According to their study, Dwyer, K., Osher, D., & Warger, C.
(2006)state that “Noneof these signs alone is sufficient for predicting aggression and violence.”. Moreover, it is inappropriate and potentiallyharmful to use the early warning signs as a checklist against which to measureindividual children. Rather, the early warning signs are offered only as an aidin identifying and referring children who may need help. School communitiesmust ensure that staff and students use the early warning signs only foridentification and referral purposes only trained professionals should makediagnoses in consultation with the child’s parents or guardian.
The following early warning signs are presented with thequalifications that they are not equally significant and are not presented inorder of seriousness: Social withdrawal, Excessive feelings of isolation and being alone, Excessive feelings of rejection, Being a victim of violence, Feelings of being persecuted, Low school interest and poor academic performance, Expression of violence in writings and drawings, Uncontrolled anger, Patterns of impulsive and chronic hitting,intimidating, and bullying behaviors, Historyof discipline problems, Historyof violent and aggressive behavior, Intolerancefor differences and prejudicial attitudes, Use of drugs and alcohol, Affiliation with gangs, Inappropriate access to firearms, Serious threats of violence.Unlike early warning signs, imminent warning signsindicate that a student is very close to behaving in a way that is potentiallydangerous to himself or herself or others. Imminent warning signs require animmediate response. No single warning sign can predictthat a dangerous act will occur.
Rather, imminent warning signs usually arepresented as a sequence of overt, serious, hostile behaviors or threats directedat peers, staff, or other individuals. Usually, imminent warning signs areevident to more than one staff member as well as to the child’s family. Whenwarning signs indicate that danger is imminent, safety must always be the firstand foremost consideration. Action must be taken immediately.
Imminent warningsigns may include: Serious physical fighting with peers or family members, Severedestruction of property, Severe rage for seemingly minor reasons, Otherself-injurious behaviors or threats of suicide, Threats of lethal violence, Adetailed plan (time, place, and method) to harm or kill others, particularly ifthe child has a history of aggression or has attempted to carry out threats inthe past, Possession and/or use of firearms and other weapons.