Criminal Justice, well you’ve come across various television showsbased on crime, law and order, detectives and all kinds of its versions too andyou may think, you have a pretty good idea of what “Criminal Justice” is allabout.Take a moment and think again..!The reality of criminal justicesystem is quite diverse than what you see in television series.Barack Obama once quoted- “We need to keep making our streets safer and ourcriminal justice system fairer- our homelands more secure our world morepeaceful and sustainable for the next generation”.
Well, our former president Obama wasright, there has been a dramatic increase in crime rate in the United Statesover last few decades which resulted in overcrowding in prisons and financialburdens on the states.Abraham Lincoln once quoted- “I have always found that mercy bears richerfruits than strict justice”So, let’s see what “Criminal Justice”has to offer us in an education.Did you know? In few countries, it costs more than $60,000 per year to house one prisoner. For this reason alone it is important to ensure that no-one is sent to prison unless it is absolutely necessary. Congress passed the Fair Sentencing Act in 2010, which reduced the disparity in sentencing between crack and powder cocaine offenses.The present stage of criminal justicehas been formed from many evolutionary stages. Americans have mechanisms thatimplement rules and punish offenders.The rules and norms have been formed bythe Americans by considering the religion and sin as the means of shaping society.
A criminal justice system is anexcelling group, it’s unique and different. There are many sub-fields in criminal justice tostudy and each leads to a different career option. Not many people know about it.There are many criminal justice agencies in the United States, each agency hastheir own set of people, and each group includes police teams. The criminaljustice system is conceded in three parts, they are: LAW ENFORCEMENT – it is considered as the first step of criminal justice. Whenever a crime scene occurs, the police are directly in contact with this situation.The police have to complete some tasks like investigating the crime place, people, collecting evidence, and arresting the offenders.
THE COURTS – this can be taken as the second part of criminal justice, here the guilt or the innocence of the suspect is assured at the trial periods. The primary purpose of this is to ensure a fair trial for the suspect. There is a jury of professional and experienced judges of different caste and creed. CORRECTIONS – if the accused in the court of law is convicted and charged jail merit time, they will be sent to the corrections system for punishment.The right to be free of cruel and unusual punishment is the primary constraint on abuses in the correctional system.
This prohibition comes into play in our system in many ways, improper medical care, and in physical abuses at the hands of the corrections officer.Online degree in Criminal JusticeIn today’s world, many studentschoose online criminal justice programs to earn degrees.The web-based format is typicallymore flexible than classroom-based education, enabling students to hold down ajob and financially support themselves while they pursue a degree.The best online bachelor’s incriminal justice programs have rigorous coursework.Online programs allows students togain supervised training at police stations, law offices and other workplaceswhere criminal justice majors tend to find employment Why is criminal justice important? Steven Brancazio, the faculty chair forCapella University’s Criminal Justice Undergraduate Studies, and Dr.
MichealKemp, faculty chair in the School of Public Service Leadership, there are hugeand important reasons to obtain a degree.A Changing field: “Today, officers are given more authority and aremore involved in the community,” says Brancazio. “They need better criticalthinking skills.More decision-making responsibility at lower levels means a lawenforcement officer needs to know what’s involved”.
Increased safety: teaches ethics, conflict resolution and criticalthinking. That’s what a degree brings. When you come in with more knowledge upfront, you’re less likely to make mistakes.
Successful public interaction: Crime prevention and community relations area major part of a police officer’s portfolio.Good career options: Many entry-level criminal justice positions don’trequire a degree, a candidate who has an edge over the competition, and islikely to earn more as well—up to 22 %.Specializations in criminal justice Law Enforcement –under this domain you get to work as crime patrol officers, investigators, security officers. Juvenile justice-involved in court reporting, legal assistance, legal administration etc. After attending the law school they will become an attorney. Social services-graduates function as victim advocates, as well as serve in organizations that provide assistance to victims, and facilitate programs that seek to prevent and reduce crime Corrections-you can be a juvenile or an adult prohibition officer, correctional officer, correctional caseworkers. Cyber-crime-these graduates can become a computer cyber-crime investigator. Criminal justice provides different areas of workfield.
Law enforcement Criminology Social service Rehabilitation Corrections Paralegal Research methods Law Psychology Information technologyConclusionBy now I am sure you would havegained some confidence that criminal justice can be an option for your career.There are lots and lots of domains that you can choose, but don’t just followsomeone. If you really like this and poses the qualities to study criminaljustice go for it.
All the best….!!!