Diffusion of TechnologyGRAVITYLIGHTAbstractThe intense usage and utilization of the conventionalstrength assets which ends up in increasing challenge of the greenhouse effectand polluting the environment are forcing engineers and scientiststo expand electricity from non-traditional resources of electricity.
Because of effects of pollutants and international warming theremay be a need for producing energy from renewable assets. The purpose forgenerating energy the use of gravity is that it is to behad all around the Earth, plentiful and consistent too. In this taskwe designed a technique in which gravitational energy is similarly amplified interms of its significance with the aid of the use of perpetual motion mechanismand subsequently may be successfully converted into usable electrical energy. The fundamental idea of a gravity power producingmechanism is simple. Given that all the assets are restrained andnon-particular, this allows to shift the eye toward gravity.IntroductionCurrently it’s far a dream to meet all power necessities of the sector.
Butwhen we’ve a light that offers loose, clean electricity at the least the simplerequirement of millions of humans may be fulfilled. The vast share of presentanswers for warmth and mild in far off, off-grid, regions rely upon bio-mass(carbon-based totally gasoline sources). issues over ecological impact apart, areliance on burning biomass for lights (particularly oil) is high-priced,keeping millions in gasoline poverty, is dangerous (producing poisonous fumesand terrible exceptional mild) and dangerous (hearth).
Preliminary brief for’Carbon-loose Kerosene Lamp’ that led directly on to ‘Gravity light’: Thecharity sun aid diagnosed kerosene (used as paraffin) as the foremost, bio-massgasoline source burned for lighting fixtures throughout developing Africannations. In addition they identified a few obstacles to the adoption ofalternatives to kerosene that appeared to exist.Objectives1) Tofind an eco-friendly solution for domestic & street light electrificationapplications using stored muscular energy in the gravitational potentialenergy.2) Prolongthe usage of stored muscular energy.
3) Generatingsignificant amount of power for domestic application.4) Practicallytested results and mathematically evaluated results are to be compared & ifnecessary, the required modifications need to be incorporated. 5) Makinga working prototype of the concept of electricity generation usinggravitational potential energy.
Concept for Mechanism ofGravity LightA suitable mechanism for the working of the gravity light was to beselected. After considering a number of designs and discarding a few we came upwith three major design concepts which can be used for generating electricity.Following are the concepts: – Spring Actuated Gravity Lamp The weight is attached to a rope which is wound over a pulley whose center consists of a spring which is normally unwound. The spring is fitted onto a shaft through a slot in the shaft and is wound over the shaft. The winding of the spring causes the spring to compress under tension and rotate the shaft along with the winding action. This rotates the pulley and the weight ascends.
After a certain height an initial tension is given to the spring and the spring starts unwinding slowly at a constant rate depending on the weight attached to the rope end. The force of the unwinding force rotates the shaft and helps control the descent rate of the weight. This shaft would be further connected to a dynamo shaft which will provide us with the required electricity. Counter Weight Type GravityLampThis employs the use of counter weight principle for lowering the weightand in turn maintains a control on the descent rate of the falling weight. Ifthe weight to be lifted is ‘x’ then the counterweight that must be added sothat the weight just stars to descend is ‘x+0.9’. The weight will be attachedto the rope of a pulley and this pulley will be mounted over a shaft which willbe connected to the dynamo shaft producing electricity. Bicycle Wheel Type GravityLight This concept is the most practical one out of thethree and it involves a rim of a bicycle wheel from which a shaft protrudessupported by bearings and has a sprocket onto which a chain of required pitchand length is mounted.
The weight is mounted on one side of the chain and thisis suspended over the sprocket and lifted by mechanical means to a certainheight. The sprocket is given an initial torque and due to the self-weight andgravity the weight falls down at a controlled decent rate. Design and ManufacturingTheapproach for designing the mount, mechanism for suspending the weight and waskept as simple as possible.For 1.5 RPM of sprocket i.e.
for every minute the weight descends down by0.375 meters. Therefore, for 15 minutes: 15*0.375=5.6 meters heightis required. ConclusionWiththe past history of usage of fuel we came to the conclusion that there is stilltremendous consumption of conventionfuel in the world particularly with developing countries that need makes not only the higher price of fuel butalso pollutes the air which becomes a health hazard later, thus the need ofGravity fuel was urgent and desirable.
The papers shows all the technicalspecifications and utility of Gravity lamp in order to provide energy that maylimit the use of fuel to a certain level and understanding. Hence it is assumedthat the energy provided by lamp to be more efficient and this may takes somemore sort of innovation and technological diffusion such that we can generatethe power in higher yield and overcome the capital that is out in buying of thefuel.