Anti-Stratfordians believe that William Shakespeare was illiterate and not well educated enough to write his plays. However, this theory of William Shakespeare being illiterate can be contradicted by the fact that William Shakespeare had entered a grammar school before during his initial years. Although William’s attendance records hadn’t survived, most biographers widely accepted that Shakespeare was possibly educated at a free school called, King Edward VI Grammar School Stratford-upon-Avon (“Ackroyd” 2006). In King Edward VI Grammar School, their curriculum was heavily focused on Greek and Latin languages (“Authorship” Article 1). Each student must learn to translate English to Greek and English to Greek (“Education” n.p.). Translating from Greek to English and English to Greek needs to learn some form of writing to understand Greek and English literature. This meant that William Shakespeare must have learned to write and understand Greek and English to graduate. Most importantly, King Edward VI Grammar Stratford-upon-Avon School influenced Shakespeare to perform his acting career. Alongside translating English/Greek text, William Shakespeare studied the works of prominent classical authors and dramatists like Ovid, Plautus, Horace, Virgil, Cicero, and Seneca (“Education” n.p.). William Shakespeare also performed Greek and Latin classical drama as entertainment during the end of the school term. (“Education” n.p.). As a result, William Shakespeare must have some sort of skills in drama and literature.Many Anti-Stratfordians believe that Edward de Vere is the true William Shakespeare. Be that as it may, there is no such evidence that Edward de Vere is the true William Shakespeare. Edward de Vere was born April 12, 1550, in Hedingham Castle, Essex and was the heir to the second-oldest earldom in the kingdom. He was an English peer and courtier of the Elizabethan era (“Edward” Synopsis).A principal reason why Anti-Stratfordians claims Edward de Vere is that he’s literate and his written works resembled that of Shakespeare’s writing style. Kurt Kreiler, a German Shakespeare Scholar and the author of “The Man Who Invented Shakespeare”, claims de Vere’s known works and letters resembling “a strong Shakespearean style and points to the earl’s nickname at court, ‘Spear-shaker'” (“William” n.p.). Kurt Kreiler also claims that “the earl graduated from Cambridge aged just 14; mastered law and Italian, and would have had a wide-ranging knowledge of the upper classes…All this, he concludes, means de Vere was well placed to write works such as ‘The Merchant of Venice’, ‘Romeo and Juliet’, and ‘Julius Caesar'” (“William” n.p.). Nevertheless, this can be contradicted by the fact that after Earl of Oxford’s death, new Shakespearean plays were introduced. Patrick Cheney, a distinguished professor of English and Comparative Literature, contradicts the Edward de Vere theory by claiming that Edward de Vere died in 1604 yet Shakespeare’s works such as the “Tempest” (performed in 1610) and “The Winter’s Tale” (performed in 1611) were performed years later (“Probing” Paragraph 5). The second reason why Anti-Stratfordians believe that Edward de Vere is the true Shakespeare is that during the Elizabethan era, writing literature as the Earl of Oxford or any upper-class citizens were not allowed. Anti-Stratfordians believe that nobles will face social stigma from their peers if they developed stories, poetries, and plays under their names. From this, Edward de Vere might have hired Shakespeare to pretend to be the author to cover up of his plays (“Authorship” Article 2). Nonetheless, this can be contradicted by the fact that many upper classes citizens wrote literature during the Elizabethan era. Dr. L. Kip, an associate professor at the Carson-Newman University, states that the Anti-Stratfordians “ignores the fact that King James, Queen Elizabeth, and Earl of Oxford also wrote poetry publicly, under their own names and that many Renaissance noblemen have written literature without any discernable fear of ‘improper’ behavior” (“Authorship” Article 2). Hence, Edward de Vere as the true Shakespeare is false.Another falsehood that it is believed to be the true Shakespeare is Francis Bacon. According to the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Sir Francis Bacon was born on January 22, 1561, and was raised in Strand, London. He was an English lawyer, statesman, essayist, historian, intellectual reformer, philosopher, and one of the few important people of modern science (“Francis”). According to The Shakespearean Authorship Trust, Francis is famous for his “extraordinary public service as an MP and a legal adviser to the Crown, and later in life as a privy counselor, Solicitor General, Attorney General and ultimately Lord Keeper of the Great Seal and Lord Chancellor” (“Sir”). 


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