Camp X EssayCamp X had a very important role inthe future of Canada. Although it cannot be given sole credit for the successof Canadian, British, and American defense it did play a large role. Burrowedoutside of sleepy Whitby Camp X Was established in 1941 and soon became a”Black Site” or “Headquarters” for Secret Canadian andallied Activities and was arguably one of the most important sites during the SecondWorld War1.The Camps operation ran from the start of world war two in 1941 through themiddle of the Cold War in 19692.
Camp X contributed to the success of Canadian Armed forces as it helped provideCommunication, it trained Spies and Saboteurs and provided critical informationfrom Top-Secret activities during the Cold war. Camp X was home to hydra, a very powerful Radio and CommunicationsFacility3.Hydra operated a complex and crucial communications link between north America,south America, and Europe 4.Camp X enabled the opportunity of secret messages sent and received bypresident Roosevelt and British prime minister Winston Churchill, this allowedthe leaders to strategize and create war plans without meeting in person. Acouple of examples of the importance of Hydra communication or Camp Xcommunications could be the information supplied by William Stephenson’s agentsallowed them to destroy German cargo ships carrying materials to supportGermans war productions plant, or the tracking and detecting of German U-boatCipher Intercepts which allowed the allies Cargo ships avoid Karl Dönitz’ killer submarine “Wolf Pack”5. Men from Canada and allied countrieswere put into ten-week training Courses at Camp X to learn the skill of silentmurder and other tricks of war like, sabotage, demolition, weaponry, and Morsecode6.According to the SOE for every hundred missions that took place only fivepercent will be successful. The few that were successful were very crucial toallied military success.
An example of one of these missions could be the storyof three instructors from camp X who traveled to France prior to D-day anddemolished the most important radar installation the Nazi’s owned. This missionsuccessfully saved hundreds of thousands of lives during the battles of D-day7. Although there are many False andfabricated claims from camp X one of these legends that has come up recently isthe belief that the plan for the Gestapo SS leaders Assassination was plannedat Camp X. Camp X agents had become sosecretive and broad that the German Army devoted entire departments and warefforts to Tracking down and catching Allied Agents8.Even after World War Two Camp X wasstill helpful to Canadian Armed forces. In the Cold War Camp X was used by theRCMP for important top-secret Activities. Many of these are not acknowledgedtoday as their files were destroyed or lost but some Events are known likeinterviewing and interrogating Soviet Prisoners of war and Soviet-Canadians.One confirmed case of this questioning was the case of Igor Gouzenko, a sovietembassy cypher clerk who defected to Canada in 19459.
He provided the Canadian government withinformation about Soviet Espionage in Canada. This Information helped thepublic become more Aware and cautious about soviet Spies in their Communities.The RCMP offered him Camp X as a Safe haven to talk freely with His wife andKids. Igor Continued to live out his life writing books until he died in 1982.The importance of this investigation is unclear, but it is acceptable to assumeCanada and Allied countries would not be as safe during the war10.
Although it is not confirmed it is likely there is other cases like this duringthe cold war. CampX was Advantageous and Constructive in the victory and success of CanadianArmored forces during its time of operation through, Communications, AllyEspionage, And crucial Top-Secret Activities by the RCMP. During its operationsCamp X was home to many Classified activities and operations, many which arenot Known to date but from the Missions that are known we can tell Camp X hadlarge role or involvement in Canada’s Military operations. From ConductingSecret Activities under the radar to Enabling Secret Communications betweenContinents Camp X was truly stunning. Nonetheless Camp X Played an importantand Defining role in Canada’s Army and History in General and will forever be amemorable part in Canada.
1 Chris Murray, “Camp X: Canada andthe allies’ clandestine war” Espirit de Corps. Taylor Publishing. October 25th,2017. http://go.
galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T003=RESULT_LIST=SingleTab=BasicSearchForm=2=GALE%7CA506828387=Article=DA-SORT==GPS=GALE%7CA506828387=R1=ko_k12hs_d72=true 2 David Stafford, “Camp X”. July 2nd,2006. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.
ca/en/article/camp-x/ 3 KayakCanada’s History Magazine for kids, “Camp X Contributions”. Canada’s NaturalHistory Society. March-April 2008. http://go.
galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T003=RESULT_LIST=SingleTab=BasicSearchForm=1=GALE%7CA178351996=Article=Relevance==GPS=GALE%7CA178351996=R3=ko_k12hs_d72=true4 David Stafford, “Camp X”. July 2nd2006. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/camp-x/ 5 Lynn Philip Hodgson, “The History ofCamp X”.
1999. http://www.camp-x.com/historyofcampx.html 6 Sue Ferguson and Hazel Willis,”Forgotten truths of Camp X: On the shores of lake Ontario, a Second World Warspy school flourished”.
April 14, 2003.Rogers Publishing Ltd. 7 Lynn Philip Hodgson, “The history ofCamp X”. 1999. http://www.
camp-x.com/historyofcampx.html 8 David Stafford, “Camp X” on TheCanadian Encyclopedia.
July 2nd 2006. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/camp-x/9 Chris Murray, “Camp X: Canada andthe allies’ clandestine war” Espirit de Corps.
Taylor Publishing. October 25th,2017. http://go.galegroup.com/ps/retrieve.do?tabID=T003=RESULT_LIST=SingleTab=BasicSearchForm=2=GALE%7CA506828387=Article=DA-SORT==GPS=GALE%7CA506828387=R1=ko_k12hs_d72=true 10 David Stafford, “Camp X” on TheCanadian Encyclopedia.
July 2nd 2006. http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/camp-x/