Future picture of climate change
in India

            The problem of climate change
started when the average temperature of the earth increased and now it is 15°C
(BBC News 2018). It is also stated by experts that if climate change continues,
summers in India could last for about 8 months due to prolonged heat-wave
conditions. The environmental condition of India will be a combination of heat
and humidity and this combination is known as “wet-bulb temperature”.
This temperature never crossed above 32°C but scientists portray that the
temperature currently touch 31°C and if climate change continues, it will
exceed 35°C (BBC News 2018). This weather is dangerous for workers mainly doing
outdoor jobs as their cardiovascular and respiratory conditions will get
adversely impacted. Experts also says that India will be one of the most
affected countries due to the increase in population that is estimated to be
1.7 billion by 2050 according to a risk index released at COP23 (Nasir
2018).  In addition to that, the monsoon
problem in India will increase in the next 25 years as published in Hindustan
Times (Hindustan Times 2018). The data represents that 25% and 40% of districts
faced heavy rainfall and drought in 2017 (Hindustan Times 2018). Taken for
instance, Bengaluru City faced 30% of its annual rain in a single day. So, it
can be stated that the continuation of climate change will cause water crisis,
more droughts and rainfalls, cloudburst and challenge to food security. The
Fourth Assessment Report from the Intergovernmental Panel on climate change
(IPCC 2007) has given spotlight on the threat of floods by the melting glaciers
in the Himalayas (Billett 2010).

 

Comparison between India and other country
suffering from climate change

            In other part of the world like
South America, the agriculture is already impacted and in India also this
effect will be soon witnessed and the effect will be on the 48.8% of the
India’s working population currently employed for agricultural purpose
(Hindustan Times 2018).

Kumar et al.
(2014) stated that in northeast Agartala; last 5 years they had
received more than 11 times of daily monsoon rain and India’s rising sea surface temperatures resulted in
heavy monsoon rainfall in the area Bihar, Odisha, and Jharkhand, West Bengal,
Gujarat, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. In Latin
America, the decrease in soil water results in replacement of tropical forest
that leads to desertification and salinization of agricultural land; the same adversity occurs in
Himalayas, northern and Western Ghats according to the vulnerability index
(Auffhammer et al. 2012). India is
liable for 4.4% carbon emission due to livestock and if the problem of climate
change increases, these livestock will face animal health problems (Thornton et al. 2014). In Arctic and
Antarctica regions, the thickness and extent of glaciers will get reduced and
the depth of summer will increase and this will impact migrating birds and
mammals (News.bbc.co.uk 2018). Moreover, in Australia and New Zealand, the
climate change leads to water shortages and in future likely to lose important
part of their wildlife in Great Barrier Reef and Kakadu National Park by the
year 2020 (BBC News 2018). 

 

 

 Reference List

Auffhammer, M., Ramanathan, V. and Vincent, J.R., 2012.
Climate change, the monsoon, and rice yield in India. Climatic Change, 111(2),
pp.411-424.

BBC News.,
2018. What is climate change? online Available at: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-24021772
Accessed 14 Jan. 2018.

 

Hindustan
Times., 2018. In next 25 years river floods to impact six times more Indians.
online Available at:
http://www.hindustantimes.com/environment/in-next-25-years-river-floods-to-impact-six-times-more-indians/story-ikZF6evA6mWJiSFo4nQxKM.html
Accessed 14 Jan. 2018.

Kumar, S.N., Aggarwal, P.K., Rani, D.S., Saxena, R.,
Chauhan, N. and Jain, S., 2014. Vulnerability of wheat production to climate
change in India. Climate Research, 59(3), pp.173-187.

Nasir, N, 2018.
Water Crisis, Food Security Amidst Climate Change In India. online BW
Businessworld. Available at:
http://businessworld.in/article/Water-Crisis-Food-Security-Amidst-Climate-Change-In-India/05-01-2018-136534/
Accessed 14 Jan. 2018.

News.bbc.co.uk.,
2018. BBC News – Climate change around the world. online Available at:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/629/629/6528979.stm#arctic Accessed 14
Jan. 2018.

Thornton, P. K., Ericksen, P. J., Herrero, M., &
Challinor, A. J. (2014). Climate variability and vulnerability to climate
change: a review. Global change biology, 20(11), 3313-3328.

 

 

 

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