In Pakistan Murders in the name of honour are prevalent, mostlyin rural areas however some incidence are reported in urban cities of Pakistan.Named differently according to region, Karo kari in Sindh, kala kali in Punjab,siyakari in Balochistan, and tor tora in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
according to asurvey (Thomson Reuters Foundation Trust 2011) Pakistan is number three in theworld most dangerous countries for women. In Sindh this is a deep rooted custom, normally its not considered as murder,and murderers are backed by their families, practiced largly in tribal areas of Kashmore, Khairpur, Shikarpur, sukkur, Ghotkiand Jacobabad..Exact statistics is unknown due to under-reporting of suchinciden because most of the time they hide it . according to Human RightsCommission of Pakistan 2012, every year 1000 women and girls are killed inPakistan. According to Research and Development for Human Resource for the year2011 in 2012, 605 women and 115 men were murdered in the name of karo kari. Accordingto official data published by Pakistani senate in 2004, the highest number ofreported karo kari cases were in Punjab, then in Sindh, then in North_WestFrontier Province and then in South_western Province of Baluchistan.
In sindh Jacobabad is leading in honourkillings around 55 to 60 cases a month(Nafeesa shah, 1998).In islam killing is not allowed in any way, karo kari isunislamic practice. If we go back and try to find out the root of honourkilling in India it may evolved fromcustom of sati. According to the custom of satti when a man died woman burnherself with her husband. During British rule in India Sir Charles James Napierban this practice and made a law of punishment.
But still that custom wascontinued. Sir Charles james napierarrived in sindh in 1848 and he banned karo kari in Sindh as well. Sindhi culture is not inclined to violenceagainst woman, They were more focused to their land expansion, wealth. Now question is how it became a custom ofsindhi culture. It is assumed that its came from baloch tribal areas as theyhave intense attitude toward woman. Because of more empowerning resources and goodsupply of water in Sindh baloch people started to come to sindh, as soon asBaloch people moved to sindh cultural changes occurred. And karo kari custompenetrated in sindhi culture, and today in sindh leading honour killing occursin Jacobabad which is highly populated baloch city.
One of reason of honour killing is marriage of choice. Insindhi culture woman is considered as a property of man, and she cant marry aman of her choice most of the time father decide for her daughters marriageadultery, marriage against family, saying No to arrange marriage, divorce demand,rape victim family enmity. In Sindh woman are considered inferior to man and symbol of family respect. If a girl israped she is assumed to be a reason of shame for family, and she is killed tosustain family honour. Many cases are reported for honour killing whereagricultural lands are main resource of income. So many people plot karo kari likean industry. Another reason can be using the right of khula,if a women commitadultery.