Answer Class Questions Name: Lecturer: Institution: Course: Date: Answer Class Questions Question One The appropriate combination of science and craft approach regarding different topical areas of organizational and management studies are those that produce knowledge for improving work processes. Primarily, this knowledge would assist managers in making their decisions as well as endowing them with the necessary skills (Hassard 2005, p. 21). Question Two In terms of organizational and management studies, the term science implies the application of mathematical and statistical principles and methods in business decision-making processes. The aspect of science in organization and management studies helps in developing a better understanding of business scenarios.

On the other hand, the term craft implies using the knowledge gained from the science aspect to make informed decisions pertaining to the organization. Both science and craft are related to art because they have to be combined to ensure optimum management of organizational activities (Hassard 2005, p. 37). Art hence implies applying both elements and organizational management. Question Three Primarily, in the process of knowledge creation in the field of business and organization studies, talent plays the role of making use of a natural ability in achieving company goals.

Skills play the role of manipulating mentally, verbally, or manually data in organizational studies. Knowledge plays the role of making relevant decisions and having an informed understanding of organizational studies (Schwab 2009, p. 42). Skills involve the efficiency and method of performing a certain activity. Skills are related to technique since they determine the manner in which the activity is executed. Question Four Indeed, when conducting a research to produce actionable knowledge, science credentials should have more weight than craft credentials. This is because the aspect of science is designed to use mathematical and statistical principles to establish relevant knowledge regarding that research (Adler 2009, p. 13).

Craft on the other hand is supposed to apply this knowledge. Hence, science credentials should have more priority. Question Five Social science researchers should be more inclined on developing their science credentials because the aspect of craft is subjective to only certain people. In other words, craft credentials apply skills and talent. There are certain people who are more gifted than others are in terms of talents and skills (Hassard 2005, p. 48). Hence, not everyone can excel in making managerial decisions even though he or she has the necessary knowledge.

Question Six Indeed, I see myself integrating methodology, human nature, epistemology, and ontology paradigms to address my problem of absenteeism. These paradigms allow me to have a better understanding on the issue of absenteeism and its effect on my development. Ultimately, I am able to pinpoint the particular areas I need to work in order to address this problem. (Schwab 2009, p. 74) Question Seven Ultimately, I was able to find that the human nature paradigm.

In this regard, attending to this paradigm revealed that it would present me with a number of benefits compared to the other three. Among these benefits is proper utilization of my skills and talents. Using this paradigm will ensure maximum productivity and will enable me to put in greater efforts and improve the overall productivity (Adler 2009, p. 37). Question Eight Pethodology, human nature, epistemology, and ontology paradigms are all models designed for understanding absenteeism. Ontology in this case explains the nature of existence.

The epistemology paradigm attempts to explain the understanding of knowledge. Human nature paradigm explains how human beings relate to their environment. Lastly, the methodology paradigm explains the human thinking process (Lee 2007, p. 62). Reference Adler, P. S. (2009). Sociology and organization studies: classical foundations.

Oxford, Oxford University Press. Hassard, J. (2005). Sociology and organization theory: positivism, paradigms, and postmodernity.

Cambridge [England], Cambridge University Press. Lee, T. W. (2007). Using qualitative methods in organizational research. Thousand Oaks, Calif, Sage Publications.

Schwab, D. P. (2009). Research methods for organizational studies.

Mahwah, N.J., Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. http://search.ebscohost.

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