INTRODUCTIONThe police force is a body which comprises ofofficers and has been granted the power by the state to exert the law, protectthe citizens within that jurisdiction together with their property.
They areallowed to use legitimized force that’s why they carry firearms and tasers andare allowed to use them. The research is not about police officers but on thewhole process of policing.RESEARCHQUESTIONSThe question that the research was focused on is thechange in structure of the police force. The research was able to find out thatthe policing has been changing from the monopolistic set up that we inheritedfrom our forefathers which used to be offered by the state to one that iscurrently being offered by institutions such as private companies on a commercialbasis and ones that are offered by the communities on a volunteering basis. Theresearch was able to find out that in America private security agents are threetimes more than public officers.The authors were trying to address the shift ofpolicing and how it can be better managed. The authors argue that although theprinciples of policing remain constant, the environment which police operate inhas drastically undergone change. Protecting property and life, maintainingpeace, enforcing the law are functions of the police which are currently beingchallenged by citizen’s expectations which have been rising through the years,budgetary constraints and sophistication in crime has led to the need to addressthis shift.
E.g. 30 years ago hacking and online bullying where not possiblebut currently they are more likely to encounter them in our day to dayactivities.RELEVANCEOF RESEARCH QUESTIONThe relevance of the research question is to try andpredict the future of policing and getting to know more about the currentpolicing environment we are living under. It is also important for us to beable to understand how we can be able to handle the challenges The authors tested their research through observation,collecting data among others. The researchers went to neighborhoods that have organizedneighborhood watches so as to be able to understand how they work.
They alsolooked for statistics to know the number of private and public officers.The variables that tend to appear in the research iscomparing the rich and poor neighborhood and also areas which are predominantlyoccupied by blacks compared to those which are dominated by whites.RESEARCH FINDINGS.The research findings came up with recommendationson how community policing ought to be conducted and the changes that shouldtake place.
The research also was able to find the different ways of policing.CONCLUSION Policeofficers have not helped their cause with stereotypes, racism and human rightsviolation. They have used excessive force when dealing with this futuregeneration aged between 18 to 35. Police work of safeguarding its citizensregardless of sex or age but aswitnessed when police are called to deal with house parties or any event thatdeal with that said age group we see that they tend to see them as culpritsalready. Male youths are viewed as likely criminals compared to theircounterparts female who are of the same age.REFERENCES1. Bayley,D. H.
(1994). Police for the future. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.