(Abbas et al 2002) explored the taxonomy and distribution of butterflies of the Skardu and
they reported sixteen species of butterflies from 6 distinct areas of skardu during survey. These species belong to
five different families and fourteen genera and furthermore each family
contained different genera that were as family Paplionidae indicated by only
one genus as parnassinus,family Pieridae followed by 3 genera,family Lycaenidae
referred to 6 genera,family Nymphalidae denoted by 2 genera and family
Satyridae also denoted by 2 genera.
(Khan et al 2007) studied biodiversity of butterflies from Districts Kotli, Mirpur and
Bhimber of Azad Kashmir, the specimens were collected from different areas of
each districts and revealed total fifty five species. Out of these, 16 species
from Kolti, 20 species from Mirpur and 19 species from Bhimber that belong to 7
families and 30 genera. While using Shannon’s Simpson’s, Margalef,s and
Nalmura.s indexes ,they also analyzed the values of butterflies diversity from Maximum to minimum from each districts.
Furthermore this study does not describe about the any threaten species nor new
(Naz et al 2010) explored the Genus Junonia ,( Nymphalidae) of Pakistan, in which only
one new specie name as
Junonia atlites have been documented from Pakistan
that was a new record of them. Now approximately 6 species of genus junonia
have been indentified from Pakistan that belongs to family Nymphalidae.
(Perveen et al 2012) worked on characterization of butterflies(Lepidoptera) of Kohat Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and they revealed
total 21 species that belong to 3
families and 6 subfamilies.The 3 three families were as family Nymphalidae indicated
by 33% of species,family Papiliondae were included 10% species while family
pieridae were included 57%species.Moreover each family contained different
subfamilies such as family Nymphalidae referred to Nymphalinae and Satyrinae,
Family Papiliondae represented by papilionae while family Pieridae described by
three subfamilies Pierinae,Coliaclinae and Caliadinae as well as they also
determined the wings size of collected specimens that were as 25mm to 100mm.
(Preveen and Fazal 2013) explored biology and distribution of butterfly fauna of
Hazara university,Mensehra and described only 10 species of butterflies from
three different areas that belong to 3 families and 8 genera.The following
areas were as Residential area that indicated
most abound rate diversity of
family pieridae including 5 species. While
main campus area referred to 3 species of family Nymphalidae and Administration
area showed by only two species that belong to family Papilionidae.
Additionally they also measured Body and wings size of some species ranging from
1.5cm to 2.5cm and 3.7cm to 7.5cm.
(Mal et al 2014) worked on checklist of butterfly fauna (Lepidoptera, Rhopalcerol) of
sindh, during survey they had been recorded total 67 species of 6 families. out of which 19 species belong to family Lycaenidae , 18 species of
family pieridae, 11 species of family Nymphalidae, 11 species of family
Hesperiidae, 5 species of family Danaidae and only 3 species of family
papilionodae were documented.
(Mal et al 2014) studied diversity of pierid butterflies, Lepidoptera pieridae from Jamshoro
district of Sindh and recorded first time 10 species of pierid butterflies that
belong to 4 genera follow as Anapheis, Calopsila, colitis, Eurema and two
subfamilies were as pierinae and Coliadinae included.
(Khan et al 2014) analyzed the biodiversity of butterflies from poonch division of Azad
Kashmir and total 32 species of butterflies have been reported from 28 distinct
areas of three districts of Poonch that belong to 3 different families ,5
subfamlies and 18 generas.they also calculated the diversity values in each
area of districts through using Maria,s method showed the highest value from
the Sudhan Gali and Mongbajri of Bagh,
Khaigalah of Poonch, and Azad Pattan of Sudhnoti while lowest value from Nammanpura
that locate in Bagh ,Topa and
Paniola of Poonch and Palandari
city of Sudhnoti.Their study lead that
there may be changing in biodiversity of butterflies in coming future.
Faiz et al (2015) explored community structure and diversity of butterflies from Tolopir National
Park Azad Jamu Kashmir and they had been indentified about 20 species that belong to Nymphalidae and Pieridae
families .They had also been analyzed the values of diverse butterflies
diversity using some methods which were follow as Simpson index shown be 0.009
range,Shannon index 3.05,Berger Perker index represented by 0.006,Margalef,s
index shown by 3.37, Menhinick index 0.89 while Buzas and Gibson’s index were
included 0.96 range.
(Afshan et al 2015) described the butterfly fauna of Tehsil and District Chitral Khybar
Pakhtunkhwa in wchich 15 speccies of
butterflies have been reported that belong to 4 families, 5 subfamilies
including Nymphalina, pierinae,coliadinae,coliaclinae and paplioninae and 11
genera.The families were as Nymphalidae that referred to most abound rate of 8
species, pieridae followed by 5 species
while lycaenidae and paplionidae
represented by lowest abundant of one
(Khan et al 2016) explored the butterflies’ species and habitat of Tehsil Choa Saigdan
Shah and 500 specimens collected from different 20 areas during the year of
2014. Out of these specimens, only 31 species had been indentified that
referred to 4 families and 20 genera. The families were follow as family
pieridae were included 11 species, family Nymphalidae indicated by 10 species ,
family Lycaenidae represented by 3 species while family Paplionidae were
followed by 7 species but out of these
species some were common at that study areas.
(Batool et al 2016)studied diversity and distribution of butterflies in different cities of
Pakistan and reported that most abundant biodiversity of butterflies are found
in Bhawalpur including 70 species o f 19
(Iqbal et al 2016) studied butterfly diversity in
District Gujrat,Punjab during the study , 232 butterfly specimens were
collected from different habitat of Gujrat
. Out of these specimens, only 12 species had been recognized that belong
to different 3 families, 4 subfamilies and 8 genera. The families were as
Pieridae that were comprised of 6 species, Nymphalidae referred to 4 species
while Danaidae followed by 2 species only. Furthermore their study also
describe the family wise distribution percentage of butterflies that were as
78% represented by family Pieridae, 14% by family Dananidae and 8% denoted by
family Nymphalidae as well as this study also suggest that population of some
butterflies species may be maximum or minimum related to seasons at District
Gujrat but some have maximum throughout seasons such as pieris canidia.
(Khan et al 2016 ) worked on diversity and distribution of butterflies of district Dir
Lower Khyber pakhtoonkhwa and reported 24 species that belong to 20 genera and 7 families
were as Papilionidae, Pieridae, Danidae, Nymphalidae, Satyridae Lycaenidae and lybethedae. while of these 12 species that belong to family
Nymphalidae described 50% abound rate as compared to other families.
(Ullah et al 2017) studied the faunal diversity of butterflies in Tehsil Shabqabar District
Charsadda Khyyber Pakhtunkhwa in which 250 specimens were collected from
different localities of Tehsil shabqabar during the year of 2015 to 2016.out of
these specimens; they reported 13 species that belong to 3 families and 10
genera. The families were as Nymphalidae, pieridae and paplionidae as well as
indicated abound rate of individuals each
families such as most were represented by family Nymhalidae.
(Haroon and Perveen 2017) Worked on characteristics of family Nymphalidae
(lepidoptera) in Tehsil Tagi Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and reported 26 species of