During the second World War, the Nazi party wanted to eradicate
all of the Jewish culture, this included the stories, the houses, the works of
art, and most importantly, the people. During this horrible genocide of not
only the human beings themselves, but also the history and culture of the
people of the Jewish religion. Before and during the second world war, the nazi
party was eradicating works of art that was made or represented factors of the
Jewish religion. This was known as Nazi plundering, starting in 1933 and
finishing at the end of the second world war (1945). Nazi plundering refers to
the theft and destruction as it is organized looting of valuable artifacts from
the Nazi party. The looting came throughout the countries that they would
conquest during the second world war.

Adolf Hitler himself coined the word ‘degenerate’ by referring to Jewish art, as he believed that it was an insult to the art form. He wanted all
forms of art, valuable or not, to be taken back into the property of the Nazi
regime, and this was because he wanted all the most valuable artwork to be held
in his new museum in his hometown in Linz, Austria, called the Führermuseum. His goals were both financial and cultural. Not only
did Hitler want to enrich the Third Reich and its leaders with exquisite and
culturally significant treasures, but he also intended to repatriate artworks
once stolen from Germany, sell looted
art that did not reflect the Reich’s ideals, and demonstrate the art
that he believed was worthy to be called art according to his perspective.

(USMM, 2017) In Mein Kampf,  Hitler
ferociously attacked modern art as degenerate, including art forms such as: Cubism, Futurism and Dadaism all
of which he considered the product of a decadent twentieth century society. To
retrieve the artworks, Adolf Hitler had a special team called the Kunstschutz,
which were specifically told to gather artwork from families, often forcefully
and bring them back for the good of the Aryan race.

although most plunder was acquired during the war. In addition to
gold, silver and currency, cultural items of great significance were stolen,
including paintings, ceramics, books, and religious treasures. Although most of
these items were recovered by agents of the Allied forces retaliation squad to
the Kunstschutz called; Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives program (MFAA, also
known as the Monuments Men), many of them are still missing. An example of this
is how they have recently discovered in 2013 in a Munich grubby apartment, over
1 billion euros  worth of art, being in
the possession of an 80-year old man, which has participated in selling these
products in the black market for a substantial amount of money  (Spiegel, 2013). Even to this day, There are
international efforts searching and trying to identify stolen art forms from
the Nazi plunders and ultimately return the objects to their rightful owners,
rightful heirs or respective countries.Art collections from prominent Jewish
families, including the Rothschilds, the Rosenbergs, the Wildensteins and the
Schloss Family were the targets of confiscations because of their significant
value, since they were one of the most prominent Jewish families in the world.

Also Jewish art dealers sold art to German organizations, usually under duress,
as they would be heavily persuaded to do so, and often with blackmail. The
officers of the Kunstschutz would raid a house of a Jewish family and steal the
valuables without any permission from the respective owner, and even if the
owner denied them entry, they would break in and take what they wanted, using
violent methods if necessary. They would kick down the door to plunder any of
the artworks that would represent any form of art that would interest Adolf

Even though there have been attempts for
reparations towards the people affected by the Nazi plundering, there have
still been some people and artifacts that have not been accounted for and there
is a possibility that these artifacts will never return to their rightful
owners, and the people affected by these crimes will never see justice for
these actions.


I'm Katy!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out