CHAPTER II: CULTURAL DIVERSITY “Diversityis the one true thing we have in common.
Celebrateit everyday” —AnonymousWorldis like a garden brimmed with various kinds of alluring flowers (ethnicgroups). Everything belongs to one garden, it doesn’t mean everything is same; everythinghas its own unique quality within them i.e. everything is divergent in nature.Same way human beings are same as a species, but they diverse in colour,personality, physical appearance and most importantly culture.
Cultural diversity cannot be explained in a single term,it can only by complexly measured generalization of an individual, group,family or community within a society based on the race, language, dress,gender, sexuality, food and drug use, religion, traditions and local patrioticsporting, nurturing or hunting affiliation. Cultural diversity makes every country richer by makingit most interesting place in which we live. Plurality of culture plays a vitalrole in dress, food, religion and the way of living of people in Nationalculture. India is the perfect instance; in India we prefer western wears whichare much more comfortable than our traditional wears. We use pants, shirts, skimpynighties and even foot wears.Foodhabit plays a vital role in every country. Food habit of people differs fromeach other according to their climatic and body condition. Even though theimmigrants, migrants from different parts of the world accepts the food of thehost nation some prefer their customary food.
But now both the Indian immigrants in US and the Indian citizens enticetowards the western food habits. Now in India we make our food much moredelicious by adding Mexican, Chinese, Japanese, Italian, German, French andAmerican food and its flavours. For the past few decades the Americanrestaurants like Dominos, McDonald’s, KFC and Pizza Hut sprouts every nook andcorner of the world and providing all junk and western food. Those restaurantscreate a complete reformation in the food habit of other nation. The taste budsof Indians too stick to the flavours of them. People of different nation attempts to fix their roots inany place wherever they go they adapts its climate, food, culture, values andpolitical policies. Cross-border population flows through migration andimmigration, this leads to increase diversity in societies. This diversity orplurality often refers to the existence of disparity of behavior, traditionsand customs.
According to the US census bureau, the 2009 population in Americawas:· 80% White· 16% Hispanic or Latino Origin (may be ofany race)· 13% African American· 5% Asian· 1% American Indian/ Alaskan Native· 0.2% Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander There are many ethnicgroups in US, due in large part to its immigrant population; each of thesegroups contributes to America’s cultural heritage. From African Americans toRussian Americans, the US is one of the most diverse nations in terms ofculture.InChandrakant Yatanoor’s India’sContribution to American Heritage, he illustrates that cities like NewYork, Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay areas has the largestconcentration of Indian immigrants.
Each city has more over 150,000 residentsof Indians. Among other cities New York has the largest of about 250,000Indians. Indians settle in different cities as, large office going people, somesprout up everywhere to sell saris, every fifth doctor, every third computerexpert, every fifth engineer and motel owner are Indians. Informationtechnology has its firm root in California. It has the greatest population ofIndian millionaires than anywhere else. Being the brainy people Indians hasumpteen numbers of opportunities in US.