Caselet: Roughly 20 pieces of clothing per person

Caselet:

Roughly 20 pieces of clothing per person are manufactured each year.
Growth of the multi-trillion-dollar apparel industry has been fed by “fast
fashion,” which makes clothing cheaply and quickly with a low price-tag.
Fast-changing trends and low prices have allowed people to consume more. The
average consumer is now purchasing 60 percent more items of clothing compared
to 2000 Cotton is the most common natural fibre used to make clothing,
accounting for about 33 percent of all fibres found in textiles. Cotton is also
a very thirsty crop, requiring 2,700 liters of water—what one person drinks in
two-and-a-half years—to make one cotton shirt. In areas already facing water
stress, cotton production can be particularly damaging. In Central Asia, for
instance, the Aral Sea has nearly disappeared because cotton farmers draw
excessively from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers. Cotton farming is also
responsible for 24 percent of insecticides and 11 percent of pesticides despite
using about 3 percent of the world’s arable land.

The carbon footprint of a garment largely depends on the material.
While synthetic fibres like polyester have less impact on water and land than
grown materials like cotton, they emit more greenhouse gasses per kilogram.*
(Source, National Geographic & WRI)

M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd, a listed company, manufactures cotton fabric
and its multiple blended variants as per customer/client demands.
Customers/clients include fashion houses, designers and large clothing
manufacturers across Asia & Europe. You are the Head of CSR with the
company.

Q1. As Head of CSR you have been asked to come up with a detailed
plan to sensitize your employees on water as a critical resource and also
initiate setting up of an innovation driven cell/campaign for saving water.
Design and develop a strategic plan/roadmap involving sensitization of 100+
employees as well as setting up of the Water innovation cell/campaign with
SMART goals/outcomes for M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd. Please be very specific and
relevant to the company.

Ans:

Cotton: the Thirsty
Crop

Cotton
is one of the most important fiber crops assuming a noteworthy part in monetary
and get-togethers of the world. It is a tremendously imperative and noteworthy
yield. It is most established among the business products of the world. Cotton
is the lord of strands, normally alluded as white gold. It is the most
generally utilized common fiber in dress and materials, and around 20 million
tons of cotton is delivered every year in 90 nations

However
the fate of cotton – one of the world’s thirstiest yields – is in danger and
countenances huge manageability challenges. Cotton represents a substantial
extent of the worldwide water utilization utilized for trim generation, with
1kg of cotton requiring an immense 10,000 liters of water.

 

The
principle challenge going up against water administration in horticulture is to
enhance water utilize proficiency and its manageability. This can be
accomplished through

       I.           
An expansion in edit
water profitability (an expanded in attractive harvest yield per unit of water
unfolded) through water system,

    II.           
A lessening in water
misfortunes through soil vanishing that could somehow or another be utilized by
plants for their development, and

 III.           
An expansion in soil
water stockpiling inside the plant establishing zone through better soil and
water administration rehearses at homestead and zone wide (catchment) scales.

Other
than this, arrangement for defensive/supplemental water system, selection of
suitable soil and water preservation including water reaping measures and
presentation of miniaturized scale water system with fustigation wherever
possible, are a portion of the logical measures for water supervisors that
would grow real estate under cotton by enlarging the two its generation and
efficiency.

Strategic Water
innovation campaign for M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd

Water use efficiency:

Water
Use Efficiency (WUE) is a term that is usually used to portray the connection
between generation (eg. bunches of cotton) and the water contribution to
megalitres used to develop the product. It is additionally used to depict the
proficiency of water conveyance, application and utilize. Diminishing water
misfortunes while augmenting crop yields will build WUE, enhancing complete
homestead gainfulness. Making an entire homestead water administration design
and actualizing a water spending plan are essential to enhancing WUE.

Water budgeting:

A
water budget is utilized to decide how best to utilize the accessible water
asset, where the accessibility of the asset may differ fundamentally amid the
season because of precipitation. The water spending plan decides the range of
product to be planted given the water assets accessible toward the start of the
season. The monetary allowance likewise ascertains how to utilize trim
contributions amid the season as water accessibility changes (counting deciding
when to furrow out yields because of deficient water accessibility).

Irrigation system
design:

The
design layout of fields, stockpiles and channels are a noteworthy impact on
cultivate WUE. There are four water system framework plans, with wrinkle water
system being the fundamental one use in cotton. Elective frameworks can lessen
work costs and take into account more exact water application, however
frameworks must be outlined, introduced and overseen accurately to boost WUE.

·        
Furrow irrigation:
Over the bank siphon/wrinkle water system is appropriate to splitting mud
cotton soils, with completely streamlined siphon frameworks accomplishing
execution levels like overhead frameworks. Little changes in administration may
expand WUE fundamentally: water system stream rates and cut off circumstances
ought to be figured out how to amplify application proficiency and dispersion
consistency, which will decrease overflow, profound waste and loss of
supplements. For additional, read the CottonInfo wrinkle water system actuality
sheet, found under Publications underneath.

·        
Centre Pivot Lateral
Move (CPLM): CPLM systems can apply little
measures of water at every application, taking into account more incessant
water systems to take care of harvest water demand. These frameworks can
decrease work necessities, however on-going vitality expenses will be higher
than surface frameworks and ought to be precisely considered in any speculation
choice. For additional, read the Center Pivot Lateral Move report, found under
Publications underneath.

·        
Subsurface Drip (SSD)
irrigation: SSD irrigation systems require a
huge capital speculation making dependable of water supply an essential
thought. SSD frameworks for the most part work at bring down weight than other
water system frameworks, decreasing vitality costs. SSD frameworks accomplish
high WUE when worked accurately. For additional, read the dribble water system
contextual analysis, found under Publications beneath.

·        
Bankless channels:
Bankless irrigation systems expel the requirement for siphons, essentially
diminishing work prerequisites. Bankless frameworks additionally result in
better machine effectiveness. Basic plan shifts, yet by and large includes high
stream rates with all wrinkles in each cove watered without a moment’s delay.
In any case, there is no confirmation that WUE is moved forward. For
additional, read the CottonInfo bankless channels truth sheet, found under
Publications underneath.

 

Irrigation scheduling:

Irrigation
scheduling refers to the timing and volume of water application to a yield.
Great booking should take care of the plants’ water demand and ought to avert
over or under water system with the goal that adjusted development is
accomplished.

Storage design &
maintenance:

Effective
storage design, management and location inside a water system operation can
limit dissipation and drainage misfortunes. Stockpiles and channels require
customary support to guarantee proficient operation, including visual
examination for breaks and leakage. Misfortunes from stockpiles ought to be
measured and checked to guarantee early ID of issues that may require
enhancement.

Checklist:

·        
Keep records (volumes
of water provided to the homestead, volumes of water reaped, precipitation,
stockpiling volumes and soil dampness) to analyze ebb and flow water system
execution, enhance cultivate water administration and for water planning.

·        
Monitor the climate
conditions and gauges, the plant and the dirt to help plan water systems to
meet harvest water prerequisites and maintain a strategic distance from plant
push.

·        
Regularly keep up stockpiles
and channels to guarantee proficient operation, including visual review for
holes and drainage

·        
Storages ought to be
studied to check limit against unique outline and an exact profundity volume
alignment bend delivered with the goal that capacity volumes can be precisely
measured.

·        
Reduce profound waste
and related saltiness and rising groundwater chance in early season water
systems by limiting the time accessible for invasion – get water on and off
rapidly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q2.
Your company is committed to protect, respect and remedy Framework of UN
Principles on Business and Human Rights. The Head of manufacturing at M/s Fine
fabrics Ltd wants to partner with the supply chain in generating similar Human
Rights commitments across their businesses, which are mostly midsized. He wants
your guidance on how to convince these vendors to buy in into this voluntarily.
Develop a business case and a broad plan that your Head Manufacturing can use
to convince the vendor businesses to come on board and adopt UN Principles for
Businesses & Human Rights.

Ans:

UN
Special Representative John Ruggie
proposed a framework on business & human rights to the UN Human Rights
Council in June 2008, resting on three pillars:

·        
The state duty to
protect against human rights abuses by third parties, including business;

·        
The corporate
responsibility to respect human rights; and

·        
Greater access by
victims to effective remedy, both judicial and non-judicial.

The State Duty to
Protect

The
Guiding Principles confirm that under existing universal human rights law,
States have the obligation to ensure against human rights manhandle by all
performers in the public arena, including organizations. This implies States
must avoid, explore, rebuff and change human rights mishandle that happen in
household business operations. Moreover, The Guiding Principles prescribe that
States set clear desires that organizations domiciled in their domain/ward
regard human rights in each nation and setting in which they work.

The
Guiding Principles incorporate operational arrangements that prescribe solid
activities for States to meet their obligation to ensure human rights with
regards to business operations. This incorporates authorizing and implementing
laws that expect organizations to regard human rights; making an administrative
situation that encourages business regard for human rights; and giving
direction to organizations on their obligations. The Guiding Principles
likewise stipulate that States ought to guarantee that approaches are lucid
crosswise over divisions and capacities, and that their interest in
multilateral organizations is lined up with their human rights commitments.

The
human rights commitments of States, from giving security to conveying
utilities, are not voided when such capacities are completed by state-claimed
or private business undertakings. As struggle influenced zones represent an
uplifted danger of gross human rights mishandle, including by organizations,
the Guiding Principles stipulate that States (home and host) ought to give
direction, help and authorization systems to guarantee that business ventures
are not included with such misuse in strife influenced zones.

The Corporate
Responsibility to Respect

The
Guiding Principles clarify what is anticipated from business undertakings as to
human rights and layout the procedure through which organizations can
distinguish their negative human rights impacts and exhibit that their
arrangements and techniques are satisfactory to address them.

The
Guiding Principles certify that business endeavors must avoid, alleviate and,
where proper, cure human rights manhandle that they cause or add to.
Organizations must try to avoid or alleviate any unfriendly effects identified
with their operations, items or administrations, regardless of the possibility
that these effects have been completed by providers or business accomplices.

The
obligation to regard applies to all globally perceived human rights
communicated in the International Bill of Human Rights and the International
Labor Organization Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. In
spite of the fact that the moves organizations need to make to meet the
obligation to regard will rely upon their scale or multifaceted nature, the
duty itself applies to all organizations paying little respect to size, part or
area.

To
meet the duty to regard, business ventures must have the important approaches
and procedures set up. The Guiding Principles recognize three parts of this
obligation. To start with, organizations must establishment a strategy sense of
duty regarding meet the obligation to regard human rights. Second, they should
embrace progressing human rights due industriousness to distinguish, avert,
alleviate and represent their human rights impacts. At last, they should have
forms set up to empower remediation for any unfavorable human rights impacts
they cause or add to.

Human
rights due determination alludes to the way toward recognizing and tending to
the human rights effects of a business venture over its operations and items,
and all through its provider and business accomplice systems. Human rights due
perseverance ought to incorporate appraisals of inside methods and frameworks,
and in addition outside engagement with bunches conceivably influenced by its
operations.

The
Guiding Principles express that organizations ought to incorporate the
discoveries of their human rights due perseverance forms into strategies and
systems at the suitable level, with assets and expert allocated as needs be.
Organizations ought to check that this goal is accomplished by always observing
and assessing their endeavors. At last, organizations ought to be set up to
convey how they address their human rights impacts, including to those
gatherings destined to be influenced. Where organizations distinguish that they
have caused or added to antagonistic effects, they ought to collaborate in
remediation through real procedures.

Access to Remedy

One
of the central standards of the universal human rights framework is that when a
privilege is abused, casualties must approach a viable cure. The Guiding
Principles insist that the State obligation to secure rights incorporates
guaranteeing that when human rights are disregarded by organizations inside
their domain and additionally locale, the State must guarantee access to a
compelling solution for those influenced.

The
state obligation to give access to powerful cure incorporates finding a way to
guarantee that State-based household legal instruments can adequately address
business-related human rights mishandle, and don’t erect obstructions, (for
example, regulatory expenses or absence of dialect translators) that keep
casualties from showing their cases. It doesn’t just imply that nations should
brace their court frameworks. States ought to likewise give compelling and
fitting non-legal grievance instruments with the ability to hear and arbitrate
business-related human rights dissensions as a component of an exhaustive
State-based framework for cure.

The
entrance to cure standards don’t just apply to States. They additionally
stipulate that business endeavors ought to accommodate, or partake in,
compelling components for handling and tending to grievances from people and
groups who might be antagonistically affected by the organization’s operations.
They additionally keep up that multistakeholder and other shared activities in
view of human rights-related benchmarks can likewise add to giving successful
access to cure.

The
Guiding Principles set out a rundown of adequacy criteria for state-or organization
based non-legal grievance components. These criteria stipulate that compelling
grievance systems ought to be honest to goodness, available, unsurprising,
impartial, straightforward and rights-perfect. Basically, they should give
certifiable solutions for casualties of human rights infringement by
organizations and must not add up to correspondences or political activities.
Operational-level instruments ought to be founded on engagement and exchange
with the partner bunches whose rights they try to cure.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q3A.
Carbon Offset is one mechanism used to reduce the carbon footprints of a
business. Suggest to your CEO at Fine Fabrics Ltd two concrete ways in which
Fine Fabrics can reduce its carbon footprints, develop a convincing business
benefit argument around each of the suggestion.

Ans:

Two ways in which Fine
Fabrics Ltd can reduce its carbon footprints

1. Create new green
paradigm the textile industry needs to adopt 3R Concept, i.e. Reduce, Reuse and
Recycle:

Reduce:
Low carbon foot print forms cut expenses by lessening misuse of crude materials
and vitality. Water and vitality use decreases by the material coloring and
completing part can help lessen worldwide carbon dioxide discharges. By sparing
vitality and water, the material business can spare a considerable measure of
cash, as well as help to back off environmental change.

Reuse:
Effluents of chemically treated materials are released in water. Treatment of
wastewater acquired from artificially treated materials is an unquestionable
requirement. Utilization of chrome severe coloring and constraining the outflow
of copper, chromium and nickel into water diminishes polluting influences in
colors and shades. Utilizing coloring bearers with high chlorine substance
ought to be avoided. Amid the way toward blanching, elective specialists that
are less or not perilous can be utilized.

Households
currently throw out 1.17 million tons of materials every year, the greater part
of it garments, which could be reused or reused. It’s subsequently essential,
regardless of whether as originators, retailers or purchasers, that we start to
handle some of these issues that have been featured today.

Recycle:
The textile and apparel industry should more use reused filaments. The
ecological effect of reusing exhausted polyester or cotton squander into new
polyester or cotton fiber individually, for example, is fundamentally lower
than making that same fiber another. An extensive variety of imaginative,
maintainable attire can be produced using reused materials. We should deal with
the approaches to battle ‘quick mold’ and to diminish its negative natural
effect as the issues of material reusing, shabby garments or “disposable
form’ influences every one of us.

2. Educate Consumers to
Change Attitude: Consumer education about the
gigantic carbon impression standard materials have and to encourage move buyers
to change their propensities is an unquestionable requirement. It additionally
helps with changing shopper mentalities. Their slant towards “natural
textures” not just texture produced using natural strands;
eco-accommodating filaments, not cotton or synthetics; limiting buy of textures
that are mixes of regular and engineered filaments (i.e., cotton and
polyester), or mixes of at least two distinctive manufactured strands
(polyester and acrylic), on the grounds that there is no expectation of reusing
these textures at the present time; Search for a texture or item that is
affirmed by any outsider, autonomous material affirmation office – GOTS, SMART,
C2C, and so forth.; focusing on the carbon impression of the textures they
purchase; Keeping themselves instructed on the advance of the eco-material
group – are few of the means that will genuinely lessen carbon impression of
material and attire industry. To keep up and develop their client base of this
new era of ecological and morally mindful shoppers, retailers specifically are
driving supportability prerequisites withdraw their worldwide supply chains.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q3B.
An NGO has approached the CEO of M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd requesting funding for a
project on cotton fabric based Traditional Crafts making workshop for girls
& women from weaker socio economic background. Your company falls under the
criteria of 2% spend on CSR as per Companies Act 2013. Your CEO thinks this
project can be funded but wants you to do the due diligence of the NGO. Prepare
a questionnaire with at least 5/five questions that you think your company
should ask and receive answers to before agreeing to fund the project/ partner
in the project.

Ans:

However,
giving monetarily to a philanthropy or non-benefit associations (NGOs) is
unquestionably a honorable motivation that providing for others can influence
me to feel an inward force and make an enhanced feeling of prosperity, did we
ever believe that whether our cash will right philanthropy association or the
non-legislative association (NGO) implies one is giving to be honest to
goodness.

Questionnaire before
donation to the NGO:

1. What is the mission
of the organization to whom we are donating?

While
giving to a beneficent association or non-benefit gathering, assess the
association’s central goal, projects and administrations to decide whether they
are lined up with your own charitable motivation. In view of, various
philanthropies may have diverse missions regardless of the possibility that
they are chipping away at a similar reason. You should go for philanthropy’s
site where they ought to plainly clarify the association’s objectives, how it
intends to achieve them and its past outcomes. You may likewise check the NGO’s
enlistment and the reason they claim to help.

2. We should ask the
NGO for its financial statements and annual report?

This
is very important, given that numerous associations raise subsidizes
enthusiastically. They hold visit pledge drives, and the cash perpetually goes
into an enlarged corpus finance. A sound corpus is critical, yet not at the
cost of disregarding todays issues. On the off chance that your cash is going
into the corpus, make a request to see the association’s financials on a
not-for-profit’s advantages, liabilities, stores, costs and income sources. As
a giver, you can approach the NGO for its money related articulations and
yearly report.

3. Does Charity meet
Credibility Alliance norms?

Validity
Alliance characterizes itself as a consortium of intentional associations
conferred towards upgrading responsibility and straightforwardness in the
willful segment through great administration. It is the non-benefit areas
likeness Sebi posting standards.

4. What is the impact
of the charity work and how our money has helped achieve?

You
would obviously need to realize what your cash has accomplished. On the off
chance that the association you’re exploring doesn’t get cost of raising money
on its site, don’t be hesitant to call and request information, regardless of
the possibility that your gift is moderately humble.

5. Are the Donations
deductible?

Another
good way to assess due-ingenuity of NGOs, they ought to have the capacity to
give you a receipt with a 80G enrollment number that is as of now legitimate
while check the legitimacy of the 80G endorsement. This qualifies you for
deduct 50 for every penny of your gift from your assessable salary. A few
philanthropies offer higher findings. With a 100 for every penny conclusion,
you can stand to give one away third more to the philanthropy with a similar
net outgo from your pocket. In any case, the association’s duty excluded status
does not really demonstrate that the philanthropy association or the
non-administrative association (NGO) one is giving to is certifiable. Here,
validity would imply that the philanthropy ought to have an obviously expressed
social target, does its operations at any rate cost and embraces best practices
and large amounts of administration and honesty.