Darren Zhu

Mr. Aaron Mar

Humanities 7-1

18 January 2018

Lenin as a
Soviet Leader

Even though
the United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), during its lifespan, gained a
devastatingly large death poll, and Stalin who made citizens suffer and
processed massacres for his own power and greed. Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov, also
known as Lenin, should  be recognized for
the superior choices he made, such as overthrowing the miserable Russian Empire,
and improving the living quality for millions.

overthrew the corrupt and inferiorly ruthless Russian Empire, and saved the
civilians facing starvation. The Russian Empire of Romanov Rule lasted for
nearly three centuries. People are uneducated, the poor peasants and factory
workers became poorer, and the rich aristocrats and landowners only became
richer. In 1881, revolutionaries killed king Alexander the II. Afterwards, his
successor Alexander the III became aware of this crisis. His Intelligence
Agencies actively tried to find revolutionaries, and arrested them before they
had a chance to kill the King. In one of those cases, Alexandr Ulyanov was
leading a group of Revolutionaries, seeking the king’s death, and they were
arrested. The king’s terms were that if he said that he was sorry for his
actions, he would be spared of all punishments. And unsurprisingly, Alexandr Refused,
so he was hanged. That was that biggest motivation for Vladimir, with his
brother dead, he joined the revolutionaries and took the same path as his
brother, which caused him to be exiled for 16 years. Back in the Russian
Empire, Alexander the III died at the age of forty-nine, and his son Nicolai
the II became the King. He was twenty-nine years old, definitely old enough to
rule, but he grew up without struggle, resulting that he was too inexperienced
to rule. In 1904-1905 Russia had war with Japan, and came to a tremendous loss,
with 150,000 soldiers dead, the public was no longer confident that Nicolai the
II can rule the country. Citizen protesters gathered to protest for simple
needs like more food or better working environment, and they were all gunned
down by Nicolai’s Guards. World War One was also a significant impact to the
Russian Empire, rather than giving the military control to his experienced
generals, Nicolai the II gave himself the military control. There was a huge
shortage in supply and weapons, and no strategy at all in the war, resulting in
three million deaths. Meanwhile, the agriculture is damaged as peasants are
forced to join the army, and started a food shortage. This made the situation
even worse, as the working condition kept decreasing, and the starvation kept
increasing, the revolution began. In the February Revolution, Nicolai II
abdicates and ends three hundred years of Romanov rule. The members of the
state assembly, the State Duma formed a provisional government, who shared
power with the Petrograd Soviets, a worker and soldier elected council. The Petrograd
Soviet was controlled by the Marxist Menshevik Party, and the Revolutionary
Socialist Party, they have control over the army, transportation, and
communication. However, they still decided to continue the war against Germany
and Austria-Hungary, supporting the Allies. This resulted the Bolshevik Party
to gain much more power, and in November, when Lenin came back to Russia, The
Bolsheviks has gain a respectable amount of power. The October revolution took
place in November of 1917, Lenin came to power, he immediately demanded
redistribution of land from rich land owners to peasants, and successfully
transferred the power from the provisional government to the people’s soviets.
The Bolsheviks program was summed up to the slogan “Bread! Peace! Land!”. This
again goes to how much people suffered during the Romanov and Menshevik rule,
they just wanted bread, peace and land. When Lenin finally claimed victorious
in 1920, defeating the other parties and removed Nicolai’s family, two million
soldiers died, and nine million more civilians died of starvation and disease.
And if Lenin has not restored peace, the provisional government would keep
their power, and support the aristocrats. The peasants would only starve
further if it was not for Lenin who would rule and followed the Marxist
ideology to distribute the property and restored the economy.

dramatically improved the living quality for millions of Russian citizens,
including the introduction of the New Economic Policy. His noble decisions to
introduce the New Economic Policy, repaired the soviet economy, kept the big
industries under state control to make sure the products are produced with
quality, and even allowed small private businesses to be ran. Unlike the
Aristocracies before, even the poorest workers had equal rights, support in
resources, and the opportunity to work in their desired jobs, create their own
industries, or join the Bolshevik party. Not only did he distribute all the
land and resources equally to everyone, he opened education to the working
class, and the literacy rate went from only one-sixth of the population all the
way to 85% of the population. Lenin also was extremely against antisemitism, he
allowed Jewish people to rise to the highest offices for both state and party.
Lenin died the 21st of January in the year 1924, he wrote a
testament to remove Stalin from office, due to Stalin and Leon Trotsky’s
escalating conflict, Lenin decided that Leon Trotsky was a better fit to run
the country. “Stalin is too rude and defect … becomes intolerable in a Secretary-General”
states the 130-word addendum to the Lenin’s Testament. This was evidence for
Lenin’s Commitment of improving the life of his citizens, even after his death.
Lenin knew that Leon Trotsky would be a much more qualified leader than Stalin,
and perhaps, if he actually lead the soviet union after Lenin’s death, the
dreams of the soviet utopia might as well come true, where citizens live in
peace. Unlike this dystopia Stalin caused for his own power and greed, leaving
the citizens in famine and starvation. Thus, all Lenin’s decisions were to
improve the living quality of the majority, specifically the working class,
planning for the people even after his death.

the Soviet Union has a cruel reputation of massacring all the people that opposed
itself. However, these policies are enacted after Lenin’s death, when Stalin
took down Lenin’s Testament, and secretively change the information, so he
would be the next leader of the Soviet Union, and he exiled Jewish Leon Trotsky
out of the Soviet Union. Stalin cooperated with Adolf Hitler to attack Poland,
starting World War II. Only later to fight against Hitler, starving the Soviet
Union to near death, with 8.8 Million military deaths, and a piercing 13.7
Million soviet civilian deaths caused by famine, extreme labor in German Labor
camps, one million Soviet-Jewish deaths at the Holocaust alone, the
assassination of Leon Trotsky at Mexico in 1940. Moreover, in the winter of
1932-1933, Stalin declared what was now known as the Holodomor (?????? ???????)
which means Death by Starvation, this event was to starve the population in the
main grain-producing countries, killing 7 million Ukrainians alone in this
event. All of these Catastrophes were decisions of Stalin, who Lenin ordered
out of office in the Lenin’s Testament of 1922. “Comrade Stalin, having become
Secretary-General, has unlimited authority concentrated in his hands, and I am
not sure whether he will always be capable of using that authority with
sufficient caution. Comrade Trotsky, on the other hand, as his struggle against
the C.C. on the question of the People’s Commissariat of Communications has
already proved, is distinguished not only by outstanding ability. He is
personally perhaps the most capable man in the present C.C.” stated the Lenin’s
Testament of 25 December 1922. Lenin made noble decisions, including the
decision in the Lenin’s Testament, to kick Stalin out of office, and perhaps as
well, prevent the dystopian massacres and atrocious famines that happened
during the course of Stalin Rule.

the dreadful Romanov Rule and the Menshevik party, forcing uneducated peasants
to war and leaving the rest in famine, to Stalin, massacring citizens for
personal benefits, deporting Jewish citizens of all jobs and races to German
Concentration Camps. There was, truly, a peaceful era in the Soviet Union, that
replenished the economy with NEP, with rapidly increasing literacy rates, and
citizens of all religions and races were respected equally, even though for
only a mere four years (1920-1924) that this utopia lasted, before it seized to
exist under Stalin rule. This was all thanks to a honorable man, who worked
hard and loyal to his Commitment of representing the people. His name was
Lenin, Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov. Even though, through the ages of the mighty
Soviet Union, many catastrophes took place, in which taking millions of lives, there
was a brilliant leader, Vladimir Lenin, who cast an era of peace between the
devastating catastrophes, he overthrew the corrupt and abominable Romanov and
Menshevik before him, and committed to improve the life of his citizens.


Works Cited

???????, ?. ?. “???? ?????:
??????? ?????? ???? ? ????????, 1939-1945 ??.”

??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ????? , Mar. 1996,


???????????, ?????? ??????????.
“??????? ?????? ???? ? ???????

?????.” ???????????? ??????????, 2000,


Groom, Toby. “Epic History: The Russian Revolution.” YouTube,
Bridgeman Images, 4 Aug.


Ulyanov, Vladimir Ilich. “Lenin’s
Testament .” Letter to the Congress, 25 Dec. 1922,



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