In our project, we divided the topic into 5 points
which are history of EU and Turkey, advantages for Turkey, advantages for EU,
disadvantages for Turkey and disadvantages for EU. In the conclusion part, we
will describe you the general view of these points.

The process of Turkey’s applying for European Union
has started in the 1960’s when Turkey became partner member of the EU. Since
that time, Turkey tried many attempts to change its official status into the
status of what European Commodity want for candidate countries. Today, Turkey
still has not been able to complete its European integration process, and the
country may officially suspend its application for European Union.

There are many advantages to both sides whereas there
are many disadvantages too. In our opinion, based on the findings of our
analysis, it can be said that the European integration alternative is definitely
beneficial to the Turkish state in the context of comparison between the
possible positive and negative effects. There are potential benefits which will
be provided by European Union to Turkey which are economic, politic and social
advantages. These are the benefits which even Turkey will have while process of
integration with EU, therefore the integration is very important for Turkish
foreign politics in order to get benefit while associate member. By joining the
European Union as its full-fledged member, Turkey would get an opportunity to
significantly boost its economic development thanks to the far greater openness
of the European member states’ markets. Moreover, Turkey would be able to grant
its energy security in the long-term period through the participation in mutual
energy security programs.

The disadvantages which Turkey may face after being
member of EU can be described as migration of young skilled workers, loosing
national sovereignty and change in economic regulations between non-EU countries.
Towards European integration, Turkey has carried out many reforms in all areas
of activity. Thus, the Turkish legislation in the economic and social spheres
has long since unilaterally adhered to European Union legislation and standards
in order to comply with the accession criteria introduced by the EU. In the
early 2000s, Turkey has carried out a wave of economic reform, organized the
country’s economic indicators and financial results to bring into line with
European Union requirements. With this cost-effective results of economic
reforms in Turkey, the Maastricht criteria and was able to fulfill the country
economically as of today, it is compatible with the requirements of the
candidate. Moreover, in the social context, the EU has succeeded in meeting the
EU’s basic requirements for the protection of human rights and freedoms, and is
still taking steps to improve the situation in this segment. However, the
integration process has not progressed significantly in recent times, which can
be explained by objective conditions. (Rashad Gurbanov, Yuriy Bilan, Wadim
Strielkowski / Montenegrin Journal of Economics,  Vol. 11, No. 2 (2015), 7-30)

The benefits to European Union are also can be defined
as more than disadvantages. EU will gain labor force, military power, strategic
borders between Middle East and higher export level from Turkey. Turkey is
large and growing domestic market, its mature and dynamic private sector, its
leading role in the region, its liberal and secure investment environment, the
supply of a high quality and cost-effective labor force, as well as developed
infrastructure and an instituonal economy, Turkey would bring considerable
economic gains for the EU.

With its fast-growing economy, Turkey appeases all
concerns that it would be burden on the EU budget. On the contrary, it would
help the EU in achieve a competitive advantage against emerging markets in Asia
and America. EU covers almost 55% of Turkey’s export and 35% of import. This is
a high percentage of strong EU-Turkey relationship. With this accession, there
are not only advantages or disadvantages for both parts but also there will be
an engagement and peace between Christian and Muslim world which will be
increased by the success in accession.

The resources and comments about this accession can be
changed yearly because of the change in global economy, politics and
socio-cultural environment. According to our researches, we can say that
nowadays both parts are not willing to this accession because of the war in
Syria, immigration problems, political problems between Turkey and some of
European countries and also the problems inside of EU makes Turkey think more
about this accession in a negative way. According to some articles on some of
discussion websites of EU countries, people worry about current Turkish
government because of change in human rights and freedom of people can affect
EU regulations. Therefore, any of resources can not inform certainly about this
accession in the future.


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