3) Child Protection The registration of birth is a fundamental rights thatevery child should get from the moment of their birth. Every children have theirright to get protection for growing in a safe and comfortable environment. Achild who is not registered at birth will having risk exposed in danger of being denied the right toan official identity, a recognised name and a nationality. A birth certificate is a child’spassport to get protection. Birth registration is the state’s official recordof a child’s birth and a government first acknowledgement of a child’sexistence. This is a procedure for ensuring that a child fulfill therequirement to get protection as a Malaysia citizen. In Malaysia, National Registration Department (NRD) isthe authority that represented government for the registration of a new born.In order to require protection from Malaysia government, a child citizenship statusmust be determined by NRD.
Birth registration is a must procedure to ensure theidentity of a new born, as it is a permanent and official record of a child’sexistence. A child without a birth certificate is a child that lossin the area of protection, as a child will be ‘invisible” in the eyes of law.In other word, a child without having a birth certificate would give astatelessness identity him or her. Statelessness is defined as a person who is not a registered citizen ofany country. Meanwhile, a stateless person received very limited protectionunder law provided.
Birth registration is important fora child in order to get protection from government. Without identification,government official have no documentation of a child’s existence. As a result,the law is incapable of protecting children from crimes and abuse. But, aneffective birth registration protects children and provides them with legalrights. 4) An access key for education Nowadays,education is very important for every one especially children. Getting aneducation seems applicable to every children but in the lack of birthcertificate to prove them as a citizen, children might getting hardship forhaving education. Instead of getting education in government school, they haveto go to private school where cost an arm and a leg for non effortless parents.
Inanother word, a birth certificate is also important to ensure a child enrol inschool at the right age. Majority children would start their pre-schooleducation at the age of 3 , entering kindergarten for 2 years and start theirprimary school education at 7 years old. In Malaysia, every children areobligate to get education. Birthregistration would lead impact to fundamental right to education of children. Kids without a birth certificate, willbeing refused to be accept in a school. Birth certificate is an importantevidence to prove that a child is permitted to attend primary school. Futhermore,school authority also required to get children birth certificate to proceed andenable student to sit UPSR and thus to receive relevant academic qualificationsor to progess secondary school.
Kids who recognize as citizen would benefits roaccess educational scholarships, free textbooks and uniform that provided bygovernment. Inanother word, birth certificate also mean an education. Many children form therefugee, stateless and irregular migrant communities do not have access toformal education, as government schools do not generally accept non-Malaysianor undocumented children. Therefore, registration of birth will benefitschildren to access education. 5) Providing access to health care The registration of birth is important for a child as itopen up a world of health care. Every citizen is entitled to the facilitiesprovided on health care in country. A citizen will having a low cost of paymentin health care provided by government. Nowadays in Malaysia, instead of birth certificates,children are now available to proceed MyKid.
MyKid is for Malaysia citizenunder age of 12 including new borns. However, MyKid registration is notcompulsory as MyKad. Both identity card have the same function that manage thestorage of health information of the card holder. MyKid also function to managethe immunisation records of a child. Birth registration is important for a child in order toaccess health care which are provided by government. For example, identity of aperson is required for the purpose to store medical record. When this purposecomes to kids, birth registration is important to alert immunisation vaccinerequire a child.
An accurate information on birth is also important to trackthe progress of health care of a child, especially to a newborn who areobligate to get immunisation vaccine. Every children have the right to access good health. Anewborn or a kid who are identified as a Malaysian, will get immunisation forfree.
Immunisation vaccines are provided free of charge in all Ministry ofHealth Malaysia facilities. An immunisation should be started on the firstvisit for children. Kids who have delayed visit to the clinic for immunisation,will not be given immunisation. In conclusion, having a birth certificate will benefit achild and the parents too.
Being as a citizen will having a low cost of health carefee, sometimes in certain situations, a person would being free of charge fromany treatment payment in government hospital.