Despite being equipped with knowledge about health, medical studentsface a lot of the barriers which prevent them from practicing healthy habits.The peculiar ways of education and stressful environment during their coursesand examinations may affect their psycho-social well being (1). Many healthrelated problems emerge: Weight problems, lack of physical activity, lack ofsleep, the acquisition of new habits such as smoking, difficulty in stressmanagement and unhealthy dietary patterns are some examples of such problems (2). Various studies have been focused on assessment of knowledge andpractices regarding nutrition, exercise, sleeping habits and smoking amongmedical students. In a Japanese study, almost half of the dental studentsmissed one of the three main meals (3).
In another cross sectional survey inUAE, a large percentage of medical students were found to be either underweightor obese and most believed that their activity levels were insufficient, stresslevels too high and their diet was just unhealthy (4). Studies also report lackof appropriate physical activity and prevalence of unhealthy habits like smokingand alcohol among a large proportion of medical students (5). One of the most important determinants ofgeneral health and wellbeing is the physical activity. It is an importantmodifiable risk factor for many non-communicable diseases (NCDs) includingheart diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, stroke, type-2 diabetes and somecancers (6). In Recent years, as well, researchershave investigated the relationship between physicalactivity and psychological health. Psychosocialproblems have negatively affected school performance, social skills and mentaldevelopment (11). Based on self-report questionnaires,between 20% and 80% of university students globally were physically inactive (7,8) and over 60% did not meet the globalrecommendations of sufficient health-related physical activity of at least 150minutes/week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes/week of vigorous-intensityphysical activity, or an equivalent combination . However, when an objectivemeasure of physical activity was utilized, a recent study indicated about 95%of Spanish university students did not meet these global recommendations (9).
A study wascarried out on 15122 university students to assess the effect of vigorousphysical activity (VPA) on their mental health. The students were from 23universities from the Americas, Africa, and Asia. Students who met VPArecommendations were less likely to report perceived stress, more likely toreport subjective good health and depression than students without VPA. (10)Another study was done toinvestigate in the relation between physical activity and psychologicalproblems among adolescents. This study was based on the Dutch National Youth Health Monitor.
It was a cross-sectionalquestionnaire conducted among 96 617 adolescents in 2015. It showed thatphysically active adolescents had fewer psychosocial problems compared withphysically inactive adolescents. Not only is this association significant, butthere is an indication that it is also of clinical relevance. (11)In astudy done in Kasr Al-ainy medical students in 2012, exercise engagement in asample of the 1st, 3rd and 5th year studentwas measured. About 94 of a total of 440 students had a regular physicalactivity (21.4 %) 12.On thisstudy we are discussing the prevalence of physical activity among medicalstudents. We are going to assess the relation between the level of physicalactivity performance and the wellbeing of medical students to promote theirlife, whether the academic or non-academic life.
We will also estimate the effect of physical activityon the academic performance of the students. Goals and Objectives:Goal Health promotion of medical studentand upgrading their quality of life Objectives 1- To assess of Physical activity pattern among medical students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade,2017-2018.2- To assess of Academic performance amongmedical students.3- To identify the relation between Physicalactivity and academic performance among medicalstudents of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade, 2017-2018.4- To profile wellbeing among medical students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade,2017-2018.
5- To assess the relation between physical activity and wellbeingamong medical students of Kasr Al-Ainy, 4th grade, 2017-2018.RecommendationTo contribute in the development ofhealth promotion programs designed specifically for them.METHODOLOGYStudy Design:A descriptive cross-sectional study design was carried out.STUDY SETTINGS AND POPULATIONthis study will be implemented inmedical students from 4th year (2017-2018) , using a random sampleof 120 students from each respective year to be representative for the purposeof this research. SAMPLING AND TECHNIQUEA randomsample of 120students from the 4th year where picked up to beincluded in this study.
DATA COLLECTION AND STUDY TOOLSAnthropometricmeasurements such as weight, height, mid-arm circumference, triceps skin foldthickness and body mass index were measured. The students completed aself-administered questionnaire including data about some life style factorsand food consumption , healthy habits , smoking status and some other datarelated to the topic.DATA ANALYSIS PLAN AND DATAPRESENTAIONAll collected questionnaires will be revised for competences andlogical consistency.
Data will be coded and entered on a data sheet prepared onExcel program, and then transposed to the Statistical Package for SocialSciences analysis. Data checking will be done by simple frequencies.Quantitative data are displayed as mean and standard deviation, while qualitative data will be displayed as percentages.ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONSAs the study deals with young adults, certain ethical steps wereimplemented:• Formal approval was obtained fromthe vice president of the university for education and student affairs. • Approval and support from deansand vice deans of the selected schools were also obtained.
• Junior faculty and students’affairs employees who shared in distributing the questionnaires were introducedto the aim of the study and the importance of confidentiality for students whoresponded to the questionnaire.• All the questionnaires wereenveloped to preserve the confidentiality of the respondents• The questionnaire began with adescription of the study and a clear explanation of its purpose. REFRENCES1) Omokhodion FO, Gureje O. Psychological problems of clinicalstudents in the University of Ibadan Medical School. Afr J Med Sci 2003 Mar;32(1): 55-8.2) Carter AO, Elzubeir M,Abdulrazzaq YM, RevelAD, Townsend A. Health and lifestyle Needs Assessmentof Medical Students in the United Arab Emirates Med Teach. 2003.
Sep.,25(5):461-2. 3) Motoko A,Kayoko S, Keiko E, Keiko K, Naomi Y, Yoko K. The relationshipamong eatinghabits, lifestyles, and oral health status of students. KokubyoGakkai Zasshi2002; 69: 290-5.
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Physical activity and condition,dietary habits,and serum lipids in second-year medical students. J Am CollNutr 1990; 9: 303-7.6) World Health Organization. Global status report onnoncommunicable diseases 2014 Geneva: WHO, 2015 7) Haase A, Steptoe A, Sallis JF, WardleJ. Leisure-time physical activity in universitystudents from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness,and national economic development. 20158) Keating XD, Guan J, Pin˜ero JC, BridgesDM. A meta-analysis of college students’physical activity behaviors.
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