Chapter 1Introduction Nowadays, people are so dependent on electronic devices. Peoplecannot live without these devices because it helps them live in an easier way.Observing from what the people in the society do today, most houses even the small one haveelectronic devices.
Electronics have a lot of advantages and disadvantages.People in the community only know just one side of electronics which is how itcan benefit them. They do not realize that being surrounded by these devicescan affect them in terms of health. This study aims to show what is the mostcommon used electronic devices at home and to know what are the effects ofthese on the individuals. According to English-Definition Collins Dictionary, Electronic isused to refer to equipment, such as television sets, computers, etc. , in whichthe current is controlled by transistors, valves, and similar components andalso to the components themselves. Electronic devices can make people going through with their daily livesbut behind those easy way that these devices can give is the risk of one’shealth from exposing their body on these devices. This study have an objective onknowing what are the possible effects that an individual can get from too muchusing of electronic appliances.
So that it might be a help for the people inthe society who are victims of unknowing the impact that electronics can giveto them in terms of health. Statement of the Problem This study aimed to identify the most common used electronicdevices at home and to know the effects of it towards human in terms of health.Specifically, this study will answer the following question:a.) What is electronic?b.
) What are the most common used electronicdevices at home?c.) Why people used electronic devices?d.) How much time people spend on usingelectronic devices?e.) How will they feel after spending toomuch time on electronic devices? Significance of the StudyThis study will be a great help andwill be very beneficial to students, parents, school administrators and futureresearchers.Students. This study will helpstudents to become aware of the effects of too much exposure and usingelectronic devices that will be able them to restrain themselves on thesedevices. Parents.This study will help parents become aware of the increase of children whouses electronic devices that causes them to have a poor health and also tolimit their selves also on using such devices when they are with theirchildren because the child might follow them.
SchoolAdministrators. This study will help implement plans and solutions to helpstudents to minimize using electronic devices and it will enable them tounderstand why students become weak or will become aggressive. FutureResearcher. This study will help future researchers by making this study astheir reference guide. They will be able to use the facts from this study forthem to get ideas and references if they plan to conduct the same study. Scope and Delimitations of the Study This study focused on andwas limited only to the most common used electronic devices at home mostly to the electronic device users living on it. This study was conducted atBrgy.
Jibolo, Janiuay, Iloilo wherein 50 houses were be given a surveyquestionnaire as participants of the study. The participants were the onesidentified as the ones who are always using electronic devices. This study is done from November2017 to February 2018. Chapter 2Review of Related Literature The review related literature consists of three parts: (1) Impactsof Electronic Appliances or Devices on Children, (2) How Electronic Devices or Appliances Affects Human Health, and (3) Effectsof Electronic Devices or Appliances Towards Human in Terms of HealthPart One, Impacts of Electronic Appliances or Devices on Children, explains the positive andnegative impacts electronics can give to children. Part Two, How Electronic Devices or Appliances Affects Human Health,discusses how can electronics affect one’s health and the reason behind ofhaving a health problem after using these devices or appliances.Part Three, Effects of Electronic Devices or Appliances Towards Human in Termsof Health, shows the negative effects electronics can give on human health. Impacts of Electronic Appliances or Devices on Children According to Yap Bee Lee(2015), electronic appliances or devices can be useful but at the same timethey can also be harmful if they are over-used.
Electronic appliances ordevices help the children more active in terms of senses and imagination. Ithelps them develop their ability to listen, speech, and learning sounds. Playinggames through these devices can build the child’s cognitive learning anddevelop their analytical skills – innovative thinkingand investigation skills, strategic thinking, and creativity. Moreover, child’smanual dexterity may improve and their computer literacy may develop by usingcomputers at the same time it boost their self-esteem and develops their selfhow to focus. Through the games they played, the mathematical and engineeringskills are develop also their motivation to succeed in their goals.
Onthe other hand, Kaiser Family Foundation found out on the result of theirsurvey that children give more than seven hours per day on using electronicappliances or devices. In addition, the result of their survey says thatchildren are expert on using electronics but do not know how to tie the shoelace of their own shoes. Spending time on the devices or appliances mayconstrain some outdoor activities with their family and friends. Playingviolent games on these devices for a long period of time leads them to be moreaggressive that causes them to challenge their teachers, friends, family, andrelatives. Additionally, children have a difficulty on concentrating on theirstudies because of excessive computer exposure that it become addictive. Therefore,being addict on electronic devices such as computers, mobile phones, etc. canlead to a sedentary lifestyle, poor health, time management, and eating habits(Lee, 2015).
How Electronic Devices or Appliances Affects Human Health According to Selvarajah Krishnan, AizatZakaria, Faiz Khalil, and Syahmi Jofree (2017) on their study “The Effect of Electronic Device on Human Health”,electronic devices or appliances help human goingthrough their daily life but still it can also gives a bad impact on humanhealth. They have several reasons and research written why electronics affectshuman health. First is thebrightness of electronic device itself. Its brightness can affect the eyesespecially when it is used at night. Not just the eyes alone but also the focuspoints and the blurred point of the eye (Paul, 2015). Second is theradiation of electronic device. Its radiation affects human internal part suchas brain, nerves, eyes, and ears.
Most of the users do not realize that theyare surrounded by technologies which happen the source of radiation that causesour health to breakdown (J. Mater. Chem. C, 2013).
Last is electronic device influencing healthcaremeaning, it makes human distract with the environment. Therefore, human willinfluence by the information they learn from those devices and live a badliving. These devices also make human did not care about their health becausethey always sit and playing with their devices that they forgot to have anexercise. Ending, they start to feel lazy and got sick (Dixon, 2007). On the other hand, according to SaraLappe (2015), the longer the time that children spend on screen the higher thechance of childhood obesity, behavior problems, ADHD, poor sleep quality, poorphysical activity, and poor school performance. Moreover, she believed thatparents are one of the reason why children became addict on electronic devices.
Children are constantly learning from their parents and they follow theirparent’s footsteps. It is said that children are more risky because they aredependent on their parents and what they see they do. Effects of Electronic Devices or Appliances Towards Human in Termsof Health There is no denying on the positiveimpacts of electronic devices but that is just its one side.
According to CoreyJansen (2014), excessive using of electronic devices like smart phones andtablet leads to physical strains – inflamed tendons, thumb joints, and indexfinger – because of texting and swiping of the screen. The physical strainsthat the user can get from the long and repetitive action can lead to stressinjuries – pain of the wrist, weakness of the grip, and popping sounds whenmoving one’s fingers. Another effect is poor posture.According to Dra. Ewa Gustafsson, researcher and ergonomist at the Universityof Gothenburg, Sweden, in her study about the mobile phone habits of youngadults who send text messages every day, 50% of the participants testify abouttheir suffering from arm, wrist, neck, and back pain due to long used of theircell phones. Poor posture – forward head, hunched back, or rounded shoulders – isnot a product of bad childhood habits but instead it is because of too muchexposure and use of handheld devices – cell phones, tablets, etc. (Jansen,2014).
Next is disrupted sleeping patterns. Using electronics atleast 2 hours before sleeping leads to an increase in stress, sleep disorders,and depression in both men and women. Itis because of the artificial light from the phones or tablets that hinders thepineal gland from producing melatonin – a hormone that stabilizes the humanbody’s circadian rhythm known as 24-hour biological clock – that tell the userto stay awake even if it is already time to sleep (Jansen, 2014). Then obesity. Jansen (2014) addedthat as of today, hundreds of thousands game and apps can be downloaded in afew clicks that leads to people on becoming an addict to video games thatpromotes sedentary lifestyle and makes a person an obese. On the other hand,risk of cancer is also one of the effects of using electronic devices.
Radiation that emits from those devices causes cancer, kills neurons, andweakens one’s immune system. According to Admin (2014), one ofthe first issues caused by too much exposure from electronic devices isnegative impact on eyesight. Excessive staring into the screen of electronicdevices cause dryness of the eyes, itchiness, dark circles and much more.Second is retarding brain health wherein the users experiencing naggingheadaches without any reasons and it may strongly linked with the developmentof Alzheimer’s Disease. Last is cardiovascular stress and sleeping disordersmostly insomnia. The radiation from the electronic devices affect one’s heartin infinite different ways. Chapter 3Research Methodology Research methodology explains where,when, and how the study was conducted. It describes the respondents and thefocus of the study.
This chapter also discusses the type of research used. Itis divided into 6 parts: (1) Research Design, (2) Research Locale, (3) ResearchInstrument, (4) The Sample, (5) Data Collection Procedure, and (6) DataAnalysis Procedure. Part One, Research Design, shows the purpose and the flowof the study. Part Two, Research Locale, describes the setting of thestudy.Part Three, ResearchInstrument, includes the materials that will be used in the study.Part Four, The Sample,shows the profiles of the participants.
Part Five, Data CollectionProcedure, includes the different steps used in the data collection.Part Six, Data AnalysisProcedure, includes the steps on how the researcher analyzed the collecteddata. Research DesignThis study came up with a quali-quanti research through survey questionnaire and interviewquestions. Aset of questions was prepared for the participants to accurately respond to.This study aimed to knowand investigate what are the common used electronic appliances and its effecttoward the health of people using it. Research LocaleThe research was conducted at Brgy.Jibolo, Janiuay Iloilo where the participants are living.
This barangay isaccessible because it compose of 50 houses that is needed by the researcher intheir study. Research Instrument The instrument used are researcher-made survey questionnaire andinterview questions for the participants to answer. The survey questionnairecontains check list question for the participants for an easy answering.The Sample There were 50 houses with different classes are chosen to be theparticipants in order to know the said problem with each class. 25 houses whichclass is average and another 25 which class is high. Data Collection Procedure The researchershad direct interaction with the participants, who were a set of questions. Factual and detailed answers are expectedfrom the participants.
Data Analysis Procedure Data gathered after the interviewwith the participants was considered and analyzed in order to fulfill thepurpose and goal of the study. Information gathered from the differentparticipants was compared to other participants that enabled the researchers todetermine what are the common used electronic appliances and its effect toone’s health.