Caselet:Roughly 20 pieces of clothing per person are manufactured each year.
Growth of the multi-trillion-dollar apparel industry has been fed by “fastfashion,” which makes clothing cheaply and quickly with a low price-tag.Fast-changing trends and low prices have allowed people to consume more. Theaverage consumer is now purchasing 60 percent more items of clothing comparedto 2000 Cotton is the most common natural fibre used to make clothing,accounting for about 33 percent of all fibres found in textiles. Cotton is alsoa very thirsty crop, requiring 2,700 liters of water—what one person drinks intwo-and-a-half years—to make one cotton shirt. In areas already facing waterstress, cotton production can be particularly damaging. In Central Asia, forinstance, the Aral Sea has nearly disappeared because cotton farmers drawexcessively from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers.
Cotton farming is alsoresponsible for 24 percent of insecticides and 11 percent of pesticides despiteusing about 3 percent of the world’s arable land.The carbon footprint of a garment largely depends on the material.While synthetic fibres like polyester have less impact on water and land thangrown materials like cotton, they emit more greenhouse gasses per kilogram.*(Source, National Geographic & WRI)M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd, a listed company, manufactures cotton fabricand its multiple blended variants as per customer/client demands.
Customers/clients include fashion houses, designers and large clothingmanufacturers across Asia & Europe. You are the Head of CSR with thecompany.Q1. As Head of CSR you have been asked to come up with a detailedplan to sensitize your employees on water as a critical resource and alsoinitiate setting up of an innovation driven cell/campaign for saving water.Design and develop a strategic plan/roadmap involving sensitization of 100+employees as well as setting up of the Water innovation cell/campaign withSMART goals/outcomes for M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd.
Please be very specific andrelevant to the company.Ans:Cotton: the ThirstyCropCottonis one of the most important fiber crops assuming a noteworthy part in monetaryand get-togethers of the world. It is a tremendously imperative and noteworthyyield. It is most established among the business products of the world. Cottonis the lord of strands, normally alluded as white gold. It is the mostgenerally utilized common fiber in dress and materials, and around 20 milliontons of cotton is delivered every year in 90 nations Howeverthe fate of cotton – one of the world’s thirstiest yields – is in danger andcountenances huge manageability challenges. Cotton represents a substantialextent of the worldwide water utilization utilized for trim generation, with1kg of cotton requiring an immense 10,000 liters of water.
Theprinciple challenge going up against water administration in horticulture is toenhance water utilize proficiency and its manageability. This can beaccomplished through I. An expansion in editwater profitability (an expanded in attractive harvest yield per unit of waterunfolded) through water system, II. A lessening in watermisfortunes through soil vanishing that could somehow or another be utilized byplants for their development, and III. An expansion in soilwater stockpiling inside the plant establishing zone through better soil andwater administration rehearses at homestead and zone wide (catchment) scales.
Otherthan this, arrangement for defensive/supplemental water system, selection ofsuitable soil and water preservation including water reaping measures andpresentation of miniaturized scale water system with fustigation whereverpossible, are a portion of the logical measures for water supervisors thatwould grow real estate under cotton by enlarging the two its generation andefficiency.Strategic Waterinnovation campaign for M/s Fine Fabrics LtdWater use efficiency: WaterUse Efficiency (WUE) is a term that is usually used to portray the connectionbetween generation (eg. bunches of cotton) and the water contribution tomegalitres used to develop the product. It is additionally used to depict theproficiency of water conveyance, application and utilize. Diminishing watermisfortunes while augmenting crop yields will build WUE, enhancing completehomestead gainfulness. Making an entire homestead water administration designand actualizing a water spending plan are essential to enhancing WUE.Water budgeting:Awater budget is utilized to decide how best to utilize the accessible waterasset, where the accessibility of the asset may differ fundamentally amid theseason because of precipitation. The water spending plan decides the range ofproduct to be planted given the water assets accessible toward the start of theseason.
The monetary allowance likewise ascertains how to utilize trimcontributions amid the season as water accessibility changes (counting decidingwhen to furrow out yields because of deficient water accessibility).Irrigation systemdesign:Thedesign layout of fields, stockpiles and channels are a noteworthy impact oncultivate WUE. There are four water system framework plans, with wrinkle watersystem being the fundamental one use in cotton. Elective frameworks can lessenwork costs and take into account more exact water application, howeverframeworks must be outlined, introduced and overseen accurately to boost WUE.· Furrow irrigation:Over the bank siphon/wrinkle water system is appropriate to splitting mudcotton soils, with completely streamlined siphon frameworks accomplishingexecution levels like overhead frameworks. Little changes in administration mayexpand WUE fundamentally: water system stream rates and cut off circumstancesought to be figured out how to amplify application proficiency and dispersionconsistency, which will decrease overflow, profound waste and loss ofsupplements. For additional, read the CottonInfo wrinkle water system actualitysheet, found under Publications underneath.
· Centre Pivot LateralMove (CPLM): CPLM systems can apply littlemeasures of water at every application, taking into account more incessantwater systems to take care of harvest water demand. These frameworks candecrease work necessities, however on-going vitality expenses will be higherthan surface frameworks and ought to be precisely considered in any speculationchoice. For additional, read the Center Pivot Lateral Move report, found underPublications underneath.· Subsurface Drip (SSD)irrigation: SSD irrigation systems require ahuge capital speculation making dependable of water supply an essentialthought. SSD frameworks for the most part work at bring down weight than otherwater system frameworks, decreasing vitality costs. SSD frameworks accomplishhigh WUE when worked accurately.
For additional, read the dribble water systemcontextual analysis, found under Publications beneath.· Bankless channels:Bankless irrigation systems expel the requirement for siphons, essentiallydiminishing work prerequisites. Bankless frameworks additionally result inbetter machine effectiveness.
Basic plan shifts, yet by and large includes highstream rates with all wrinkles in each cove watered without a moment’s delay.In any case, there is no confirmation that WUE is moved forward. Foradditional, read the CottonInfo bankless channels truth sheet, found underPublications underneath. Irrigation scheduling: Irrigationscheduling refers to the timing and volume of water application to a yield.
Great booking should take care of the plants’ water demand and ought to avertover or under water system with the goal that adjusted development isaccomplished.Storage design &maintenance:Effectivestorage design, management and location inside a water system operation canlimit dissipation and drainage misfortunes. Stockpiles and channels requirecustomary support to guarantee proficient operation, including visualexamination for breaks and leakage. Misfortunes from stockpiles ought to bemeasured and checked to guarantee early ID of issues that may requireenhancement.Checklist:· Keep records (volumesof water provided to the homestead, volumes of water reaped, precipitation,stockpiling volumes and soil dampness) to analyze ebb and flow water systemexecution, enhance cultivate water administration and for water planning. · Monitor the climateconditions and gauges, the plant and the dirt to help plan water systems tomeet harvest water prerequisites and maintain a strategic distance from plantpush. · Regularly keep up stockpilesand channels to guarantee proficient operation, including visual review forholes and drainage · Storages ought to bestudied to check limit against unique outline and an exact profundity volumealignment bend delivered with the goal that capacity volumes can be preciselymeasured.
· Reduce profound wasteand related saltiness and rising groundwater chance in early season watersystems by limiting the time accessible for invasion – get water on and offrapidly. Q2.Your company is committed to protect, respect and remedy Framework of UNPrinciples on Business and Human Rights. The Head of manufacturing at M/s Finefabrics Ltd wants to partner with the supply chain in generating similar HumanRights commitments across their businesses, which are mostly midsized. He wantsyour guidance on how to convince these vendors to buy in into this voluntarily.Develop a business case and a broad plan that your Head Manufacturing can useto convince the vendor businesses to come on board and adopt UN Principles forBusinesses & Human Rights.Ans:UNSpecial Representative John Ruggieproposed a framework on business & human rights to the UN Human RightsCouncil in June 2008, resting on three pillars:· The state duty toprotect against human rights abuses by third parties, including business;· The corporateresponsibility to respect human rights; and· Greater access byvictims to effective remedy, both judicial and non-judicial.The State Duty toProtectTheGuiding Principles confirm that under existing universal human rights law,States have the obligation to ensure against human rights manhandle by allperformers in the public arena, including organizations.
This implies Statesmust avoid, explore, rebuff and change human rights mishandle that happen inhousehold business operations. Moreover, The Guiding Principles prescribe thatStates set clear desires that organizations domiciled in their domain/wardregard human rights in each nation and setting in which they work. TheGuiding Principles incorporate operational arrangements that prescribe solidactivities for States to meet their obligation to ensure human rights withregards to business operations. This incorporates authorizing and implementinglaws that expect organizations to regard human rights; making an administrativesituation that encourages business regard for human rights; and givingdirection to organizations on their obligations. The Guiding Principleslikewise stipulate that States ought to guarantee that approaches are lucidcrosswise over divisions and capacities, and that their interest inmultilateral organizations is lined up with their human rights commitments. Thehuman rights commitments of States, from giving security to conveyingutilities, are not voided when such capacities are completed by state-claimedor private business undertakings. As struggle influenced zones represent anuplifted danger of gross human rights mishandle, including by organizations,the Guiding Principles stipulate that States (home and host) ought to givedirection, help and authorization systems to guarantee that business venturesare not included with such misuse in strife influenced zones.
The CorporateResponsibility to RespectTheGuiding Principles clarify what is anticipated from business undertakings as tohuman rights and layout the procedure through which organizations candistinguish their negative human rights impacts and exhibit that theirarrangements and techniques are satisfactory to address them. TheGuiding Principles certify that business endeavors must avoid, alleviate and,where proper, cure human rights manhandle that they cause or add to.Organizations must try to avoid or alleviate any unfriendly effects identifiedwith their operations, items or administrations, regardless of the possibilitythat these effects have been completed by providers or business accomplices. Theobligation to regard applies to all globally perceived human rightscommunicated in the International Bill of Human Rights and the InternationalLabor Organization Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Inspite of the fact that the moves organizations need to make to meet theobligation to regard will rely upon their scale or multifaceted nature, theduty itself applies to all organizations paying little respect to size, part orarea. Tomeet the duty to regard, business ventures must have the important approachesand procedures set up.
The Guiding Principles recognize three parts of thisobligation. To start with, organizations must establishment a strategy sense ofduty regarding meet the obligation to regard human rights. Second, they shouldembrace progressing human rights due industriousness to distinguish, avert,alleviate and represent their human rights impacts. At last, they should haveforms set up to empower remediation for any unfavorable human rights impactsthey cause or add to. Humanrights due determination alludes to the way toward recognizing and tending tothe human rights effects of a business venture over its operations and items,and all through its provider and business accomplice systems. Human rights dueperseverance ought to incorporate appraisals of inside methods and frameworks,and in addition outside engagement with bunches conceivably influenced by itsoperations. TheGuiding Principles express that organizations ought to incorporate thediscoveries of their human rights due perseverance forms into strategies andsystems at the suitable level, with assets and expert allocated as needs be.
Organizations ought to check that this goal is accomplished by always observingand assessing their endeavors. At last, organizations ought to be set up toconvey how they address their human rights impacts, including to thosegatherings destined to be influenced. Where organizations distinguish that theyhave caused or added to antagonistic effects, they ought to collaborate inremediation through real procedures.Access to RemedyOneof the central standards of the universal human rights framework is that when aprivilege is abused, casualties must approach a viable cure. The GuidingPrinciples insist that the State obligation to secure rights incorporatesguaranteeing that when human rights are disregarded by organizations insidetheir domain and additionally locale, the State must guarantee access to acompelling solution for those influenced. Thestate obligation to give access to powerful cure incorporates finding a way toguarantee that State-based household legal instruments can adequately addressbusiness-related human rights mishandle, and don’t erect obstructions, (forexample, regulatory expenses or absence of dialect translators) that keepcasualties from showing their cases.
It doesn’t just imply that nations shouldbrace their court frameworks. States ought to likewise give compelling andfitting non-legal grievance instruments with the ability to hear and arbitratebusiness-related human rights dissensions as a component of an exhaustiveState-based framework for cure. Theentrance to cure standards don’t just apply to States. They additionallystipulate that business endeavors ought to accommodate, or partake in,compelling components for handling and tending to grievances from people andgroups who might be antagonistically affected by the organization’s operations.They additionally keep up that multistakeholder and other shared activities inview of human rights-related benchmarks can likewise add to giving successfulaccess to cure. TheGuiding Principles set out a rundown of adequacy criteria for state-or organizationbased non-legal grievance components. These criteria stipulate that compellinggrievance systems ought to be honest to goodness, available, unsurprising,impartial, straightforward and rights-perfect.
Basically, they should givecertifiable solutions for casualties of human rights infringement byorganizations and must not add up to correspondences or political activities.Operational-level instruments ought to be founded on engagement and exchangewith the partner bunches whose rights they try to cure. Q3A.Carbon Offset is one mechanism used to reduce the carbon footprints of abusiness. Suggest to your CEO at Fine Fabrics Ltd two concrete ways in whichFine Fabrics can reduce its carbon footprints, develop a convincing businessbenefit argument around each of the suggestion.Ans:Two ways in which FineFabrics Ltd can reduce its carbon footprints1.
Create new greenparadigm the textile industry needs to adopt 3R Concept, i.e. Reduce, Reuse andRecycle:Reduce:Low carbon foot print forms cut expenses by lessening misuse of crude materialsand vitality. Water and vitality use decreases by the material coloring andcompleting part can help lessen worldwide carbon dioxide discharges. By sparingvitality and water, the material business can spare a considerable measure ofcash, as well as help to back off environmental change.
Reuse:Effluents of chemically treated materials are released in water. Treatment ofwastewater acquired from artificially treated materials is an unquestionablerequirement. Utilization of chrome severe coloring and constraining the outflowof copper, chromium and nickel into water diminishes polluting influences incolors and shades. Utilizing coloring bearers with high chlorine substanceought to be avoided.
Amid the way toward blanching, elective specialists thatare less or not perilous can be utilized.Householdscurrently throw out 1.17 million tons of materials every year, the greater partof it garments, which could be reused or reused.
It’s subsequently essential,regardless of whether as originators, retailers or purchasers, that we start tohandle some of these issues that have been featured today.Recycle:The textile and apparel industry should more use reused filaments. Theecological effect of reusing exhausted polyester or cotton squander into newpolyester or cotton fiber individually, for example, is fundamentally lowerthan making that same fiber another.
An extensive variety of imaginative,maintainable attire can be produced using reused materials. We should deal withthe approaches to battle ‘quick mold’ and to diminish its negative naturaleffect as the issues of material reusing, shabby garments or “disposableform’ influences every one of us.2. Educate Consumers toChange Attitude: Consumer education about thegigantic carbon impression standard materials have and to encourage move buyersto change their propensities is an unquestionable requirement. It additionallyhelps with changing shopper mentalities. Their slant towards “naturaltextures” not just texture produced using natural strands;eco-accommodating filaments, not cotton or synthetics; limiting buy of texturesthat are mixes of regular and engineered filaments (i.e.
, cotton andpolyester), or mixes of at least two distinctive manufactured strands(polyester and acrylic), on the grounds that there is no expectation of reusingthese textures at the present time; Search for a texture or item that isaffirmed by any outsider, autonomous material affirmation office – GOTS, SMART,C2C, and so forth.; focusing on the carbon impression of the textures theypurchase; Keeping themselves instructed on the advance of the eco-materialgroup – are few of the means that will genuinely lessen carbon impression ofmaterial and attire industry. To keep up and develop their client base of thisnew era of ecological and morally mindful shoppers, retailers specifically aredriving supportability prerequisites withdraw their worldwide supply chains. Q3B.An NGO has approached the CEO of M/s Fine Fabrics Ltd requesting funding for aproject on cotton fabric based Traditional Crafts making workshop for girls& women from weaker socio economic background. Your company falls under thecriteria of 2% spend on CSR as per Companies Act 2013.
Your CEO thinks thisproject can be funded but wants you to do the due diligence of the NGO. Preparea questionnaire with at least 5/five questions that you think your companyshould ask and receive answers to before agreeing to fund the project/ partnerin the project.Ans:However,giving monetarily to a philanthropy or non-benefit associations (NGOs) isunquestionably a honorable motivation that providing for others can influenceme to feel an inward force and make an enhanced feeling of prosperity, did weever believe that whether our cash will right philanthropy association or thenon-legislative association (NGO) implies one is giving to be honest togoodness.
Questionnaire beforedonation to the NGO:1. What is the missionof the organization to whom we are donating?Whilegiving to a beneficent association or non-benefit gathering, assess theassociation’s central goal, projects and administrations to decide whether theyare lined up with your own charitable motivation. In view of, variousphilanthropies may have diverse missions regardless of the possibility thatthey are chipping away at a similar reason. You should go for philanthropy’ssite where they ought to plainly clarify the association’s objectives, how itintends to achieve them and its past outcomes. You may likewise check the NGO’senlistment and the reason they claim to help.2.
We should ask theNGO for its financial statements and annual report?Thisis very important, given that numerous associations raise subsidizesenthusiastically. They hold visit pledge drives, and the cash perpetually goesinto an enlarged corpus finance. A sound corpus is critical, yet not at thecost of disregarding todays issues. On the off chance that your cash is goinginto the corpus, make a request to see the association’s financials on anot-for-profit’s advantages, liabilities, stores, costs and income sources. Asa giver, you can approach the NGO for its money related articulations andyearly report.
3. Does Charity meetCredibility Alliance norms?ValidityAlliance characterizes itself as a consortium of intentional associationsconferred towards upgrading responsibility and straightforwardness in thewillful segment through great administration. It is the non-benefit areaslikeness Sebi posting standards.4.
What is the impactof the charity work and how our money has helped achieve?Youwould obviously need to realize what your cash has accomplished. On the offchance that the association you’re exploring doesn’t get cost of raising moneyon its site, don’t be hesitant to call and request information, regardless ofthe possibility that your gift is moderately humble.5. Are the Donationsdeductible?Anothergood way to assess due-ingenuity of NGOs, they ought to have the capacity togive you a receipt with a 80G enrollment number that is as of now legitimatewhile check the legitimacy of the 80G endorsement.
This qualifies you fordeduct 50 for every penny of your gift from your assessable salary. A fewphilanthropies offer higher findings. With a 100 for every penny conclusion,you can stand to give one away third more to the philanthropy with a similarnet outgo from your pocket. In any case, the association’s duty excluded statusdoes not really demonstrate that the philanthropy association or thenon-administrative association (NGO) one is giving to is certifiable. Here,validity would imply that the philanthropy ought to have an obviously expressedsocial target, does its operations at any rate cost and embraces best practicesand large amounts of administration and honesty.