However, with regards to the measures laid down in the world to care for every child, the problem of child work deprived countless children of their most basic privileges. However, organisations such as United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), Concerned for Working Children (CWC), and International Labour Organization (ILO) report estimated number of 266 million children die from child work. Therefore, there is the need to ban to save these children live to build a better nation for them to live in and enjoy childhood experience.
Up till now, there are disadvantaged children in most countries who spent their early days in work, rather than schooling. The truth is, many families can’t do without supplemental earnings and encourage their children to go to factories instead of sending them to school (UNICEF Study, 2011). Evidence of this has been established in rich countries, including the US and Europe. Nowadays, most States have child-work acts which support children education regardless of the child’s family’s economic background (Dessy and Knowles, 2001). Even though implementation policies have put in order in countries to discourage child work as well as increase schooling by reducing the cost of education using educational grants, there are still young children who worked in numerous hours in hazardous factories to earn money to cater for themselves and their families (Edmonds and Pavcnik, 2005).
According to contemporary economic theories of the household, Becker (1976) and Rosenzweig & Evenson (1977) argued that selfless parents only send their children to work when this increases the welfare of the family. Consequently, the laws mandating compulsory education can only diminish the protection of households, particularly those children who come from disadvantaged families. Having argued that, child work can have significant effects on the health and overall development while working in hazardous conditions for a very long time. If these children got injured at work, they would often receive inadequate medical treatment, if any at all. Some people may say that children working and earning money can be a positive experience in a child’s growth, but this can have long-term health problems due to malnutrition, exposure to chemicals, abuse and weariness (O’Donnell, Doorslaer and Rosati, 2005; Woodhead, 2004).
Child work is a global issue linked with poverty, inadequate educational, opportunities and gender inequality (Roggero et al., 2007). Children working takes away children essential rights and freedom of education which might undermine the usefulness of the classroom; therefore, it needs to ban to allow children to acquire these privileges set by UNCRC. Child work deprived children of being attached to their parents, families, and friends as they are exposed to the dangerous environment to find themselves hawking on the street to make means (Rea, 2008). Also, with regards to their young age, they often inexpensive to employ and can be expelled quickly.
Policies are not mandatory to companies, and most of the businesses incline to abuse this situation while living adults face difficulties to find work due to child work. Adults feel inefficient and embarrassed when they cannot help their family due to these societal problems (UNICEF STUDY, 2011; Edmonds and Pavcnik, 2005).Although there are principles and laws in place to forbid child work, they are not compulsory in the agricultural, fishing, manufacturing, mining, and, domestic sectors henceforth it needs to stop for all, as these influences the lives of numerous children. There countries who are still employing young children and haven’t convicted (Moehling, 1999). Though, policies and legislation set to eradicate child work in the globe, there are countries such as Asia, Africa and West American who still employ children to work instead of offering them an education. Due to the improper education system in the rural areas as well as needy families with low income which has led to an estimated number of 151.6 million children aged five to seventeen in child labour. These children engage in rough employment and low pay salaries which is dangerous to them (Rea, 2008; Mazhuvanchery, 2017; ILO, 2013; Lleras?Muney, 2002).
Though, these evaluations don’t include household responsibilities for girls who usually do most of the house chores were not incorporated into the description of child labour (UNICEF Study, 2011). According to International Labour Organization (ILO), eradicating child labour can offer children a genuine education and boost the income of the world by four trillion. The reason is that it will provide the adult with the chance to get work with decent pay to increase the economy (Mazhuvanchery, 2017).Likewise, the agreement of India constitution of compulsory free education for children age four to fourteen and prohibiting children from working; there is still rampant child labour in the informal sectors of the country economy (Roy, 2011). Ghana, on the other hand, has some higher percentages of children aged 5-17 years engaged in child labour in which boys are the higher rate than girls.
The Rural savannah had the highest rate of children in child labour, between the ages, 12-14 years were more likely to be engaged in child work. However, there is a higher percentage of boys than girls participating in economic occupation (Uebelhoer, 2008). Similarly, there one-third of children from developing countries falling to complete four years of their formal education (Barrett, 2017). The causes of children workers have made it a difficult to implement the UNCRC in all the countries with the same emphasis. Child work may be helpful to some of its victims, but on the other hand, it removes young children from their childhood and potentials (Basu, 2003).In 2008, a study conducted by UNICEF which has an estimated 215 million girls and boys involving in child labour and which has interfered with academic and their overall development (Mazhuvanchery, 2017).
Furthermore, child labour has consequences influence on children psychological, physiological and their mental health. Lack of financial is one of the components of child work according to UK committee for UNICEF as these children supposed to earn from an early age to assists themselves and their families. Likewise, these children are forced to steal or indulge in prostitution due to excess population and poverty. Despite this, these children who are involved in child labour are often used by an adult for sex, set off into early marriages with no experiences as well as sexual images while these will damage children future. The above description will put children at higher risk of sexually transmitted disease, malnutrition, and physical abuse and it turns to affects children intellectual abilities and less ability for reasoning (Ali Norozi and Moen, 2016; ILO,2013; Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Therefore, eradicating child labour will help children to share a typical course of physical changes and development. On the order hand, children who involve themselves in the robbery, hijacking cars, stolen goods, and shoplifting or forced to take part in criminal activities can leave a child without a childhood.
Behaviour like this will put children in a state of panic, anxiety, and depression instead of spending time playing with friends and families. Therefore, they always feel powerless and never feel safe (Basu, 1999). The reason is that all these types of work interfere with children education as most children have neither time nor the energy to attend school.
For instance, these children may have to bend over in one place or crawl in small areas which can generate disfigurement, spinal injuries and difficulty to walk straight (ILO, 2013; Hobbs, McKechnie and Lavalette, 1999).More so, the efforts intended to strengthen child protection on societal norms there is still societal practice that harms children with the belief that females are well off working at home, which subsequently refuses them their right on education just because they are females. Focusing on this norm can positively impact female’s education and aid end their right to education (UNICEF Study, 2011). Overall, understanding the effects that influence child work education attendance, performance or achievement depends on significant of what children would accomplish if they were not employed, and this is a primary challenge for this debate.