D’Shawn Glenister12/20/17FormImmigration: The American StoryThere is no America without immigration. One of the biggest challenges you can have in America is to find someone who doesn’t have an immigrant in their family life line since the huge majority of Americans are immigrants.
This essay will provide plenty of information about the four major waves of immigration and its effects on America. By the end of this essay you will know one of the biggest stories. The story of America.In The First Wave plenty of people immigrated to the United States before 1790. The U.
S. was originally inhabited by tribes of Native Americans but was later populated by different immigrants. The immigrants were searching for new land were political and religious freedom would be available since tophat wasn’t allowed at that time where they lived.
By 1790, America was made up of Africans, Englishmen, Scotch-Irishmen, Germans, and Scottish. Before the 1790’s, clashes between the Native Americans and the Europeans lead to violence and diseases that wiped out tribes, Africans were forcibly brought for slavery, and a continuous wave of migrating Europeans were the biggest events happening in America at that time. Things didn’t get too much better in the second wave.The Second Wave brought way more immigrants to America than The First Wave did. 15.3 million Irish Catholic, German, Scandinavian, and Chinese immigrants immigrated to America in The Second Wave to America. Immigrants were attracted by the easier and cheaper transportation systems to America, The American Dream, and to escape European strife. However the immigrants of The Second Wave didn’t have the same acceptance The First Wave did.
Nativism sprouted from all the immigrants taking jobs and bringing different religions into America which caused many Americans to oppose immigration and immigrants. One of the biggest backlashes was The Yellow Peril. The Yellow Peril was a nativist backlash against Asian immigrants.
Racist cartoons and laws that banned Asian immigration made life as an Asian immigrant extremely difficult and challenging. The Second Wave was a really difficult time for immigrants and brought a lot of racist and nativist backlashes that we see in today’s day in society.The Third Wave brought Mexican victims of the Revolution, Jews fleeing pogroms in Eastern Europe and Russia, and Armenians escaping Turkey. The trip over was faster now thanks to steamboats, but it was often crowded without any privacy or comfortable places to sleep. The Third Wave also had one major difference amongst the first two.
A new immigration center called Ellis Island put immigrants through tests and paper checkings to grant them citizenship. Out of the 22.3 million immigrants, most of them came through Ellis Island. Those who came from the west coast arrived in the San Francisco immigration station due to the “Gentlemen’s Agreement” of 1907. The Chinese Exclusion Act made Chinese immigrants unable to immigrate into America and those who were already in couldn’t bring their families with them. Once WWI hit, Americans became very curios and began questioning immigrants loyalty. WWI also caused the “gates to immigration” to close. The aftermaths of WWI sent Europe into an economy collapse and sent many immigrants to America.
The Americans did not approve from the scare of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and The Red Scare bombing of 1919. A new cap on how many immigrants could be let in was put in place and each country had its own set number except for Asia, they weren’t allowed in at all. The Third Wave ended pretty badly and caused a huge decline in immigrants coming to America and the population of Immigrants in America. The American Dream had ended for many immigrants.The dream began to come alive when we get into the Fourth Wave which is still continuing today. World War I and II helped and oppressed many immigrants. Those who were already in the country were being looked at in a brighter light from their help in the war while those who were still trying to immigrate were being denied and pushed away.
Doctors and other professional immigrants were preferred but still some were denied. The 1956 Immigration and Naturalization Act came into play and began The Fourth Wave. This act made a push against all the racism in the country and began giving immigrants a chance to enter. It raised the cap of how many could enter and made the requirements better such as bringing a family together. The introduction of jets and other forms of transportation made immigrating quicker and cheaper.
More and more immigrants were coming from the government repressions and the third world country poverty status increasing. Although amongst all these new and better things, illegal immigration began and changed the tide of immigration. Many people began opposing immigrants and some citizens began becoming angry that their jobs were being taken by illegal immigrants. This still exists today and is still trying to be resolved by President Trump. At the end of the day, you can’t have America without immigration.
Immigration was absolutely horrible for those who just wanted a chance at a better life and this problem still persists today. Most don’t know the history of immigration but if given the time and info to learn about it, I’m sure many would be able to empathize with them. Immigration is a tough problem we have in our country and its history feels somewhat hidden but now you can say you have heard the true American story. The story of immigration.