Garza 1Ms. MorganEnglish 1301What the Heroine is seeking During the late nineteenth century, women were enslaved in their gender roles and certain restrictions were enforced on them by a male dominant culture. Every woman was raised believing that they had neither self-control nor self-government but that they must yield to the control of a stronger gender.
This issue of gender roles in the society influenced the production of Henrik Ibsen??™s A Doll House??”a controversial play of a woman who disregards common norms of the society. It displays how lies and deceptions could destroy relationships and the need of every individual to possess self-identity. The clear dramatization of a woman struggling to step beyond the limited identity set by her husband and society generated to various arguments as to the true purpose of the playwright in writing the play. Templeton in her article, ???The Doll House Backlash: Criticism, Feminism and Ibsen???, identifies arguments that were used to reject the play as a feminist text. After thoroughly examining closely the arguments, she did not agree with the ideas and wrote in her journal: ???Finally, research on Ibsen??™s life proves that, all claims to the contrary, his intentions in A Doll House were thoroughly feminist??? (Templeton). Being claimed and admired by propaganda feminist, some critics argued that Ibsen??™s intention in writing the play is not to resolve gender inequality and to liberate women in the society but rather just to illuminate it and reveal a moral issue faced by every person in his life (Templeton).
Let me quote further the assertion of Michael Meyer, he noted, ???A Doll House is Garza 2no more about women??™s rights than Shakespeare??™s Richard II is about the divine right of kings, or Ghost about syphilis… Its theme is the need of every individual to find out the kind of person he or she is to strive to become that person??? (Templeton 35).
Additionally, an article written by R. M. Adams explains: ???A Doll House represents a woman imbued with the idea of becoming a person, but it proposes nothing categorical about women becoming people; in fact, its??™ real theme has nothing to do with the sexes???(Meyer 36). Being regarded as feminist poet and revolutionary, Ibsen himself disclaimed the title, he stated in a speech given on May 26, 1898, to the Women Rights League: ???I thank you for the toast, but must disclaim the honor of having consciously worked for the Women??™s Rights Movement??¦. True enough, it is desirable to solve the woman problem, along with all others; but that has not been the whole purpose. My task has been the description of humanity (Templeton 35).
Much of what happened between Nora and Torvald happened to Laura and her husband, Victor, with the exception of being forged the signature that was the basis of Nora??™s loan. He turned this life situation into an aesthetically shaped successful drama.Furthermore, the play stunned audiences for it criticizes the traditional roles of men and women in nineteenth-century society. Although the play was stormed with issues, the drama influenced other playwrights of his time including George Bernard Shaw and Anton Chekhov.To get to the bottom line, I would agree with Adams and Meyer statements, ???the need of every individual to find out the kind of person he/she really is and to strive to become that person. The slamming of the door by the end of the play shows that Nora is willing to take the risk in Garza 3order to find her self-identity.
Through analyzing the characters when I went over the play, I saw how each of them contributes to define the other characters. The title A Doll House suggests an artificial world, where the character lives like a ???doll??™, they [critics] have been discouraged to view that the play is about a statement of human condition. The play is not just about Nora, the other characters also portrayed how economic conditions and the need for personal fulfillment affecting their lives. Nora can be anyone; it??™s just that Ibsen molded his character in a form of a woman living in a restricted world. Garza 4Works Cited:Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll House. Backpack Literature: An introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing. Ed.
X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gionia. 4th ed. New York: Longman, 2012. 880-939.
Templeton, Joan.???The Doll House Backlash: Criticism, Feminism, and Ibsen.??? PMLA, Vol.
104, No. 1 (Jan., 1989): 28-40. JSTOR. Web.
25 Mar. 2013.