Industrial labor; thus creating machines like the spinning

Industrial Revolution took place throughout the 18th and 19th century and was led by Great Britain. By the end of the Industrial Revolution, Britain was the world’s wealthiest and leading empire. London replaced Amsterdam of being the largest trading port with the population of over two million while Amsterdam had about 30,000 inhabitants in 1570, which doubled in 1610. Before the Industrial Revolution, trading materials were created at homes, without expensive tools or machines. The 18th and 19th century marked a shift to mass production and valuable machines. Although natural resources and invention ideas were available everywhere in Europe, Great Britain had an advantage in an abundant supply of resources and entrepreneurs, a well-established trade network, geography location, and a government that supported economic change.
The Industrial Revolution jump-started with the Agricultural Revolution, which increased food production and population. This was caused by the enclosure movement and led entrepreneurs to use the enclosed land to grow crops and trade them. Britain also had a bountiful amount of coal and iron that created factories and workforces. Once this began to make a profit for the English, they came up with ideas to increase mass production with a less labor; thus creating machines like the spinning jenny and steam engine to increase work manufacturing and further expand industries. It also created the idea to use slaves to work in factories because machines were expensive and wanted to be used continuously to make a higher earring. Britain’s geography as a small island allowed trade to be exported easily. Efficient transportation was essential since transportation systems lowered costs, decreased traveling and delivery time, and therefore allowed for a greater integration of British markets to occur. With a boost of trade and food, Britain’s population also began to grow, especially with fewer cases of epidemics.
Even though Britain had natural resources and entrepreneurs full of ideas, so did the rest of Europe. The reason the Industrial Revolution did not occur at a different location was that of Britain’s government. With the switch of a Monarchy to a Constitutional government, the Parliament was heavily depended on. They encouraged entrepreneurs and their ideas, supporting them by creating the first central bank in 1694. It provided the people of credit for possible successful ideas and inventions, as well as funded canals and transportation. A reason the Industrial Revolution happened in the 19th century due to epidemic outbreaks. Another reason industrialization did not occur earlier was that human power and human labor were almost free using slaves and prisoners and debtors. It was not until such practices began to fix an into disfavored for good reason that the advantage of machinery became acceptably cost-effective.
The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment-inspired people to exercise scientific thinking on machines and technology. In the centuries before the Industrial Revolution, Europeans gradually incorporated science and reason into their mindset. It is argued that these intellectual shifts made Great Britain highly responsive to new mechanical and financial ideas. With Great Britain having an advantage in an abundant supply of resources and entrepreneurs, a well-established trade network, geography location, and a government that supported economic change, they provided and a period for industrialization.