AttitudeS of Undergraduate
Medical Students to Patient Safety


Zwasta Pribadi Mahardhika, Miranti Pusparini

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Education Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Yarsi-Indonesia

[email protected]





Patient safety has become the main concern of health care and
is being included in an undergraduate curriculum as it plays a major role in
lessening harm. Therefore we aim
to assess undergraduate medical students’ attitudes to patient safety issue and
their interest in education related to patient safety.


The cross-sectional survey of
519 undergraduate students was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas
Yarsi, in September 2017. A structured and anonymous self-administered questionnaire
was handed to medical students including preclinical and clinical undergraduate
students. The main outcome measures were students’ attitudes about patient
safety issues and their attitude to integrating patient safety curriculum to
undergraduate medical education.


Overall, 308(59%) students agreed
that medical errors were inevitable, but 391(75%) thought competent physicians
do not make errors. More than half of the students said medical errors should
be reported even if there is no harm to patient (59% and 73% respectively).
Less than half (29%) students believe reporting
systems do little to reduce future errors. Almost
all students (94%) thought work harder and more
careful is
an effective strategy after an error occurs. Over 80% of students thought physicians routinely share information about medical errors
and what caused them.
The majority agreed that patient safety
should be part of medical curriculum and physician should spend their time to
improve patient care (66% and 86% respectively). Most students (94%) would like
to receive further teaching on patient safety.


This study showed
that undergraduate students had a positive attitude toward patient safety. The teaching of ‘patient safety’ was highly supported by
students and needs to be included in medical curriculum.

Keywords: patient safety, medical error, medical