INDO-US NEXUS AFTER 9/11After the end of cold warthe world political system had totally changed and US hegemony was established.In Post cold war period, the significant change in trade system, politicaleconomy and patterns of investment brought new relationships between thenations. In changing the world scenario the US is worried to establish aframework of hierarchical power, in which small states are consider accountableto higher level and this element is most important in modern system of state.US became a world supper power after cold war and arranged the new world orderaccording to the liberal ideologies and its security requirements. FrancisFakuyama wrote in his book “The End of History and the Last Man”: “We arewitnessing not just the end of the cold war, or the passing of a particularperiod of history, but the end of history as such; that is, the end point ofmankind’s ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberaldemocracy as the final form of human government” (Kapur 2002, p. 533) But Osamabin Laden’s actions and reports challenged this phenomenon and gave a new wayof thoughts to understand the world political system. Because the 9/11terrorist attacks on World Trades Center totally changed the world politicalsystem.
America adopted the unilateral policy towards the internationalpolitics and shifted her attention from nuclear non-proliferation to terrorism,and energy security for maintain the regional stability. The doctrine of’pre-emptive strike’ and avoiding the rules of United Nations became the majortheme of its policy. India relations with the US were much closed during the post-coldwar era.
The big change occurred in the relations of India and US, when Clintonelected second time and Indian Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) came into power in1997. The new Indian government established very warm relationship with Clintonadministration and eliminated the policy of ‘estrangement’. Indo-US relationduring the cold war was not satisfactory according the American sense. Majorreason of those relations was the cold war structure; because during the coldwar India attached herself with the Soviet block. So that type of Indian policyagainst the US, which was against thecommunist bloc. After the cold war scenario, a dramatically changed in theIndian policies and according to the new world situation US re-evaluated itsrelations with India. For the past situation, a former US Ambassador of IndiaWilliam Saxby, remembered that he met with Hennery Kissinger, when he was theUS secretary of state, he said, “The less I hear from you and less I hear aboutIndia, the happier and will be”. (Hathaway 2003, p.
6) In April 2001 the GeorgeBush explained that his administration “had high expectation for US-Indiarelation”. (Hathaway 2003, p. 6) A day before terrorist attack an US officialwas explaining about the Bush administration’s program to “suspend all nuclearrelated sanctions on India, while living in place many sanctions that limitedand to Pakistan”.