Counsellingis a support and help service for people in a state of crisis or moments ofchange that require their adaptation to living conditions they are unfamiliarwith.Thecounselling aims at developing the following self-awareness, self-developmentand individualization self-awareness, problem-solving, psychological education,social skills development, behavioural change. Educationalcounselling is at the first level of psychological intervention, along withprevention and rehabilitation, representing the process of orientation-learning- addressed to educational subjects (students, students, adult learners) andtheir educational partners (parents, employers) in order to empower them withthe most efficient methods, techniques and procedures for managing and solvingtheir educational problems. F.
Inskipp and H. John (1984) show that counsellingis a way to relate and respond to one person so that the counsellor is helpedto explore his thoughts, emotions, and emotions to gain a clearerself-understanding and then learn to find and exploit its stronger parts(resources) so that they can face life more effectively, taking appropriatedecisions or acting appropriately. Inthe literature, counselling – is a procedure used in the social care and otherprofessions to guide individuals, families, groups to specific activities. Inthis respect, a series of procedures are used, such as: offering solutions,delimiting and analysing alternatives, support for goal outline, information. Conceptual delimitationCounsellingin social work is one of the most important methods of intervention, it is usedin the process of helping the individual or a group.Thepurpose of counselling is to better know the client and to enhance his / herself-confidence and together to find solutions to all the problems he /sheencounters.
Theterm counselling is often mistaken, and as such, inappropriately used asinterchangeable with that of psychotherapy. Differences betweenCounselling and Psychotherapy: Afirst net difference between counselling and psychotherapy is the primaryobjective of the intervention.Inthe case of counselling, the primary objective is to provide the supportrequested by the individual, family, group, organization, to adapt to a new orunexpected situation.Inthe case of psychotherapy, the primary objective is to solve some problemsdiagnosed as such by the psychotherapist after interacting with the client(individual, family and group).Accessto psychotherapeutic services may be voluntary or involuntary, in the contextof referral by specialists, based on a diagnosis, or the imposition ofpsychotherapeutic treatment as a result of behaviour that contrasts withgenerally accepted social norms.Inthe case of counselling, intervention may be centred on preventing thedevelopment of problematic behaviours or psycho-emotional issues, notnecessarily linked to the existence of problematic situations per se (e.g.
pre-marital or pregnant counselling). Types of counselling:Counsellingin school, children and adolescents. Inthe UK, this type of counselling is often limited to the school andprofessional orientation of adolescents.· Counsellingfor adolescents· Counsellingthe pregnant woman· Premaritalcounselling· Preand post-adoption counselling· Preand post-divorce counselling· Preand post-abortion counselling· Counsellingfor people with terminal illnesses· Counsellingprovided to certain ethnic groups (focusing on educational counselling andmediation services)· Familycounselling· Counsellingthe unemployed Throughcounselling, the professional build a supportive relationship in the sense ofmotivating the client to act to change that behaviour that has triggered thecrisis and restore the psychosocial balance of life.Counsellingis the use of ability and principle of relationship to foster self-knowledge,emotional self-acceptance, maturation and optimal development of professionalresources. Its purpose is to provide the opportunity to work as efficiently aspossible and to make the complete use of resources.(Grinnell & Unrau, 2007)Thedefinition of educational counselling can be achieved even by the concept ofart, because it acts on a sensitive field, applies methods, techniques andprocedures for modelling the personality of the subject in a differentiated andcreative way, adapts the reality of the ideas, experiences, will and behaviourof the subject (educational) the reality of the environment (educational).
Educationalcounselling does not act on the objective reality as such, but on thepsychological image of this reality reflected in the mind, personality andbehaviour of the subject (educational).Atthe same time, counselling is a psycho-educational technology if it developsrules of creation, transformation and control (M. Bunge, 1978) of specificprocesses for positive and beneficial purposes.