INTRODUCTION It describes a collection of metabolic diseases

INTRODUCTION

It describes a collection of metabolic diseases in which someone has
high blood glucose, either as a result of inadequate insulin production or
because the body cells do not react properly to insulin or both .Signs of a  high blood sugar include regular urination,
increased thirst, and increased hunger (James M, 2010).

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TYPES OF DIABETES

Type 1 diabetes-the body does not produce insulin. This type is referred
as insulin dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes or early onset diabetes.
Patients mostly develop this type of diabetes before their 40th year
often in early adulthood or teenage years.10%of all diabetes cases are type 1.Secondly,Type
2 diabetes-the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function or the
cells in the body do not react to insulin.90%of all diabetes cases are type 2. Thirdly,
Gestational diabetes-it affects females during pregnancy. This can be
controlled through exercise and diabetes but a given percentage of patients
will need to take some kind of blood glucose-controlling
medications.undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise risk of
complications during child birth: the baby may be bigger than the normal size Bingley PJ, (2011).

 

 

 

Causes of diabetes

Diabetes can be caused by; Viral or bacterial infection, Chemical toxins
within food, Unidentified
component resulting to autoimmune reaction,
Obesity, Living an inactive lifestyle, Increased age and also Bad diet (Kirkman MS, 2010).

Symptoms of diabetes

Going to the toilet a lot, especially at
night. Mostly frequent urination,
being really thirsty, Feeling more fatigued than usual even after doing a less
engaging task, unexpected weight loss,
unusual genital itching or thrush which is very uncomfortable to handle and also cuts and wounds take longer to heal due to
the weakened white blood cells in the body and also Blurred vision (Colucci RA, 2011).

Treatment

Medication for the diabetes type 1 patients is a insulin injections for
their lifetime. They must also ensure proper blood glucose levels be carrying
out regular blood tests and following a special diet. Some people may be able
to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight following a healthy
diet doing plenty of exercise and monitoring their blood glucose levels. If
this type gets worse the patients end up taking insulin in tablet form. This
can be controlled through exercise and diabetes but a given percentage of
patients will need to take some kind of blood glucose-controlling medications.undiagnosed
or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise risk of complications during
child birth: the baby may be bigger than the normal size (Palmer K 2012).

 

CONCLUSION

Diabetes is a sluggish
killer with no identified curable treatment. However, its complications can be
reduced through thorough awareness and timely treatment. It is vital to ensure
the blood glucose levels of patients are under strict control to avoid the complications.
Generally regular exercise can not only in enhanced control of blood sugar but
also helps to manage weight and blood pressure as it decelerates the bad
cholesterol and accelerate the level of good cholesterol in the blood (Goldfine
KA, 2010).

 

 

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