Along with the influence of classical Greco-Roman traditions camethe birth of modernity. An assured new perception of human nature was born. Self-worthand self-esteem flourished due to the proposed idea that all men are free fromany assigned destiny, as they are their own shapers of their lives; led by instancesof the past, the vigor of contemporary conditions, and empowered by the ambitionsof their own intentions. Consideredboth a period and a cultural movement, the Renaissance is a widely known age ofevolution that initiated the general renunciation of aspects brought up in theMiddle Ages. During this time, individuals were captivated by the outlook andstandards which originated in Greece and Rome and sought out to recover ancientprocedures by engaging in Humanism. As a movement, it commenced in thecity-states of northern Italy and extended to Germany, Spain, France, andEngland.

First beginning as a period in 1350, ending in 1600. The Renaissance iscommonly known for its blossoming in philosophy, literature, and artistic style,which aimed to illustrate the fascinationand mystique of the both this earthly world and spiritual aspiration. The style of arts notorious with the Renaissance achieved its acmein the late 15th and early 16th centuries, in the contribution of artists such asLeonardo da Vinci, Donatello, and Michelangelo. LeonardoDa Vinci once said, “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.” To live asimple yet meaningful life, a life with a purpose, was what Europeans duringthe Renaissance Era strived for, and by studying the classical languages ofGreek and Latin, individuals hoped to gain knowledge of how to live a properlife and how to perform one’s civic duties efficiently.

This interest ofclassical texts began with Humanism, the educational movement based on the rekindledbelief of individualism and reason. They valued ancient literature for its pureand elegant style and for its apprehension of human nature. The Renaissance andemergence of humanistic thought did not spell the complete for the Middle Ages;ancient values slowly grew in attraction, leading some medieval customs to inevitablyfade, however many maintained.

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