American Progressive Era
The New Nationalism was initiated by Roosevelt while the New Freedom was initiated by Wilson. Both were tools used to bring reforms in order to make life better for the Americans. The New Nationalism was concerned about the welfare of the people versus their property rights. According to Roosevelt, the New Nationalism would be “protecting the interests of individuals through big government” (654). The New Nationalism encouraged taxing on inheritances, incomes, and regulating the greater industry. It also encouraged advocated for social justice, which included compensating the workers for accidents, implementations of laws that dealt with child labor, maximum hours and minimum wages, and so on. It also considered the African Americans republican and the women. New nationalism also embraced economy consolidation whether it concerned big labor or big business (Cohen 60).
On the other hand, the New Freedom concentrated on antitrust modification, currency reform, banking and tariff reduction. In other words, the New Nationalism was more concerned with the individuals while the New Freedom was more concerned with the economy as a general (Gould 65). The New Freedom was in favor of the small enterprise, a free market economy and more individual competition (Rego 100). New Nationalism was in favor of social welfare while the New Freedom did not advocate this at all. In his view, Wilson felt that the little man should compete without the government’s head starts.
The New Nationalism was the best to curtail the concentration of industrial and corporate power. This is because it advocated for individual welfare. If the individuals were empowered, they would be able to control some oppressive policies put by the monopolies. It is also known that Wilson ended up implementing most of Roosevelt’s policies when he came into power. The policies did not leave the property rights and the consolidation of the economy out of question (Griffith 1164). It just showed that a concentration on individual welfare would put a balance between the individuals and the corporate.
The Red Scare of 1919-1920 is known as the first Red Scare. The first red scare concerned political radicalism and socialist revolution (Fitzgerald 50). It was provoked by the fear that a Bolshevik revolution would bring changes to the home, civility, Church, marriage and the general way of life of an American (686). The president would have stopped the raiding done by Palmer. They played a big role in the fear and the experiences instilled into the American’s lives. A better way of stopping the scare should have been taken instead of the harsh mode that was used.
Talks with the Soviet Union would have done a better job than taking matters int0 their own hands (Griffith 1163). The shifting back of aliens back to their country of origin after the cruel experience they had gone through only made the situation worse. The spread of the rumor about the Americans lives being interfered with could have been stopped from the word go or as soon as it erupted. It President, with the powers bestowed on him, could have stopped the panic and the other repercussions that followed later.
Life started getting back to normal in the 1920 spring. Some twelve attorneys gave a report on the Justice department’s violation on civil rights. Although this was met with a lot of criticism from both the senators and the media, they played a role in the ending of this period. Some bills were brought forth, which placed the communists and the socialists in the same category. This also raised more criticisms. Finally, it was evaluated that sending the Reds away into their countries of origin, was a disadvantage to the country in terms of labor, which led to an increase in wages and a decrease in profits (Parson 416).
Cohen, Michael. Live from the campaign trail: the greatest presidential campaign speeches of the twentieth century and how they shaped modern America. New York: Walker & Co, 2008. Print.
Fitzgerald, Brian. Mccarthyism: The Red Scare. Minneapolis, Minn: Compass Point Books, 2007. Print.
Griffith, Robert. “Review of Ordinary Americans: the Red Scare.” Journal of American History. 87.3 (2000): 1163-1164. Print.
Gould, Lewis. America in the Progressive Era, 1890-1914. Harlow, England: Longman, 2001. Print.
Parson, Don. “The Decline of Public Housing and the Politics of the Red Scare.” Journal of Urban History. 33.3 (2007): 400-417. Print.
Rego, Paul. American Ideal: Theodore Roosevelt’s Search for American Individualism. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2008. Print.