IntroductionBiologyis a branch of science that focuses on life as the ‘bio’ means life while’logy’ is study. Basically, biology is about life study. Human are totallydependent on green organisms human alone cannot convert the sun’s energy intoforms that are usable by, hence their existence are vital to the very existenceof animal life.KingdomProtista divided into two informal classification Algae and Protozoa.
Algaehave two major phyla. Chlorophyta (Green Algae) and Phaeophyta (Brown Algae).For Protozoa have four major phyla.
Rhizopoda (Amoeba sp), Apicomplexa (Plasmodiumsp), Ciliophora (Paramecium sp)and Euglenophyta (Euglena sp).Thisresearch focus on Protista, hence the writing will discuss the importance ofProtista as food sources more focusing on a species Enteromorpha prolifera (Nori) or majorly known as seaweed.Enteromorpha prolifera also known as in Chinese Tai-tiao(Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).In Hawaiian, Limu ‘Ele’ele, Hulu’ilio (Abbott 1984).
Japanese:Sujiao-nori (Tokida 1954) and Swedish: Spretig tarmalg (Tolstoy &Österlund 2003). Usage of Enteromorphaprolifera as food sources for both livestock and humans.Nori appeared in both American and Asian waters. It was used extensivelyin food, especially in Asian.
Since the usage of Nori in japan is muchextensive compared to other Asian country, it is cultured on nets or bamboostaked set out in shallow marine bays. The qualification to harvest it is whenthe thin, crinkly, gelatinous blades are around 2-3 inches diameter. Before using the seaweed as livestock feed, the seaweeds need to berinsed to remove the salt from them before using them as livestock feed in theEurope and elsewhere. This is because they have fail identifying the usage ofthe seaweed and had no reason but to as they restricted the enterprises to oneaspect only. Such as, the production of the iodine, livestock feeding and etc.Instead in Asia especially in Japan, they processed the seaweed into eatable,which were used in many gourmet. Japan developed a technology produced aceticacid through fermentation of the seaweeds.
This is due to their method onpreparing the seaweed progress is so delicate they manage to maximized theusage of the seaweed. Enteromorpha prolifera as sources of renewablebio-fuel. After the incident of the yellow seain China the large-scale greentides, consisting mainly of Enteromorpha prolifera, have invaded thecoastal zones of western Yellow Sea occurred in May 2018, they have found wayto make use of the Entermorpha proliferainstead of just removing it away from the Yellow Sea, the have found that itcould be source of renewable bio-fuel. Enteromorpha proliferacontains a higher content of protein, water soluble carbohydrate and fiber thanmost plants, yet have low levels of materials that are resistant to thermaldecomposition such as cellulose, lignin, and hemicellulose Seaweeds is a sources contains agreat diversity in dietary fiber, as it contains high proportion of solubledietary fiber which could lead to disadvantages to starch digestion consequencemay have modify glycemic response and it is beneficial in human health.In addition to thecomposition of pyrolysis material, the heating rate also affects the activationenergy of biomass. (Haykiri-Acma et al.)The results that havebeen found might been helpful to find a possible strategy for use of byproductsof green tide as feedstock for bio-oil production, which should be beneficialfor environmental protection and renewable energy developmentSeaweed is anti-tumor and potent antigen toxic promoting Japanese edibleseaweed, Enteromorpha prolifera orknown as Sujiao-nori in Japanese.
This Nori, previously identified using in vitro cell culture by Y. Okai, K.Higashi-Okai S. Nakamura, Y. Yano, S.
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