1) GoldenRationalization: Also known as “Everyone does it”, is a misconception amongpeople thinking that if everyone is doing it then they can do it too.
Accordingto Josephson Institute of ethics (2014), “Ethics is about the way things oughtto be not the way things are”. Common examples of this behavior are:Corruption, coping notes, taking software’s from work to home while tellingthemselves it’s just borrowing.2) Thestar syndrome: This is the unethical behavior done by an important personin organization like CEO or Managers who have went to high length to help theemployees or anyone else and everyone knows how good they are; So, they decideto turn a blind eye on their actions for once. Thus, causes huge problembecause they will start thinking their actions are accepted by everyone andwill start to depend more on the unethical behavior3) Moraljustification: Moral justification is the reconstruction of ethics behavioron oneself and create one’s own ethical standard.
Action gives rise toself-reactions through a judgmental function in which conduct is evaluatedagainst internal standards and situational circumstances (Bandura et al.,1996). In this process, unethical behavior is made personally and sociallyacceptable by portraying it in the service of valued or moral purposes (BarskyA., 2011). Teleological theory willsometime result in unethical decision because it solely focuses on the ethicalend result and does not care about the steps that has been taken to achieve thegoal.
Deontological theory will neverresult in unethical decision because it focuses on taking ethical steps andprocesses that is need to be taken rather than the consequences from the steps.Virtue ethics will sometimesresult in unethical decision because it depends upon the character of a personand one can always his characters to other people. Unethicalrationalization will never result in ethical action because never will wrongmake a right. Rationalization unethical method is like a black hole because ifone starts taking unethical actions more will they start to depend more on itand more will the get start getting sucked into it. Rationalization will maygive a good outcome that is beneficial for organization, own self or tocoworkers but it will always be unethical. Theethical theory and unethical rationalization may sometime be similar. Like invirtue ethics, a person with weak character may take bribe from the other andthat is one of the golden rationalization because he knows everyone is takingbribe; So, he thinks corruption is just one thing everyone does.
Inteleological theory, where the end result needs to be ethical it is similar tostar syndrome because the CEO may hide the assets/loss to show the company isprospering know the future will be better; Employee turn a blind eye on hisdecision trusting his decision. Deontological theory asserts if it does notcause problem to anyone then it is ethical decision this seems similar to trivialtrap rationalization where “No harm, no foul” is said to rationalize isactually is different because Deontological theory always give positive endresult while taking ethical steps whereas trivial trap indirectly harms