INTRODUCTION · Protection of the rights of person

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

Within a year thousands
of students enter to the university. With lots of hopes. They come here to
continue their learning, to learn essential skills to pursue a particular
career to find a better job with a good salary, to meet new friends, to have
more independence, to experience the university life etc. So each and every
students that comes to our university, “University of Sri Jayewardenepura” also
have the same hope and university too help them to a certain extend to
accomplish their goals.

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But the problem is all
the students here do not have the ability to get the use of these opportunities
easily as others. We have some students with different disabilities. Such as
physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, vision impairments, hearing
problems, mental disabilities, arms or leg handicapped etc. These students
should not be discriminated and disadvantaged by the university. University
need to ensure some adjustments to facilitates those students. So our main
concern through this report is to help those students with disabilities, who
could not make their voice to the society and suffering a lot because of this
problems.

In order to help this
problem, we first gathered information about the students with disabilities by
talking with them, and also we gathered information about the facilities
available here in our university by providing a questioner to some faculties.
By doing all these what we hope is to point out the missing facilities
available and to provide some recommendations to help these students. So they
will get the some opportunities. As all the other students in the university.

 

Literature
review

To get the base to our
report we went through some past researches and past paper articles about the
issue. When referring to the work of previous researchers. 

We first found the
research done by

·        
Uv
Kiran, Babasaheb Bhimroo University, Lucknow. On infrastructure facilities for
differently abled students. A comparative study of government and
Non-Government institutions.

                   The primary goal of that
research was to identify the differences in infrastructure facilities and
student’s level of satisfaction. The result show that Non-Government institutions
were providing more infrastructure in comparison to government students for
disable students. According to their research none of the institutions have
walking aids, internal phones and two-way radio remitter facilities. Majority of
the Government institutions have very low level 0f satisfaction regarding the
availability of facilities for disable students.

Next we referred the,

·        
Protection
of the rights of person with disabilities. Act no: 28 of 1996.  

                   That
act was establish for the establishment of a national council for person with disabilities,
for the promotion advancement and protection of rights of persons with disabilities
in Sri Lanka.

·        
Research
on managing the transition to university for disabled students; by Mark Taylor,
Mike Baskett and Chris Wren.

                
Purpose of that research is to examine mechanism for managing the
transition for school to university for disabled students. There they have
outline a number of areas that need of students with a disability. They recommend
that education infrastructure are required to make reasonable adjustment for
with a disability.

·        
Article
on the differently abled community of Sri Lanka by Jayani Balasubramanium  

                  There
she has given her review and opinion about developing the facilities for
disabled people in Sri Lanka to create a positive change in the world.

Through all these past
researches what we found in conclusion is that facilities available for
disabled is lack. And need to be improved. So through our research we aim to
highlight those issues and provide recommendation for those issues, with the
help of these past researches.

 

Data
analysis and recommendation

Main aim of our research
is to increase the facilities in our university for disabled students. So that
they can also achieve a great success it they are given enough support and opportunities.
Since disabled people are actually differently abled people, they should also
be given enough facilities within the university to improve their skills. So they
will also get the opportunity and pleasure of enjoying a normal life as all the
other students. We should not look at them as a burden. Instead we should
encourage them to face their life challenges with courage.

There can be differently
types of disabilities. Mainly we can categories in to 13 arears such as,

1.     
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

2.     
Blind or low vision (BLV)

3.     
Cognitive disabilities (CD)

4.     
Deaf or hard of hearings (DHH)

5.     
Deaf-Blind (DB)

6.     
Development delays (DD) Early childhood
only

7.     
Emotional disabilities

8.     
Language or speech impairment (LSI)

9.     
Multiple disabilities (MD)

10. 
Other health impairments (OHI)

11. 
 Orthopedic
impairment (OI)

12. 
Specific learning disabilities (SLD)

13. 
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Belonging to one of these
would be consider as disabled. The main thing is we should understand that
students with disabilities are not different from others. But they have some
special needs that need to be addressed carefully.

According Jackie Concley
(We referred google documents) there are many ways in which you can help
disabled people. He has mainly highlighted some general rules for helping
disables.

1.     
Treat them as equals

 We should also treat these students as equal
to other because they are no exceptions. They also like to have friends, have
fun and to engage in university activities as others. So we should not hesitate,
and be afraid to make them participated in all the activities. We should always
encourage them.

 

2.     
Ask before you help

 You
should not always jump in and help those people. Because without knowing their
need we could make a harm to them than good. So should politely ask whether
they need any help and especially we should not offer any medical advices to
them without proper knowledge.

 

3.     
Never assume someone does or does not have
a disability.

Without
knowing the correct incident we should not call they        disable. Because with the disabilities
they could act and feel different. Those kinds of behaviors can have an adverse
effect on them.

4.     
Do not stare at the disabled

 We not should just stare at the disabled
students. So then they will feel embarrassed. They also live a life as others. Simply
look at them as the way you look at others.

 

5.     
Respects and understand confidentially

 When
interacting with such people, we should be respectful in both act and words. And
we should always protect their privacy.

 

All these rules are
applied when dealing with such students. In general when it comes to a
university other than all these we should ensure some special facilities for
them to help their studies. According to our research some students tend to
drop university due to lack of facilities, which is not a good sign anyway.

Unless universities talks
necessary steps to improve facilities the rate of disable students dropping out
the university will increase drastically. Universities welcoming the
application of disable students also make them responsible for adjusting. Necessary
facilities to access the course. If you cannot facilitate you should not admit them.
If you admit you should fulfill their needs.

 

Data
analysis and recommendation

Data
analysis

Number of disables and
available facilities in each faculty

To find the number of
disable students in each faculty and how they treat them and to find the
available special facilities. We did a small research by providing a questioner
to each faculty. Given below are the results.

1.      Faculty
of Humanities and Social Science –

·        
There are about 30 disabled students out
of which 5 have bearing aids.

·        
One important issue we got to know is that
those five students are learning the lecture through the gestures of the
lecture. And because of using microphones they could not see the movements of
the lips of lecturer. And they tend to lectures because of this issue.

·        
No special arrangement have being taken to
help those students

·        
Some students have reported their issues
with the department office, but they said that there is nothing to do with
that. And we could not consider it as an responsible answer.

 

 

Main
issues identified

Through the whole
research, we could identify some major issues faced by disable as follows.

1.     
Lack of elevators

There
is only four or five elevators for the entire university. There is a difficulty
for them to reach. The lectures hall atleast there must be sloped staire causes
to take wheel chairs easily.

 

2.     
Transportation problems

There
is a problem them to travel  from one place
to another, for  that they always need a
help from a another student. So it is better to have a special kind of
transportation systm if possible to help them.

3.     
lack of human support

for
some students they always need a support person. Always their friend can not
fulfill this need. Their should be some person at special places like canteen,
library, administrative building to help them to reach their needs.

 

4.     
Accommodation problems

These
students should be provided with special accommodation facilities. Such as
special hostel rooms in ground floor with attached bathrooms.

 

5.     
Lack of sanitary facility

There
is only one washroom for the disable in the entire university. While improving
the facilities for other students, we think that their facilities should also
be improved.

 

6.     
Library facilities

One
issue in the library is that, there is no elevator for the library. They also
have an issue to access the books they want. It is good to have a library
assistance to help the students to find the book they want. What they request
is to increase the technology in a way to support them, increase the number of
braille books, apply voice recognition software etc.

 

7.     
Lack of counseling facilities

Disabled
means not only physical disabilities, mental disorders can also be taken into
this category. So there must be a proper counselling service specially designed
for the needs of disabled students. Then they can share their ideas with them
without hesitating.