According
to the UN refugee agency more than 2.4 million Yemeni’s have had to flee their
home to somewhere else in the country; around 120,000 have looked for asylum in
other countries which include Somalia and Djibouti (UN Refugee Agency, 2016).
Smuggling civilians into other countries is neither safe for the passengers
travelling nor the transporters. There have been many accounts of passengers
drowning from boat rides and others where there has been open fire from armed
groups. Many flee from their homes without taking much possessions, often in
desperation to search for any means of safety and survival.

In
recent report by UNICEF (2018), since the violence in March 2015 over 3 million
children have been born. The conflict there makes it one of the worst places to
be a child. Day to day their lives have been damaged by violence, poverty,
diseases and a lack of basic necessities such as food, water, education and
medicine. The war has left many children malnourished and has destroyed their
family’s livelihoods. The statistics given by the UNICEF (2018) report shows
that on average, five children have been killed or injured every day, 1.8
million are acutely malnourished, 70% of families and their children live below
the poverty line and nearly 11.3 million children are in need of humanitarian
assistance – which is near enough to be every single child in Yemen.

Those
mothers who have given birth or have become pregnant during the first 1,000
days are in an unfortunate condition. Without appropriate medical care or
access to food or water, there is not only an issue for their well-being, but
for their babies too. Parents may feel guilt in bringing their child into the
world knowing that they will face poverty. During a good healthy pregnancy, a
mother should have good antenatal care and nutrition; however, for many mothers
in Yemen they do not have access to the right care, nor enough food at home
making them ill and malnourished. If a mother is unable to ensure that the
pregnancy is safe, the child will not be born healthy. During childbirth, many
families cannot afford the expenses of having a hospital delivery and so, many
give birth at home. This is both bad for the mother and child because if some
complications were to occur, medical assistance will not be near to help.
Growing up the child may become sick as it does not receive any medical care
so, their health starts to deteriorate. Some families ted to borrow money from
others so that they can take their child to go see a doctor and get them
treated, but then again borrowing money can put the family in more debt than
they maybe already are. As a child grows older their immune system becomes
weaker because of the lack of basic needs and so, therefore, they are more
prone to catch diseases. Due to the lack of food, water and play a child
becomes weak boned, their bodies are stunted, which is all having an impact on
its cognitive development. Older siblings are at a considerable risk of getting
into child labour and for some, child marriage. Unfortunately, families that
are impoverished will find it extremely difficult for ends to meet and may urge
their future children into the same route.

In
Yemen, half of all children are stunted and no matter how much food a child
will get, they cannot be cured from this. It is important that a child has a
good nutritional start so that stunting can be prevented. Good nutrition plays
a vital role throughout childhood and so, it is important to keep children in a
strong healthy condition. Many mothers who give birth are at a substantial risk
of dying during delivery, as well as giving birth to premature babies, who are
most likely to be malnourished and not make it beyond their first month. This
viscous cycle of poverty will continue for families and children if the
conflict does not come to an end. The children will remain malnourished if the
conflict carries on escalating, which will result in their unfortunate death.
Many off the cases in Yemen are affected children under the age of five.

Having
to witness and go through such atrocities whilst being a child will leave them
scarred by the years of violence and poverty. Children that are born into this
generation are going to grow up knowing nothing more than violence. They are
suffering from this consequence which neither is their fault not their
families. Children should not have to go through this. They should be able to
grow up knowing that they will have a good education, a job, be able to provide
for themselves and their families. Since the conflict in March, half a million
children have dropped out of school. School should be a place where children are
confident about their future, where they share their ambitions with their
fellow classmates – but not in Yemen. With the war showing no sign of lessening,
schools are most likely to get destroyed which threatens children education,
adding on to more difficulties on a child’s life. The intensity of how the
conflict has affected children’s lives can be seen by knowing that a school should
be a place where they can go without having to be worried about getting hurt. But
instead it is the opposite; children are afraid to leave their homes as they
cannot guarantee that they will return. Parents should be happy that they are
expecting a child and not be anxious about their future. However, being part of
a political conflict with no where to hide has shattered many hopes and dreams
of parents and their children. Children will not have a future to look forward
to and the effect of the conflict will continue to grow.

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