In 2008 it was foundthat between the ages 15-64years of the world’s population around 155-200million people used recreational drugs. Recreational means action done when oneis not working, for enjoyment .Medically; recreational drugs are explained as adrug which is used for its psychoactive effects frequently with the assumptionthat seldom use does not cause an addiction without any medical justification.These are also defined as substances which are used to modify mental state bychanging feelings and perception of a person.
Recreational drugs are also knownas psychoactive substances, illegal drugs and illicit drugs. They are broadly divided into three maincategories that are Depressants,stimulants and hallucinogens. Somecommonly used recreational drugs are cannabinoids, opoids, stimulants, club drugs, hullocinogens, magic mushroomsand dissociative drugs.There are many unwantedeffects of drugs which are belong to their chemical nature some common effectsare HIV virus, hepatitis, unusual social and sexual behavior, accidents and fightsare common.There are differentmethods of taking drugs that are oral, inhalation, intravenous injections, snuffingand smoking (simple, pipe and tube).According to theirharmful effects they are classified into 3 classes, class A, class B, and class C with class A including most harmfuldrugs that is cocaine, ecstasy and LSD etc. class B includes cannabis, codeineand barbiturates. Class C includes steroids and tranquilizers.
Drugs are scheduledinto 5 types by Misuse of drugs regulation. Schedule 1 drugs are those which hasno medical use like LSD, cannabis, raw opium and ecstasy. Schedule 2 drugs canbe prescribed legally including opium, morphine and amphetamine. Schedule 3includes barbiturates and barbiturates which can also be prescribed legally. Schedule4 drug include tranquilizers with minorchances of addiction.
Schedule 5 drugs are least likely to be abused and can beused without prescription.Use of recreationaldrugs among young generation especially students are drastically increased in lastfew decades. It includes in the one of the primary problems which is battled globally.
Worldwide many researches had done in different universities and collegesconcluded that use of drugs among students is increasing day by day. Accordingto different researches besides drinking, cannabis is most commonly used drug worldwidefollowed by stimulants, cocaine and opiods. There are different causes given bymany researchers that are psychological problems, gender, age, curiosity,failure, trauma, socioeconomic status, availability, culture, family and so on.
But in students main reasons are stress, anxiety, curiosity, reduce control ofparents, to increase performance, increased opportunities to use new things, lackof knowledge and responsibilities of universities towards students. Most of thestudents practiced drugs before entering the universities between the ages of10-15 years which is an alarming situation.Medical students arealso in the influence of drug addiction. It is normally consider that medicalstudents are abstained from drug usage because of their field and in futurethey are going to treat people which are influenced by their addiction.
Manyresearches has approved that medical students are also involving in drug usage.In non-Muslims countries there is no prohibition of drinking so it is common inthese students, but there is alarming situation that they exceeds the normalsensible limit with average 88000 deaths per year globally. After thataccording to area other drugs are common. Main reasons stated in researches areanxiety, stress increased performance.Situation is notdifferent in Muslim countries despite of prohibition in Islam. Drug usage iscommon in students. In Turkey, Saudi Arabia alcohol major issue among medicalstudents.
There is same situation in other Muslim countries and neighboringcountry (India).in our country situation is also very alarming many researcheshas done in many medical colleges showing and increased usage of drugs smokingand pipe smoking is most battled condition then other drugs. Use of sedativesand CNS stimulants are common in medical students because of their hecticroutine and complicated course.There is need tocontrol the situation by finding the root cause and try to solves theseproblems and save the students from these dreadful substances especiallymedical students as they have animportant responsibilities in future towards community if the situation is notcontrol it will be difficult for them in dealing with patient.