According
to the American Yawp, “The American Civil War, the bloodiest in the nation’s history,
resulted in approximately 750,000 deaths…” this war erupted for various
reasons, some of which included sectional splits, the election of 1860, and
also the ambiguity of the constitution. Tying all of these factors together, the
underlying cause of the civil war in 1861 was slavery.

    For many years, the tension between
southerners and northerners only grew despite all of the compromises and so
there was a great sectional divide between most of the south who were pro-
slavery and the abolitionist of the north. The two parties; Democratic and republican
sought to have their elected candidates to win in order for their ideology to
prevail but, after the election of Abraham Lincoln, a republican who won all of
the free states during the election, Southerners greatest fear had been
realized as losing slavery would hurt their economy. This led the southerners
to unanimously declare secession, “to dissolve their Union with the United
States.” (American Yawp) Abraham Lincoln’s election as president in a way
completely divided the nation, the south created a new confederate state that
was all for slavery but a divided nation is a broken one and this fact greatly
contributed to the civil war as an effort to unite the states again.

     All through the United states history, the
issue of slavery had always one way or another been avoided and finally the
ambiguities regarding slavery in the constitution needed to be cleared up in
order for the nation to progress. The compromises that were made as a political
front to avoid the issue directly was failing. The fugitive slave act was nullified
as General Benjamin F. Butler claimed that run-away slaves are “contraband of
the war” and so did not needed to be returned to the south sing the south was no
longer a part of the United States. Many other acts were passed that voided
other acts created before the civil war like the Second confiscation act in
1862 that freed the enslaved that originated from the Union control. The vagueness
of the constitution allowed for the continuous tension in the U.S and also
allowed for constant change in the laws that divided the nation.

   The Political splits within the United
States, the election of Abraham Lincoln as President in 1860 and the obscurity
of the constitution are all factors that caused the civil war. But what
connects all of these factors together is slavery. An issue that has been
avoided by the United States since the Pre-Columbian era.

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