In thisparagraph , this paragraph has covered that significant objectives which arerelated to socialism under the light of detailed explanation . The socialistterm comes from the Latin community, which means to merge or share . In 1827,the earliest known use was published in the Cooperatives Journal in England .Those who followed Robert Owen in England and Henri de Saint – Simon in Franceat the beginning of 1830s that began to express their beliefs as socialism . Whenthe time came to the 1840s, the term was widely used in many industrializedcountries especially in Belgium , German and France states .Socialism isan ideology defined by the attempt to offer a more humane and socially valuablealternative as an opposition to capitalism . The essence of socialism is thevision of social beings united with the common humanity of people .

As JohnDonne said that no one is an island in his own right ; every human being ispart of the continent , part of the main part . It emphasizes the degree towhich individual identities are modeled by social interaction and membership ofsocial groups and collective organs . Therefore , socialists prefer to cooperatewith competition and prefer collectivism to individualism . Defining andevaluating the central and some socialization values is equality ; socialism issometimes depicted as a form of egalitarianism . Socialists believe that socialequity is a fundamental guarantee of social stability and integration thatpromotes freedom in the sense of meeting material needs and forming a basis forpersonal development . The socialist movement has traditionally expressed theinterests of the industrial working class , which is systematically oppressedor structurally disadvantaged within the capitalist system . The aim ofsocialism is to reduce or eliminate class divisions .

On the otherhand ,  socialism involves the astonishing diversityof divisions and rival traditions . Utopian socialism or ethical socialism ,capitalism , essentially develops a spiritual critique . In short , socialismcapitalism depicts moral superiority because humanity is the moral creaturesconnected with each other by bonds of love, sympathy and compassion .Scientific socialism makes a scientific analysis of the historical and socialdevelopment that predicts that socialism , not Marxism , can replace capitalism, but capitalism . A second distinction concerns the difference betweenreaching socialism , that is , between revolution and reform . Revolutionarysocialism , the communist tradition , is most clearly reflected in therevolutionary class of the current political and social system , based on thebelief that socialism is merely the whims of existing state structures and theinterests of capitalism .

Reformist socialism ( sometimes called evolution,parliament or democratic socialism ) believes in socialism through the pollsand thus accepts basic liberal democratic principles such as ratification , constitutionalism, and party competition . Finally , there are profound differences on thenature of the socialist project , the end of socialism . Fundamentalistsocialism aims to remove and change the capitalist system , which seessocialism as qualitatively different from capitalism . Fundamentalistsocialists , such as Marxists and communists , are often equal in commonownership of some forms of socialism . Revisionist socialism is aimed atreforming , not removing capitalism , seeking shelter between market activityand the permanent spiritual vision of socialism . This is most clearlyexpressed in social democracy . Socialismemerged as a response to the social and economic conditions created in Europewith the growth of industrial capitalism .

The birth of socialist thought wasclosely related to the development of a new but growing industrial workingclass , a characteristic of early industrialization , which often experiencedpoverty and deterioration . For over two hundred years , socialism was the mainopposition force in capitalist societies and expressed the interests of theoppressed and disadvantaged peoples in many parts of the world . The maininfluence of socialism is the twentieth-century communist and social democraticmovements . However , at the end of the 20th century , socialism had falleninto some spectacular reverse and led some to declare the death of socialism . Themost interesting of these reversals was the collapse of communism in the 1989 -91 Eastern European Revolution . Partly in response to this , and partly as aresult of globalization and changing social structures , parliamentarysocialist parties in various parts of the world have reexamined and sometimesrejected traditional socialist principles . The socialpower of morality is about people having capacity , not what they look like .

This has led socialists to develop the utopian vision of a better society inwhich a community of mankind can perform real emancipation and fulfillment asmembers . In this sense , despite the disruptions of the end of the twentiethcentury , socialism is destined to survive as a reminder that human developmentcan go beyond market individualism . Critics of socialism are still advancingone of the two arguments . First , socialism is irreversibly flawed because ofits relationship with statism .

The emphasis on collectivism leads to theapproval of the state as a public order . Both communism and social democracyare versions of socialism in this sense ; socialism means the expansion ofstate control and the restriction of freedom . The second argument emphasizesdissonance and disorder in modern socialist theory . In this view , socialismis only meaningful as a critique of capitalism or an alternative .

The acceptanceof market principles as socialists therefore shows that socialism itself isinaccurate or that its analyzes do not , in fact , root out on socialist ideasand theories . Bu?ra Sarper Seçen                                                                                                                             2151678

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