Criminal Justice, well you’ve come across various television shows
based on crime, law and order, detectives and all kinds of its versions too and
you may think, you have a pretty good idea of what “Criminal Justice” is all
Take a moment and think again..!
The reality of criminal justice
system is quite diverse than what you see in television series.
Barack Obama once quoted- “We need to keep making our streets safer and our
criminal justice system fairer- our homelands more secure our world more
peaceful and sustainable for the next generation”.
Well, our former president Obama was
right, there has been a dramatic increase in crime rate in the United States
over last few decades which resulted in overcrowding in prisons and financial
burdens on the states.
Abraham Lincoln once quoted- “I have always found that mercy bears richer
fruits than strict justice”
So, let’s see what “Criminal Justice”
has to offer us in an education.
Did you know?
In few countries, it costs more than $60,000 per
year to house one prisoner. For this reason alone it is important to
ensure that no-one is sent to prison unless it is absolutely necessary.
Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act in 2010, which reduced the disparity in sentencing between crack and
powder cocaine offenses.
The present stage of criminal justice
has been formed from many evolutionary stages. Americans have mechanisms that
implement rules and punish offenders.The rules and norms have been formed by
the Americans by considering the religion and sin as the means of shaping society.
A criminal justice system is an
excelling group, it’s unique and different. There are many sub-fields in criminal justice to
study and each leads to a different career option.
Not many people know about it.
There are many criminal justice agencies in the United States, each agency has
their own set of people, and each group includes police teams. The criminal
justice system is conceded in three parts, they are:
LAW ENFORCEMENT – it is considered as the first step of criminal justice.
Whenever a crime scene occurs, the police are directly in contact with
this situation.The police have to complete some tasks like investigating
the crime place, people, collecting evidence, and arresting the offenders.
THE COURTS – this can be taken as the second part of criminal justice,
here the guilt or the innocence of the suspect is assured at the trial
periods. The primary purpose of this is to ensure a fair trial for the
suspect. There is a jury of professional and experienced judges of
different caste and creed.
CORRECTIONS – if the accused in the court of law is convicted and charged jail
merit time, they will be sent to the corrections system for punishment.The
right to be free of cruel and unusual punishment is the primary constraint
on abuses in the correctional system. This prohibition comes into play in
our system in many ways, improper medical care, and in physical abuses at
the hands of the corrections officer.
Online degree in Criminal Justice
In today’s world, many students
choose online criminal justice programs to earn degrees.
The web-based format is typically
more flexible than classroom-based education, enabling students to hold down a
job and financially support themselves while they pursue a degree.
The best online bachelor’s in
criminal justice programs have rigorous coursework.
Online programs allows students to
gain supervised training at police stations, law offices and other workplaces
where criminal justice majors tend to find employment
Why is criminal justice important?
Steven Brancazio, the faculty chair for
Capella University’s Criminal Justice Undergraduate Studies, and Dr. Micheal
Kemp, faculty chair in the School of Public Service Leadership, there are huge
and important reasons to obtain a degree.
A Changing field: “Today, officers are given more authority and are
more involved in the community,” says Brancazio. “They need better critical
thinking skills.More decision-making responsibility at lower levels means a law
enforcement officer needs to know what’s involved”.
Increased safety: teaches ethics, conflict resolution and critical
thinking. That’s what a degree brings. When you come in with more knowledge up
front, you’re less likely to make mistakes.
Successful public interaction: Crime prevention and community relations are
a major part of a police officer’s portfolio.
Good career options: Many entry-level criminal justice positions don’t
require a degree, a candidate who has an edge over the competition, and is
likely to earn more as well—up to 22 %.
Specializations in criminal justice
Law Enforcement –under this domain you get to work as crime patrol officers,
investigators, security officers.
Juvenile justice-involved in court reporting, legal assistance, legal
administration etc. After attending the law school they will become an
Social services-graduates function as victim advocates, as well as serve in organizations
that provide assistance to victims, and facilitate programs that seek to
prevent and reduce crime
Corrections-you can be a juvenile or an adult prohibition officer,
correctional officer, correctional caseworkers.
Cyber-crime-these graduates can become a computer cyber-crime
Criminal justice provides different areas of work
By now I am sure you would have
gained some confidence that criminal justice can be an option for your career.
There are lots and lots of domains that you can choose, but don’t just follow
someone. If you really like this and poses the qualities to study criminal
justice go for it. All the best….!!!