Accordingto the UN refugee agency more than 2.
4 million Yemeni’s have had to flee theirhome to somewhere else in the country; around 120,000 have looked for asylum inother countries which include Somalia and Djibouti (UN Refugee Agency, 2016).Smuggling civilians into other countries is neither safe for the passengerstravelling nor the transporters. There have been many accounts of passengersdrowning from boat rides and others where there has been open fire from armedgroups. Many flee from their homes without taking much possessions, often indesperation to search for any means of safety and survival.Inrecent report by UNICEF (2018), since the violence in March 2015 over 3 millionchildren have been born. The conflict there makes it one of the worst places tobe a child. Day to day their lives have been damaged by violence, poverty,diseases and a lack of basic necessities such as food, water, education andmedicine.
The war has left many children malnourished and has destroyed theirfamily’s livelihoods. The statistics given by the UNICEF (2018) report showsthat on average, five children have been killed or injured every day, 1.8million are acutely malnourished, 70% of families and their children live belowthe poverty line and nearly 11.3 million children are in need of humanitarianassistance – which is near enough to be every single child in Yemen.Thosemothers who have given birth or have become pregnant during the first 1,000days are in an unfortunate condition. Without appropriate medical care oraccess to food or water, there is not only an issue for their well-being, butfor their babies too. Parents may feel guilt in bringing their child into theworld knowing that they will face poverty.
During a good healthy pregnancy, amother should have good antenatal care and nutrition; however, for many mothersin Yemen they do not have access to the right care, nor enough food at homemaking them ill and malnourished. If a mother is unable to ensure that thepregnancy is safe, the child will not be born healthy. During childbirth, manyfamilies cannot afford the expenses of having a hospital delivery and so, manygive birth at home. This is both bad for the mother and child because if somecomplications were to occur, medical assistance will not be near to help.Growing up the child may become sick as it does not receive any medical careso, their health starts to deteriorate. Some families ted to borrow money fromothers so that they can take their child to go see a doctor and get themtreated, but then again borrowing money can put the family in more debt thanthey maybe already are. As a child grows older their immune system becomesweaker because of the lack of basic needs and so, therefore, they are moreprone to catch diseases.
Due to the lack of food, water and play a childbecomes weak boned, their bodies are stunted, which is all having an impact onits cognitive development. Older siblings are at a considerable risk of gettinginto child labour and for some, child marriage. Unfortunately, families thatare impoverished will find it extremely difficult for ends to meet and may urgetheir future children into the same route.InYemen, half of all children are stunted and no matter how much food a childwill get, they cannot be cured from this. It is important that a child has agood nutritional start so that stunting can be prevented. Good nutrition playsa vital role throughout childhood and so, it is important to keep children in astrong healthy condition. Many mothers who give birth are at a substantial riskof dying during delivery, as well as giving birth to premature babies, who aremost likely to be malnourished and not make it beyond their first month. Thisviscous cycle of poverty will continue for families and children if theconflict does not come to an end.
The children will remain malnourished if theconflict carries on escalating, which will result in their unfortunate death.Many off the cases in Yemen are affected children under the age of five.Havingto witness and go through such atrocities whilst being a child will leave themscarred by the years of violence and poverty. Children that are born into thisgeneration are going to grow up knowing nothing more than violence. They aresuffering from this consequence which neither is their fault not theirfamilies. Children should not have to go through this. They should be able togrow up knowing that they will have a good education, a job, be able to providefor themselves and their families. Since the conflict in March, half a millionchildren have dropped out of school.
School should be a place where children areconfident about their future, where they share their ambitions with theirfellow classmates – but not in Yemen. With the war showing no sign of lessening,schools are most likely to get destroyed which threatens children education,adding on to more difficulties on a child’s life. The intensity of how theconflict has affected children’s lives can be seen by knowing that a school shouldbe a place where they can go without having to be worried about getting hurt. Butinstead it is the opposite; children are afraid to leave their homes as theycannot guarantee that they will return. Parents should be happy that they areexpecting a child and not be anxious about their future. However, being part ofa political conflict with no where to hide has shattered many hopes and dreamsof parents and their children.
Children will not have a future to look forwardto and the effect of the conflict will continue to grow.