CRITICAL method of examination which advocates that there

CRITICAL READING

            Puslu K?talar Atlas? fits with regards
to the definition and the features of “New Historicism” theory. Ihsan Oktay
Anar created the characters in his misty imagine world by collating dusty pages
of history. Furthermore, he adjusted some historic characters such as
Aristotles, Descartes by changing their names. It is important to be clear
about the definition of New Historicism, it is the method of examination which
advocates that there is no difference between literature and history within the
context of fictionality of the history and being open to production (Greenblatt
1-14). The theory of New Historicism reveals how it embodies Puslu K?talar Atlas? in the context of
techniques and principles.

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            New
Historicism is complaince with the fictionality aspect and the relation to
literature. Montrose pointed out with the terms textuality of history and historicity
of the text (Montrose, 15-36). In this theory, the basis of culture and daily
lives of the society should be taken into consideration. By examining the
novel, some New Historicist factors was put forward by Ye?ilyurt. These are
context, fragmentation of history, prolog, conflicts, sembolism of the characters’
names and intertextuality. At the beginning of Puslu K?talar Atlas?, the reader is torn between reality and
fiction (1824). Kubelik who is the clerk of Venice bale, one day he meets Arap
Ihsan. He wants Kubelik to translate a Frankish book. Kubelik translates this
book as Zagon Üzerine Öttürme by
Rendekar who is a philosoph. Actually, this translated book refers to René Descartes’ Discourse
on Methods (1637).

Kendisine
gösterilen sat?rlar? defalarca okuyan Kubelik, yeterince karalama yapt?ktan
sonra tercümesini bir kâ??da temize çekip Arap ?hsan’a verdi. Fakat meyhanede
okuma yazmas? olanlardan hiç kimse bu kâ??da ne kadar bakt?ysa da bir ?ey
anlamay? ba?aramad?. (Anar 34).

 

            With
this quotation from the novel shows that no one cannot read and understand what
he writes except for Kubelik. The works are
perceived as historical documents are and they are shaped according to the
culture and accumulation of historian. However, this book’s title translated by
Kubelik, consists of slang words. This shows that the perception of historical
documents’ precise and unrevisability can break with a little change of
formating like Kubelik’s translation (Ye?ilyurt 1813-1816).

            New
Historicism Theory becomes a highly critical thought that history is not
subjective, it is completely the author’s fiction. According to Ilgurel, “in Puslu K?talar Atlas?, fantasies that are inspried from folkloric myths and
fairy tales are blended with the historical, linguistic and technical elements
of the period.” (360). Accordingly, the literary view of the New Historicism
can be described that a literary work comes into existence with the interaction
of political, social, cultural and historical aspects of the period. In Puslu K?talar Atlas? fits into the genre
of postmodernism reinterprets and rewrites the text by dealing with historical
context. However, postmodern historical novels cannot be history, even if they
reflect a historicity. They cannot be accepted as historical reality ( Bulut
3).

            In
Ihsan Oktay Anar’s misty world, most of the characters arouses the personalities
in the history apart from the imaginary ones. As mentioned above, some
philosophers from the past play a part such as Aristatalis, Rendekar. There is
a reply to Bünyamin from  Ebrehe, “bu
soruya cevap vermek için henüz erken. Aristatalis Fizik adl? eserinde, bo?lu?un olmad???n?, e?er olsayd? bo?lukta yol
alan cismin sonsuz h?za eri?ece?ini bunun da imkans?z oldu?unu söyler.”(Anar
147). As it is understand from this conversation, the author referred to the
famous philosopher’s text named Physics. Although
the text is fantasy, the author cannot hold off from dealing with the history.

            One
of the factors of the theory of New Historicism was put forward by Ye?ilyurt is
context. To examine in detail this factor, Puslu
K?talar Atlas? is not a historic novel. However, it makes use of the
history as a background to reflect the context. In this sense, essential
element to be noted, it is all about the individual behavior of the characters
rather than historic events (Yesilyurt 4). The next factor is fragmentation of
the history that there are a large number of cases in Puslu K?talar Atlas?, which are disconnected from each other but
are thematic. Instead of painting a whole historical period over a single line,
the events that take place different place but in the same period are described
(Yesilyurt 5). The other factor is prolog that is used for increasing the
degree of reality.