INTRODUCTION:Donating an organ legally while person is dead or alive, with consent is calledOrgan Donation.According to WHO, most common organs donated are kidneys, liver, lungs,heart, intestine, bone marrow, skin and cornea.To finish organ commerce and promote donation after brain death, thegovernment of India enacted a law called “TRANSPLANTATION OFHUMAN ORGANS ACT” in 1994 that brought about a significant change inorgan donation and transplantation seen in India. However, there has been nonational coordinated effort to increase organ donation. Strategies that do notinvolve payment for organs, such as investment in health care resources tosupport deceased donor organ donation and introduction of a remunerationframework for the work of deceased organ donation, should be prioritized forimplementation.
(1)Knowledge, attitude and actions are interrelated and previous studies haveshown that culture and religion were important external influences whichaffected the decision making process. So, students require further informationon the organ donation process and they need opportunities to examine their ownbeliefs and attitudes, which can be addressed through educationalinterventions.(2)There is an increasing discrepancy between the number of patients on thewaiting list for organ transplantation and the available number of deceaseddonor organs. India is currently having a deceased donation rate of 0.05–0.08/million population compared to rates of more than 20/million in Spain, US,and France. Therefore, there is a great need for increasing organ donation andharnessing of donor organs. An assessment of awareness and attitude towardorgan donation would help to plan sensitization programs and to propagateknowledge at the community level.
(3) The undergraduate medical curriculumshould provide students with basic information on procedures and ethical issuesconcerning organ transplantation and donation, so that future doctors canbecome informed advocates. However, there is a lack of local data on attitudes,knowledge, and actions with respect to organ donation among Indian medicalstudents.(4)By this study we can assess their knowledge regarding organ donation andencourage them to volunteer for organ donation.OBJECTIVES:? A Survey to know knowledge, attitude and perception about organdonation among MBBS students of Adesh Institute of Medical Sciencesand Research,Punjab.
? To create awareness among them so that they can volunteer themselvesfor donating organs.? To clear their myths about organ donation.METHODOLOGY:Study settings- Study will be conducted on MBBS students of Adesh Instituteof Medical Sciences and Research, Punjab in 2018 (between May 2018 toSeptember 2018) to elicit knowledge about Organ donation.Study design- Cross sectional descriptive study.Ethical consideration-Study will be continued after granted approval byuniversity, Research and Ethics committee.Subjects– Participants for my survey will include both males and femalesMBBS students.Consent – Verbal consent of participants will be taken.
Inclusion criteria- MBBS students (prof 1st -4th ) of Adesh Institute of MedicalSciences and Research, Punjab .Exclusion criteria – No student other than MBBS branch, no teacher will beincluded.My survey will be taken in the form of self prepared questionnaire. The detail ofquestionnaire is as follows:-Questionnaire – Questionnaire will be prepared and distributed to MBBSstudents. It will consist of several sections which are as under –Section 1 will include questions regarding personal information of participantslike name, age, sex, occupation, religion, prof, medical history.Section 2 will include questions to know their knowledge about OrganDonation. We will ask about organ registry, opt in and opt out system, OTDAkit,and process for organ donation, who can donate organs? , Towhom organcan be donated, Have you donated any organ?Section 3 will include questions about any previous experience related to organdonation like if they know anyone else who had donated or acceptedorgans.Section 4 will include questions regarding their myths and misconceptions aboutorgan donation like whether organs can be taken out from living persons, somethink that donated organs are sold out at high cost.
Section 5 will include questions on their knowledge regarding body donation.As for donating a dead body there is a proper pre planned process with theconsent of family members, whether they are aware of this process or not?Section 6 will include questions on some acts like NOTO, SOTO, newamendment in organ transplantation act and on nearest centers for organdonation with its transportation facilities.Section 7 will include whether my information will help them in future and whatfurther steps they will take for Organ Donation.Awareness class – Answers of questions asked will be studied and awarenessclass be organized for all the participants. Main aim of this class is to break theirmyths and to encourage them for organ registry.IMPLICATIONS OF STUDY:? My survey will help me in assessing whether students know theimportance and process followed by our country for registry and donationof organs.
? This study will help me if workshops or any educational programmesshould be organized or not.? This study will also help me in knowing whether the transportationfacilities and organ donating centers are constructed according to NOTOor not.REFRENCES:1. Gill JS, Klarenbach S, Barnieh L, Caulfield T, Knoll G, Levin A, et al. Financialincentives to increase Canadian organ donation: Quick fix or fallacy? Am J KidneyDis. 2014;63(1):133–40.2. Ramadurg UY, Gupta A.
Impact of an educational intervention on increasing theknowledge and changing the attitude and beliefs towards organ donation amongmedical students. J Clin Diagnostic Res. 2014;8(5):5–7.3. Balajee K, Ramachandran N, Subitha L. Awareness and attitudes toward organdonation in rural Puducherry, India. Ann Med Health Sci Res Internet.
2016;6(5):286.4. Chung CKY, Ng CWK, Li JYC, Sum KCY, Man AHY, Chan SPC, et al. Attitudes,knowledge, and actions with regard to organ donation among Hong Kong medicalstudents.
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