relationship between the United States and European according to global
observers is in decline. Previously, there has been an extensive cooperation which
has rendered the relationship successful. This transatlantic partnership has
various shared values and concerns which have grown independently as far as
security and prosperity are concerned. The transatlantic relations at the time
of Obama regime were mostly positive (Rees, 2011). The nature of the U. S-European
relationship is based on shared interests and challenges regarding efficiency
(the United States, 2001). Since 9/11 the transatlantic relationship has been
healthy in fighting terrorism although data privacy has brought up significant
information sharing challenges.
U.S. and Europe are still the principal actors when it comes to negotiating and
seeking to reach agreements which help to ensure the nuclear program in Iran is
solely for peaceful intentions. However, the extensiveness of the U.S and EU
have managed to isolate and pressure Iran even though the outcome of such talks
remains uncertain (Kramer, 2011). The other broad objective is to resolve the
Israeli-Palestine conflicts. However, as a result of changing the geopolitical
environment, the influence of the transatlantic partnership is facing tensed
atmosphere. Europe has increasingly supported Palestinian statehood is
diverging from the U.S approach hence straining their relationship.
there are allegations that U.S. spies and surveillance programs in Europe have
started significant backlashes hence damaging the transatlantic trust. Even
though the tensions prove they are manageable, and the U.S intelligence
cooperation with Europe continues, however, the data privacy concerns might
complicate the future talks on the transatlantic information sharing agreement
polls indicate that the European perceptions of the America’s foreign policies
during the Obama time were relatively favourable and considerable compared to
the time of George Bush. Over the last decades, the tone of the international
and transatlantic relations has been constructive, and the full range of global
challenges experienced by the United States and Europe have pushed the two
towards a conventional approach (Gantz, 1993). In an attempt to solve the
daunting problems facing them jointly, they both have encountered reality
checks and frustrations which remind each other of what to expect from the partnership.
the Obamas administration announcement in 2012 to rebalance the foreign policy
towards a more significant focus on Asia, many Europeans were worried that the
United States wanted to pull back from Europe. For instance, the Ukraine conflict
and crisis have made the United States policymakers to rethink on the European
security, even though the United States continues to play a critical role in
NATO and manages relations with Russia. The fact the U.S. attention is likely
to remain solely in Asia and the Middle East, the U.S generals feel that Europe
should share a big part of the burden for its security and take a leading role
in other international issues (Rees, 2011). Europe should continue to be an
active partner and address some of the common threats and concerns. Most of the
transatlantic cooperation outcomes are positive, but the U.S remains concerned
by the outgoing economic difficulties in Europe.
United States officials and congress who assess the partnership with Europe are
also facing complex and changing political environment within the EU and its
member states. The European financial and debt crisis after the 2008-2009
downturn forced numerous European leaders to confront the EU’s unfinished
nature. Even though the leaders acquired
unprecedented measures as a response to their plight, the process to get to
such reforms have led to increased tension between the EU member states.
Despite the crisis looking like they have receded, there still lies unsolved
the same time, there have been perceptions that Europe’s traditional mainstream
has been unable to solve the economic problems which have led to the
anti-establishment backlash among the European voters. In several countries,
new and upcoming political parties have gained strength, and many of the
populist parties advocate for far right and left policies. The individuals also
embrace nationalist, anti-immigration and anti-Islamic policy reforms (the
United States, 2001). Nearly all the parties remain anti-EU regarding expanding
European integration, opposing the Euro currency and also their nations
membership in the union. The European domestic challenges, economic struggles
and political instability, as well as the increasing sceptics about the EU,
affects Europe’s ability to act in the transatlantic relationship.
diminishing relations of U.S and Europe with Russia have become a predominant
issue. According to the European and U.S policymakers claim that the conflicts
and crisis in Ukraine have transformed Russia from strategic partner to a vital
problem in uncertain dimension (the United States, 2001). Even though some
officials continue to advocate for the pragmatic cooperation with Russia if
possible, others feel that Russia’s recent actions will return the collaboration
to low levels.
decades now, the relationships between Russia and the West have been
accompanied by periods of tension. The policymakers in Russia view NATO
expanding and the US-European support with resentment. For instance, the 2008
disagreements between Russia and Georgia took the relations to a new low. As a
result, the Obama administrate sought to enhance the connections. After the
reset initiative, U.S-Russia cooperation on Afghanistan and Iran improved
considerably with the two sides signing new start agreement. Also, the revising
of the U.S. missile defence strategy diminished the tensions on the issue. The
US and European objections remained on the Russia policies where Abkhazia and
South Ossetia regions where recognized as independent.
following strains increased as the U.S. and the European critics of the
2011-2012 parliamentary and presidential elections in Russia. The aftermath led
to a substantial trigger of backlash in Moscow. When Vladimir Putin was
re-elected, Russia reacted negatively to the U.S Congress and adopted the
Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012 (Rees, 2011). Russia also continued to differ with the
U.S-European foreign policy and sharply criticized the 2011 NATO operations in
Libya and supported Bashar al-Assadin the Syria conflicts. This undermined the
U.S and European approaches of addressing the violence in Libya using the
United Nations Security Council.
the political crisis in Ukraine from 2013 established a series of developments
which took the U.S and European relations with Russia to the lowest point over
the years (Kramer, 2011). Yanukovych was forcefully removed from office in 2014
when the protests led to violent clashes between protestors and the security
forces. The U.S and European leadership frequently backed the formation of a
brand pro-western government.
has been a vast oppose of the U.S-European coordination and increased the
tensions. The two sides have analyzed developments which are primarily aligned
and they have openly sought to maximize their influence. Following the U.S
concerns about the EU reluctance to expand sanctions, Europe has debated over
the consent contend while attaching the economic value and the political
Europe and U.S have the most extensive trade
and investment relationship which generates over $5 trillion yearly as well as
providing over 15 million jobs in Europe and United States. The Merchandise
trade accumulated to around $787 billion in 2013. The transatlantic companies
have the highest number of investors in each other’s market. As from 2009, approximately 56% percent of
the global investment in the U.S goes to Europe. For instance, over 70% of the
foreign investment in the U.S. came from Europe. European affiliates in the
United States accounted for $8.7 trillion (Rees, 2011). As a result, the U.S
and Europe provide approximately 50% of the world’s gross domestic product
(GDP) by value. The transatlantic economic relations are very influential to
world trade historically.
2013, the United States and Europe started a process to negotiate for
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) which called for free
trade to boost jobs and growth for both sides. Many researchers have suggested
that reducing of the tariffs and non-tariff barriers like different regulations
and standards might provide a massive increase to the U.S-Europe GDP. Also,
harmonization of the rules and standards jointly and ways to develop standard
rules like on intellectual property rights and investment would allow the
United States and Europe to define global goals (the United States, 2001).
TTIP has become central to the U.S.- Europe political ties since many
stakeholders have been investing their hopes in the prospective agreements as
an approach to reaffirm broader transatlantic relationship. Conversely, there have been fears of a more
comprehensive fall out for these relations especially if the negotiations fail
to overcome the significant differences or in case the agreement would fall
short of the expectation. However, the transatlantic officials have hopes that
the initial deal would work even though critics hold that the raised objections
might fall out of place. The European political and public opposition to TTIP
intensified in 2014.
2010-2012 the Eurozone crisis has been the principal challenge in the European
politics and they called for more energy and attention from the European
leaders (Kramer, 2011). However,
numerous analysts argue that the market confidence has dramatically improved
since 2013 and that the condition seems to have stabilized. Also, many analysts
also doubt if the crisis is really over given the current more profound flaws.
As at 2015, the forecasts predicted an economy of 1.4% in the EU and 1.1% in
the Eurozone compared to the United States 3.3%. The unemployment figure is
considerably high in Southern Europe.
potential barrier between Europe and Syria led government in Greece has been a
constant reminder that the possible triggers can resurrect the unease in the
market. Many analysts have also issued warnings on the prospects of a long-term
economic stagnation in Europe. Even though many analysts have been concerned by
the Eurozone crisis that might adversely affect the U. S. growth, the concerns
are mitigated by America’s economy matching forward despite the recurring
difficulties in Europe (the United States, 2005).
and Europe dominate the worldwide trade in cultural goods, and together they
account for 62$ imports and 49% exports. However, there has been a vast
cultural divide between the U.S and Europe which has been reflected in contrast
to the policies approaching culture.
According to the 2005 Unesco Convention which the U.S. did not sign,
Europe has the legal obligations of protecting and promoting diversities of
cultural expressions (Gantz, 1993).
contrast, the social actions in the U.S are not guided by any federal policy
centrally and the resources acquired are relatively small for a country which
boosts the world’s biggest economy. The EU has a long-term tradition of
supporting creative and cultural industries while the U.S views culture as a
general commodity which makes the American film and music industry to be
perceived as the critical ambassador (the United States, 2005).
2016, the EU declares its strategy for international culture relation which
sought to fill the gaps and remove the misconceptions about Europe. As at July
2017, the European government gave in to the initiative. Also, the European
delegation in the U.S., as well as the recently established Euro-American
Cultural Foundation, approaches bring out the best of the EU culture. It also
helps significantly in advancing the knowledge of the value and importance of
the transatlantic partnership.
U.S and Europe have been interacting for over sixty years through bilateral
relations. Despite the tensions, the two have shared good relationships which
have helped to strengthen cooperation on military and trade as well as shared
values (Kramer, 2011).
economic and political relations are the most important. This is because of the
economic and political shared goals, shared values, overlapping interest is
what constitutes the transatlantic partnership between Europe and America. They
both face common financial concerns including terrorism, armed conflicts and
nuclear proliferation, human rights and free markets and many supporters argue
that one side cannot handle the full range of such global issues alone
Finally, the Trump administration has already
strained the relationships with various EU countries as well as other U.S
allies to a point where even after the end of the NATO summit. in May 2017,
Merkel declared that the Europeans could no longer rely on the United States,
especially when Trump called the Germans “bad, very bad” and to even
threatening to stop the car trade with Germany.