Effective Communication (Oral and
Written) in Education


Teaching is
clearly one of those jobs that requires high skill in communication. The
listening, speaking, reading, and writing capability of an individual is a must
before he/she began teaching. According to Freddie Silver (2017), excellent
teachers are those who are “proficient in communicating, receiving information,
and understanding and synthesizing it to express at a high level, therefore
transmitting knowledge, skills, and values while communicating their care to
their students.”. He added that an excellent teacher motivates their students
to learn. Communication is not a one way channel. It is both “receptive and
expressive” as Silver said. Teachers should not only teach or express, but hear
and receive at the same time. The opinions and ideas of students matters as
much as teachers’.


Silver stated
that teachers “must be able to break down complex ideas into simpler parts and
smaller steps to transmit to their students.”. A teacher’s job is not only to
state a word’s definition, but to be able to teach his/her students how to use
the word, when should it be used, and why would you use it. This would only be
possible if the teacher has the capability to communicate himself/herself
properly. Explanations would be dull and harder for students to grasp
otherwise. A complete understanding of the subject matter, with the proper
communicating skills, is definitely a manifestation of an excellent teacher.


Teachers should
not only communicate what they teach, but also their care and concern for their
students through tone of voice and body language as added by Silver. Effective
communication can be achieved if both parties address each other well and shows
respect and concern to one another. The teaching method would be far less
effectual if one of the two communicating with each other is unwilling. There
must be adequate efforts of speaking and listening on both sides for the
education itself be more effective, and it will only be possible if the teacher
himself/herself is eager to be concerned with his/her students and vice versa.
Appreciation for the students work and success is definitely an encouragement
to them.

Silver stated
that it is not only through the students themselves that the teachers should
express themselves, but also to their parents. Every student has their own
strengths and weaknesses, and their parents must understand those entirely as
to not misjudge their children, and rather support them. This is one of the
reasons why teachers should be excellent communicators as well, because a
well-stated criticism of the them to the parent’s children will lead to parents
guiding their children better. A well guided child is more likely to be a
better student than those who does lack supervision. Face to face confrontation
of teachers and parents is very necessary for the education system to be more
effective, and requires much of communicating skills.


According to
Kevin Clayton (2017), “While most of the work done by schools is focused
educating their pupils, many head teachers realise the importance of
maintaining and constantly improving communication parents. A lot of research
and study has been undertaken in recent years that prove the benefits of
involving parents more deeply in the educational process.”. This tells us that
the teacher-parent relationships help on improving the educational quality
obtained by the students by making sure that parents are involved in their
children’s education. Parents are encouraged to contact their children’s
teachers as much as possible.


Another point
claimed by Silver, that “Good teaching involves consultation with colleagues.”,
is something most have been overlooking at. Good communication between teachers
and professors signifies a better environment for academic learning and
teaching. Teachers that criticize and are being criticized are those whose
teaching capabilities would be improved, laying down one by one each others
strengths and weaknesses. As Silver mentioned, “teachers stay abreast of new
developments in education by reading journals, listening to new ideas from
their administrators and school board consultants, and sharing and discussing
these ideas with colleagues.”.


According to
Valita Quattlebaum (2012), the benefits of having an effective communicating
school faculty are (1) Keeps parents infromed about the activities involving
their children, (2) Helps in promoting both the student and faculty’s
achievement, (3) Provides reliable information every time especially during
crises and more. It solidifies the statement of Clayton that proper
communication will establish better relationships for the parents and teachers
and the parents with their children themselves, resulting to better student
guidance. With the current technology of this generation, it is not too hard to
connect with more and more people everyday, from the internet down to the
smartphones, everyone seems to be in touch. It is far more valuable for
teachers to include the parents in their journey to producing top class
students, as they are both the building blocks of education, not the teachers
and schools alone. Promoting ones achievements and acknowledging them is the
best way to teach people to do better and yearn for it. An acknowledged student
is likely to perform well as how he did perform before to keep the
acknowledgments and awards coming, compared to those who do good but did not
get acknowledged. It is a simple but effective way to promote academic
excellence. Not only the one student who obtained a medal can benefit to being
acknowledged, but those who hunger for it as well, will pursue and try harder
on studying even more. An institution without effective communication would
simply ignore ones achievements and continues their work without honoring a
person’s success, thus, reducing the overall drive to work harder.

A school is not
only a place for studying, but also for relaying relevant information to
citizens during crises and emergencies such as storms or earthquakes. Schools
are often used as emergency shelters, as it can hold a large amount of people,
especially those who have gymnasiums. Assuming an crisis took place, the
school’s staff and faculties are requested to do their duties to help and
provide people with food, shelter, and information, and as such, requires
proper communicating skills and abilities for them to be able to serve better.
Since most schools do hire teachers that can communicate well, they are the
best in terms of leading and guiding evacuees, because communication is the key
in surpassing such a difficult event.

A teacher should
be able to use their country’s language for them to be able to effectively
teach their students. The proper manipulation and sentences construction, quick
thinking, and correct execution are skills that a good teacher should posses,
as they factor on how students see studying and absorb the lessons being
taught. A student will understand a more direct approach and clear spoken
explanations rather than a dull one. Teaching is like cutting a chunk of
vegetable with a knife. The sharper the knife is, the easier for it to cut,
similar to a teacher’s communicating skills. The better the teacher could
express himself, the easier for the students to learn. It is not an
overstatement if one say that “Communication is a key for a brighter future”,
be it small-scale such as families or students with their teachers, or
large-scale like companies, communities, or countries, it proves to be the
tying string to connect us humans to one another if used properly and not
generate catastrophes, but understanding.



Different Communication Materials
in Education


“Children are
also benefiting from advances in technology. It means that parents are in a
sense ‘more on the ball’ than they may have been in the past. Parents aren’t
just being contacted when things go wrong or if there is a problem that needs
to be addressed. They’re involved in the school’s communication strategy and
head teachers can now put this kind of approach at the forefront of all their
policies.” added by Clayton in his essay. This is  being implemented in Malayan Colleges Laguna,
where the contact information of parents of all students are gathered, and
being used when students have done something against the school’s law or
against his/her classmates, faculty, or schoolmates. This helpful as the
students can be disciplined further by their parents after school to guide them
to the right path of behavior.

Social media has
been widely used by people to communicate with one another this past decade as
it proved to be easier and a lot faster than the conventional mailing and
texting through phones. Education is not an exemption. According to Ofcom, “66%
of all adults aged 16+ have a profile on at least one social networking site,
and thought the report doesn’t break down these figures by age group, it’s
reasonable to assume that among those of university age, that percentage could
potentially be much higher.”. The population of social media users in the
student age group is assumed to be the majority, that’s why social media’s
influence is definitely huge. Schools responds to this by increasing their use
of social media as well to market their own institution, or to improve their
academic communication. Schools of the new generation are seen to be
implementing communication strategies for the teacher-student relationship to
work better. Facebook is the most common social media platform to be harnessed
it’s capabilities in the current educational systems of our era. Teachers and
students can create a “group chat” to further the communication between them
inside and especially outside of their corresponding schools. Also teachers can
chat a single student, to tell him/her how he does academically, his/her
strengths and weaknesses, and how he/she can improve or do better. This also
applies to the student’s parents, as the teacher-parent relationship is now easier
to establish with social media.

eLearning is an
“electronically mediated asynchronous and synchronous communication for
constructing and confirming knowledge” according to Garrison (2011). Sangra et
al (2012) claimed that it can be considered as a “natural evolution of distance
learning by taking advantage of the tools emerged in the context of technology
for structuring education”. eLearning is one of the most recent tools for the
current education institutions to utilize, and requires internet access and
communication devices for both teachers and students. There has never been a
level of communication this extensive before the internet became prevalent, and
should not be taken for granted as such.

According to
Osiyemi (2016), eLearning has been relevant in the education of this era. “This
encourage students to take responsibility for their own learning to build
self-confidence as said” by Osiyemi. He claimed that “eLearning has a positive
impact on teaching and learning, and its role is an extensive part in education
if properly adopted.” The communication between teachers and their students is
taken to another level with the adaptation of this technology. An example of
which is being implemented already in the Malayan Colleges Laguna, known to be
as the “MCL Blackboard Learn”. Teachers can task students different assignments
and activities that students can submit in the said online academic platform.
It is designed so that the teacher-student communication outside school is
managed properly, as students can easily assess their performance by seeing
their grades, and look for themselves where would they need to improve.

A powerpoint
presentation seen from a projector or a tv screen is one of the tools being
used worldwide not only in companies but also schools and academic
institutions. It is simply the easiest way to display and convey information,
be it an opinion, statement, definition, or graphs and charts. It is one of the
easiest presentation tools to master and utilize, and provides convenience to
both teachers and students. A numerous amount of words could be easily
displayed in a television instead of being written on the blackboard by
teachers, thus, making the teaching and learning process a lot faster and more
efficient. It is by far the most effective medium of teaching as it encompasses
both ease of use and efficiency of information absorption. The powerpoint
presentation themselves can also easily be uploaded in a social media or
eLearning platform for the students to utilize the learning materials even
after class. As technology grows, so does the level of communication through
different devices and medium. In the near future, technology of communication
devices would drastically improve, and the educational system will hugely
benefit from it.



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