Conflict cycle consist
of 3 stages which are ‘conflict formation’, ‘conflict escalation’ and ‘conflict
decline’.

Conflict formed when
two different societies fighting over the ownership of a land. Territorial
dispute amongst Jews and Palestine started after the Second World War. The Jews
and Palestine think of themselves as two separate identities who is superior
than the others. The Jews have a grievance to be satisfied which is to find a
state for the Jew people as many were killed in the war against the Nazi and
those who lived, have fled to other states seeking refuge. The Zionist movement
formed by Alexander Herzl has convinced the Jews that they are chosen by God as
they started to shortlisted countries in order to form a state for them. Zionism
is
Israel’s national ideology which promotes the belief that Judaism is a
nationality as well as a religion, and that Jews deserve their own land in
their ancestral homeland, Israel. Palestine became their first choice as they
claimed sovereignty over the land that used to be for Jews. Conflict started to
form when the Jews believe they can get Palestine as they have received support
and votes from the United Nations.

Conflict starts to
escalate when the numbers of actors and issues in dispute increase. For
instance, Israel has fought multiple wars with other countries in the Middle
East, all of whom support the Palestinian national cause. During 1948 until
1967, Jamal Abd Nasser, the president of Egypt has mobilized all armies to
fight against Israel. In 1967, The Arab waged the ‘6 days war’ against Israel
and they got support from the Soviet Union. Unfortunately the Arabs lost and
the whole of Jerusalem and half of Egypt were taken by the Jews. This shows
that the escalation of conflict leads to the expansion in the region. The conflict
has become more generalized as it has involved more people. The conflict escalated
when the frequency of attacks and intensity increased. It can be seen when Egypt
launched another war against Israel in 1973 under the lead of Anwar Saddat. After
that, the uprising of Palestinian against Israel occurred in the late 1980s and
in the early 2000s which is famously known as Intifada. The intifadas had a
dramatic effect on Israeli-Palestinian relation as it has marked the end of
negotiating process between Israeli and Palestinian. The desire to achieve the
goals has been replaced by the desire to harm one another.

The first intifada was
a series of Palestinian demonstrations, nonviolent actions like mass boycotts
and Palestinians refusing to work in Israel, and attacks (using rocks, Molotov
cocktails, and occasionally firearms) on Israelis. The fatal and damage towards
the Palestinian were bigger as the Israeli military responded to the protests
and attacks with heavy force and weapon. The second intifada grew out of the
peace process that supposed to happen in 2000. Negotiations between Israeli
Prime Minister Ehud Barak and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat broke down, and the
intifada began shortly afterwards. Unlike the first intifada, Palestinian responded
with suicide bombings, rocket attacks, and sniper fire, in which Israel has met
with even deadlier force. The conflict has slowdown in 2005, but not before
about 1,000 Israelis and 3,200 Palestinians were killed.

 

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