Case study analysis
Case study analysis
1. Biomedical research integrates the animal and human subject in the course of research activities. Ethical issues that involve the field not only include the research, but also what has been established from the research. Therefore, it incorporates both the consumer and the researcher. Consumer in this aspect refers to healthcare providers who read and decide whether to apply the research in practice. This approach is also inclusive of experimental clinic practice and validated clinic practice. Experimental research is the primary concern of chapter 12. Experimental practice is a practice that seeks to establish whether a particular type of treatment will be beneficial to patients in general. The ethical issues under this practice are the center of discussion.
The ethics of the researcher refers to particular codes that researchers should comply with in order to ensure that the benefits derived do not outweigh the risks taken on the subject.
Informed consent: information deals with the requirement for researchers to provide all information to the subject, the purpose of the research, use of random assignment, possible benefits and implications of the procedure. The researcher should not conceal any information that might harm the subject.
Nondisclosure for scientific reasons understands that general disclosure is ethical and sufficient for an informed consent and may not invalidate the research.
Who pays for bad results? This refers to the role of the researcher in informing the responsibility of paying for unforeseen occurrences and unsatisfactory results such as disability.
Informed consent: Competence and surrogates pay particular attention to surrogate consent in relation to non-therapeutic research, as the patient does not receive direct benefits from the procedure.
Consent and the special classes of subjects take into consideration the special problems associated with consent for institutionalized subjects. This special group of people presents a challenge as they are considered to have undue influence on their informed consent.
Justice and the distribution of research risks relate to the issue of unjust distribution of risks in research because of the overuse of institutionalized people.
Conflicts of interest refer to the subject of personal, company or patient interests and the primary goal of the research.
Ethical problems in research methodology are the major issues in research methods such as discrimination of women and minorities, randomized trials, double blind and institutionalized people.
Ethics of the user of research results involve the ethical codes of healthcare professionals and their responsibility to protect patients from danger (Garret, et al, 2010).
Outcome research analyzes the performance of treatment in real life when many doctors use it on diverse populations.
When research is disregarded looks into ethical issues related to research presentation and ignorance.
Results of Nazi research refer to the outcomes of research undertaken on inhuman and cruel investigations on prisoners in Nazi concentration camps.
Fetal research is research conducted on fetuses. The issues surrounding this concept include the fetus in the uterus and embryonic stem cells.
Genetic therapy refers to an experimental technique that makes extensive use of genes to prevent or treat disease. Some of the ethical areas under this technique are mapping and screening, genetic interventions, somatic gene therapy, cloning and germline therapy.
3. The research was not ethical in attempts to understand the disease because it employees unethical methods with respect to the subjects. There is an ethical significance that children often developed immunity because they were protected from other infections. It was unethical to continue the research after it was established that the procedure was not leading to immunity. Therefore, the continued procedure risked the health of the subjects. The parents had the right to give consent for their children because the children were not emotionally stable. The admittance was not in the best interest of the children rather the parents need to reduce the burden of care. Poor resource allocation in the hospital had lead to poor services and living conditions. Ultimately, the hospital is engaged in unethical activities to contain the current situation.
Garrett, T. M., & Garrett, T. M. (2010). Health care ethics: Principles and problems. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.