1.0 Brief Description: Merit-based recruitment and promotioninvolves the specification of objective criteria related to qualifications,experience and ability to achieve organizational goals as the basis fordecisions concerning entry into (or advancement within) the Civil Service.Merit-based systems strive to ensure the recruitment and selection of the”best” and most capable candidates, thereby assisting efforts toattract, secure and retain professional, high-quality civil servant.
Employmentequity is an important issue in civil service of Pakistan. Being the residentof southern Punjab Province every citizen having complex in their mind. Theyhave the same potential and energy but they are certainly ignored in meritsystem of civil service.
Madarassa school system getting strength in southernPunjab which flourishes the extreme religious values in mind of common peoplewhich leads towards act of terrorism. Althougha merit system does not fulfils the requirement of transparency and thecriteria used for selection and promotion decisions are not made known to thepublic and are open to scrutiny. The condition of contestability is establishedwhenever mechanisms exist that permit perceived violations of merit-basedhiring or promotion decisions to be reviewed and challenged.
The Federal PublicService Commission is entrusted to institutionalize merit-based, transparentrecruitment for the civil service. 2.0 Levelof Research Already Carried Out on the Proposed Topic: Following literature has been gleanedthrough for the purpose of initial thought consolidation:-The CSP is one of the heirs ofthe famous Indian Civil Service (ICS) created by the British and considered tobe the “steel frame” of Britain’s administration in India (Burki,1969). British often used to describe the Indian CivilService as the steel frame of the whole structure which constituted theGovernment of India (Chene, M. 2008).’Today in the Government of Pakistan the civil servants often play an even morepowerful role than that of their imperial predecessors (Abbasi,2011).
Their ascent to power has been both steady anddramatic (Sayeed,1958).. According to study, the administrators of thenew state of Pakistan have done much to preserve what they thought was worthyand desirable of their proud heritage (Gorvine, 1965). They have been particularlysuccessfully doing so though in passing they have inadvertently reserved any ofthe conditions associated with colonial rule. Colonial India had been governedby a minute number of Europeans (Gorvine, 1965). Longafter independence, the members of the CSP continue to hold key positions inall tiers of government, exercising an influence “far disproportionate totheir numbers and changing environment characterized by one politicalrevolution (October, 1958) and two economic revolutions (1963-65 and 1967-68),the CSP has not only displayed a remarkable ability to survive but has, to theconsternation of many, grown enormously in both power and prestige (Burki,1969).Bureaucracywas discredited because of agitation and protest in the urban centers andbreakup of the Pakistani state (Shafaqat, 2014). Bureaucracy is pivotal to moderngovernment.
This is recognized both by the proponents and the opponents ofbureaucracy.Civil service refers to the bodyof government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neitherpolitical nor judicial (Husnain,2010). A well-functioning civil service helps to foster goodpolicymaking, effective service delivery, accountability and responsibility inutilizing public resources which are the characteristics of good governance (Cyan,2006). The importance of the civil service to governancestems from the service presence throughout the country and its strong bindingcharacter, administrative and managerial capacity of the services, effectivepolicy-making and regulation, effective coordination between institutions ofgovernance, leadership at different levels of administration, service deliveryat the cutting edge level and provide ‘continuity and change’ to theadministration (Imtiaz,2013).
Moreover, intra-service rivalries isolated thedominant bureaucrats from the larger administrative system (Ziring& LaPorte, 1974). Abbasi, A. (2011). Public sector governance inPakistan: Board of Investment (BOI). InternationalJournal of Politics and Good Governance, 2(2.
1), 1-28. Burki, S. J. (1969). Teventy yaers of the civilservice of Pakistan.
Asian survey,239-254. Cyan, M. R. (2006). Main issues for setting thecivil service reform agenda in Pakistan. ThePakistan Development Review, 1241-1254. Gorvine, A.
(1965). The Civil Service under theRevolutionary Government in Pakistan. MiddleEast Journal, 321-336. Husnain, Z. (2010). Devolution, Accountability, andServis delevery in Pakistan. The Pakistandevelopment review, 129-152. Imtiaz, S.
A. (2013). A Study on the Civil ServiceStructure, Civil Servants Training and an Overview of National Commission of. German Federal Ministry of EconomicCooperation and Development (BMZ). Kalia, S. (2006). Bureaucratic Policy Making inPakistan. Department of PublicAdministration,University of Karachi.
Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte, J. (1974). ThePakistan Bureaucracy: Two Views. AsianSurvey, 1086-1103. Sayeed, K. B. (1958).
The Political Role ofPakistan’s Civil Service. Pacific Affairs131-146. Shafaqat, S. (1999). Pakistani Bureaucracy: Crisisof Governance and Prospects of Reform. ThePakistan Development Review, 995-1017.
Shafaqat, S. (2014). Civil Service Reform and 18thAmendment. Centre for Civic EducationPakistan, 19-34. Ziring, L.
, & LaPorte, R.(1974). The Pakistan Bureaucracy: Two Views. Asian Survey, 14(12), 1086-1103. 3.
0 Reason/Justificationfor the Selection of the Topic: Long afterautonomy, the individuals from the CSP keep on holding key positions in alllevels of government, practicing an impact “far lopsided to their numbersand changing condition described by one political upset (October, 1958) and twomonetary insurgencies (1963-65 and 1967-68), the CSP has shown an exceptionalcapacity to make due as well as has, to the horror of many, developedtremendously in both power and renown (Burki,1969).these difficulties adequately (Shafaqat,1999). The PPP and its initiative had accepted powerthrough well known vote; accordingly the ruler’s basic was to build up superordinate-subordinate connection between the chose open authorities and theorganization (Shafaqat,2014). The higher or world classorganization in Pakistan held huge power and delighted in outstanding benefit (Lawrence Ziring and Robert LaPorte,1974).
Administration frames life blood of anylegislature and it fills in as a black box where general society requests andbackings are changed into activities and strategies. The part of Pakistan’sadministration in approach issues and the different components that have moldedits character in the nation’s administration (Sayeed,1958). Elements of approach making have been examined,trailed by the arrangement and nature of Pakistan’s organization under variousadministrations. Through verifiable investigation, evidential examination andperception; current part of organization in arrangement matters has beencontended (Kalia, 2006).
3.1 Purposeof study: Employment equity is an important issuein civil service of Pakistan. Being the resident of southern Punjab Provinceevery citizen having complex in their mind. They have the same potential andenergy but they are certainly ignored in merit system of civil service.Madrassa school system getting strength in southern Punjab which flourishes theextreme religious values in mind of common people which leads towards act ofterrorism. 3.2 ProblemStatement: Pakistan deteriorating civil service isin urgent need of repair.Meritsystem does not fulfils the requirement of transparency and the criteria usedfor selection and promotion decisions are not made known to the public and areopen to scrutiny.
3.3 Hypothesis: Which is the major factor that affectssouthern Punjab Students in CSS recruitment?3.3.1 Moderatorof Independent and Dependent.· Bribery has a moderate role in employment equity andBureaucracy.· Bribery has moderate role between administrative corruptionand civil services.· Bribery has a moderate role in employment equity and civilservices.
· Bribery has a moderate role in administrative corruption andbureaucracy.· Favoritism has a moderate role in employment equity andBureaucracy.· Favoritism has a moderate role in administrative corruptionand bureaucracy.· Favoritism has moderate role between administrativecorruption and civil services.· Favoritism has the moderate role in employment equity andcivil services. 3.4 Objectives: 1.
To find out the major factor whichaffect southern Punjab Students in selection of CSS.2. To find out how Selection criteria ismore effective for southern Punjabstudents in CSP (Civil services of Pakistan) 3.
5 Relation btw Independent and Dependent Variable. · Civil services has a positive relation with employmentequity. · Civil services has a positive relationship withadministrative corruption.· Bureaucracy has a positive relation with employment equity.· Bureaucracy has a positive relationship with .administrativecorruption. 4.0 Methodology: Theresearch design is qualitative in nature.
Qualitative methods typically producea wealth of detailed data about a much smaller number of people and cases”. Theliterature for this study included civil service laws, rules at the federal andprovincial Levels International reports and journals, Government of Pakistannotifications. 5.0 Relevance to National Needs:Merit-basedrecruitment and promotion involves the specification of objective criteriarelated to qualifications, experience and ability to achieve organizationalgoals as the basis for decisions concerning entry into (or advancement within)the Civil Service. 6.0 Recommendations:Following advantages arevisualized in terms of:- The study recommends adopting theeffective designing and implementation of policies and programs of civilservants. New role that the Federal Public Service Commission should beassigned is not to serve merely as an examining agency.
Instead, it should begiven the role of formulating personnel policies, planning and projecting manpower needs of the governmental organization, setting standards and enforcingthese standards. 7.0 Conclusion: Pakistan’s civil service has beenfollowing the British model, yet now it is being professionalized. Rank-basedframework, the generalists are liked to pros, and lifetime business is given toits occupants.
The normal man in most Asian nations sees the commonadministrations framework to be wasteful, degenerate, ailing in creativecapacities and unwilling to change. Absence of straightforwardness frequentlyprompts wrong financial and political choices, a significant number of whichinfluence Civil Service Reforms. Great administration includes advancing thegovern of law, resilience and a straightforward financial and politicalprocedures and an autonomous legal. Most importantly, great administrationimplies regard for human rights. There is a need to change the part ofgovernment from controller to facilitator, with an accentuation on refocusingand narrowing of general duties, and enhancing conveyance of administrations tothe general population, and trying endeavors for improved principles andmethodology, decentralization and designation. A Civil Service Reform Unitadministers the usage of changes in common administration, while the FederalPublic Service Commission is endowed to standardize justify based,straightforward enrollment for the common administration. The other feature ofcommon administration is the solid connection between’s the degree ofgovernment contribution in the economy, and the measure of defilement.
Likewise, the degree of defilement in a nation is represented by the structureof its open administrations, especially their determination and advancementforms, and their wage scales near to the private part. Government workersrequire viable preparing and vocation advancement, which would bring aboutbetter authoritative and individual execution. The structure of commonadministration execution examinations ought to associate with center skills,with particular objectives for the coming audit time frame to build centercapabilities. Government workers should be held based on the ampleness of theirexecution and insufficient execution ought to be remedied. The individuals whocan’t or won’t enhance their execution ought to be isolated from benefit.Government workers are to be ensured against subjective activity, individualbias, or intimidation for divided political purposes; restricted from utilizingtheir official specialist or impact to interfere with or influencing theconsequence of a race or an assignment for race; and be shielded againstretaliation for the legitimate revelation of data which the representativessensibly trust confirms an infringement of any law, manage, or direction.
period to build center capabilities. Government workers should be held based onthe sufficiency of their execution and insufficient execution ought to beadjusted. The individuals who can’t or won’t enhance their execution ought tobe isolated from benefit. Government workers are to be secured againstdiscretionary activity, individual preference, or intimidation for fanaticpolitical purposes; precluded from utilizing their official expert or impact tointerfere with or influencing the aftereffect of a race or a selection forrace; and be shielded against backlash for the legal exposure of data which therepresentatives sensibly trust proves an infringement of any law, administer,or direction.