Future picture of climate changein India The problem of climate changestarted when the average temperature of the earth increased and now it is 15°C(BBC News 2018). It is also stated by experts that if climate change continues,summers in India could last for about 8 months due to prolonged heat-waveconditions. The environmental condition of India will be a combination of heatand humidity and this combination is known as “wet-bulb temperature”.This temperature never crossed above 32°C but scientists portray that thetemperature currently touch 31°C and if climate change continues, it willexceed 35°C (BBC News 2018). This weather is dangerous for workers mainly doingoutdoor jobs as their cardiovascular and respiratory conditions will getadversely impacted. Experts also says that India will be one of the mostaffected countries due to the increase in population that is estimated to be1.7 billion by 2050 according to a risk index released at COP23 (Nasir2018).
In addition to that, the monsoonproblem in India will increase in the next 25 years as published in HindustanTimes (Hindustan Times 2018). The data represents that 25% and 40% of districtsfaced heavy rainfall and drought in 2017 (Hindustan Times 2018). Taken forinstance, Bengaluru City faced 30% of its annual rain in a single day. So, itcan be stated that the continuation of climate change will cause water crisis,more droughts and rainfalls, cloudburst and challenge to food security. TheFourth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change(IPCC 2007) has given spotlight on the threat of floods by the melting glaciersin the Himalayas (Billett 2010). Comparison between India and other countrysuffering from climate change In other part of the world likeSouth America, the agriculture is already impacted and in India also thiseffect will be soon witnessed and the effect will be on the 48.8% of theIndia’s working population currently employed for agricultural purpose(Hindustan Times 2018).
Kumar et al.(2014) stated that in northeast Agartala; last 5 years they hadreceived more than 11 times of daily monsoon rain and India’s rising sea surface temperatures resulted inheavy monsoon rainfall in the area Bihar, Odisha, and Jharkhand, West Bengal,Gujarat, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. In LatinAmerica, the decrease in soil water results in replacement of tropical forestthat leads to desertification and salinization of agricultural land; the same adversity occurs inHimalayas, northern and Western Ghats according to the vulnerability index(Auffhammer et al. 2012). India isliable for 4.
4% carbon emission due to livestock and if the problem of climatechange increases, these livestock will face animal health problems (Thornton et al. 2014). In Arctic andAntarctica regions, the thickness and extent of glaciers will get reduced andthe depth of summer will increase and this will impact migrating birds andmammals (News.bbc.co.uk 2018).
Moreover, in Australia and New Zealand, theclimate change leads to water shortages and in future likely to lose importantpart of their wildlife in Great Barrier Reef and Kakadu National Park by theyear 2020 (BBC News 2018). Reference List Auffhammer, M., Ramanathan, V. and Vincent, J.R., 2012.Climate change, the monsoon, and rice yield in India. Climatic Change, 111(2),pp.
411-424.BBC News.,2018. What is climate change? online Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-24021772Accessed 14 Jan. 2018. HindustanTimes.
, 2018. In next 25 years river floods to impact six times more Indians.online Available at:http://www.
hindustantimes.com/environment/in-next-25-years-river-floods-to-impact-six-times-more-indians/story-ikZF6evA6mWJiSFo4nQxKM.htmlAccessed 14 Jan. 2018.Kumar, S.N., Aggarwal, P.K.
, Rani, D.S., Saxena, R.,Chauhan, N. and Jain, S., 2014. Vulnerability of wheat production to climatechange in India.
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in/article/Water-Crisis-Food-Security-Amidst-Climate-Change-In-India/05-01-2018-136534/Accessed 14 Jan. 2018.News.
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