Indiais country that manages to allow women in important positions while stillundermining women in several ways.
India’s most powerful political figure,billionaires, regional politicians, influential CEOs, and several localgovernment representatives are all women. But even with these improvements, womenare still illiterate, spousal rape is legal, sex-selective abortion, and femaleinfanticide are still practiced. Although living as a women had improved, it isstill not enough to completely change the lives women in India. As more casesagainst women for rape and abuse has increased, there have been increased legalprotection for women, but in terms of economic and political situations, genderequality is yet to come. Thereare many countries like India that still have major gender inequality issues. Inmany of these countries, women have limited amount of opportunities compared tomen.
The strongest issues in gender inequality for these countries is the positionswomen have in the work force. While India’s economy has been improving, itcannot even begin to rival China’s booming economy. When comparing India andChina, their major reason for the difference in the economic growth is the theproportion of their population in the work force. China has a extensive workforce of women compared to India’s work force. India’s female laborparticipation rate was 29 percent while China’s female labor participation ratewas 28%.
Comparing these two countries India is far less than China. Thisindicates how far China is far ahead of India in terms of the economy. Accordingto the International Labor Organization, India’s female labor participationrate has been declining throughout the years. The decline is a result oflimited opportunity for women as well as the difficulty of working afterchildbirth. Only a quarter of India’s 473 million work force consists of women.
If an addition of 203 million women were to enter the workforce, it wouldincrease India’s annual economic growth by 4 percent. The most crucial results wouldbe the advantages for women in economic and political factors. This possibilitywould have also opened up interaction internationally making India become aworldwide investment.
Whilemore women in India’s work may have opened some ways for its growth, there arecultural and social norms keeping them away from the work force. India’scultural and social beliefs against women in marriage, motherhood, unfairgender discrimination and patriarchy are reasons why India is ranked the 11thfrom the bottom in female participation rate. Althoughmarriage doesn’t seem like a huge deal for some, India has strict culturalbeliefs of marriage for women. India’s gender norms to protect women from othermen and ban women from leaving their house without accompany is still widelybelieved. There are still men that refuses to let their daughter, wife, sisteror daughter in law to go out for job interviews or trainings, which constrictstheir only option to be housewives.
But even wen are women employed, they areusually employed in less important positions and receive a lower pay checkcompared to men. Duringthese past years, the government has been enforcing policies that supportsgender equality. By today, there are several policies that allow women toreceive equal pay, rights, and opportunities as men. But even though there arepolicies, making them work in reality is taking much longer in India.
Not longago Bangladesh wasn’t very different with India in terms of women in the workforce, but now most workers in their work force are women. It seems that Indianeed more policies that will create a market for women in the work force andexpand limited opportunities for women. Furthermore, to make sure that womenare supported in the work force, they should go through job trainings and programs.The government needs to ensure that all of India’s women can get theopportunity to work equally as men in India.