conclusion, Zika virus has spread rapidly into
new regions in a short timeframe, facilitated by the transfer of infected
humans or mosquitos across borders and oceans. Although the disease itself is
not severe, the possible connections with adverse pregnancy outcomes and
Gullianin-Barre Syndrome warrant intensive research.  Zika virus is a potential threat because
transmission to local Aedes mosquitoes from
infected returned travellers is a risk. Health professionals and authorities
should be alert to the threat posed and continually keep up with latest
guidelines and emerging new evidence.


In 2016, Zika virus disease became a nationally notifiable
condition. In the US, Zika virus cases are reported to Centers for Disease
Control (CDC) by state, territorial, and local health departments using
standard case definitions. In US States there
are 5,102 symptomatic Zika virus disease cases were reported.  95% cases in travelers returning from affected areas. 4% cases acquired
through presumed local mosquito-borne transmission in Florida. 1% cases acquired
through other routes, including sexual
transmission, laboratory transmission, and person-to-person
through an unknown route. While nearly 1,000 pregnant women with evidence of Zika completed their
pregnancies and some had babies with Zika-related birth defects. 5% with
possible Zika had birth defects. 10% with confirmed Zika had birth defects. 15%
with confirmed Zika in the first trimester had birth defects. Brain imaging at
birth is critical to identify babies who may appear healthy but have underlying
brain defects and to ensure they receive the care that they need.


the main mode of transmission of Zika Virus is between humans through the bite
of an infected female mosquito of the Aedes Aegypti species. The treatment is
generally supportive, include rest, fluids, and use of analgesics and
antipyretics, but for the Zika treatment there is no specific treatment method
to be treated.  Not to forget we can prevent the mosquito bites by staying indoors, wearing
long-sleeved shirts and long pants, using environmental protection agency
registered insect repellent, use mosquito nets, avoiding nonessential travel to
countries currently facing the wrath of ZIKV infection. For pregnant women,
have more detailed about the travelling if needed, but in safe way they not
encouraged to travel to affected countries, due to surge of microcephaly cases.


the symptoms of Zika Virus infection include fever, headache, red eyes, rash,
muscle aches, and joint pain. The symptoms are usually mild compared to dengue
and chikungunya, because it’s last longer duration if compared with Zika. The Zika virus also
infecting the development of  brain cells
which most heard like babies are born with abnormally small heads and brains.


Thereby, based on our own survey conducted among KPJ
Healthcare University College students themselves are very much aware about the
Zika Virus outbreak across the country. As now is the age of
advanced technology, there is no reason they can’t get all the information at
the fingertips. Not forgetting
the lifestyle of KPJ students themselves that sticks to the principles of
healthcare providers.


final word goes to Morens and Fauci:


“In our human-dominated world, urban
crowding, constant international travel, and other human behaviors combined
with human-caused microperturbations in ecologic balance can cause innumerable
slumbering infectious agents to emerge unexpectedly. In response, we clearly
need to up our game with broad and integrated research that expands
understanding of the complex ecosystems in which agents of future pandemics are
aggressively evolving.”


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