“It is not wisdom but Authority that makes a law.” (Hobbes n.d) Thomas Hobbes was born in 1588 and died in 1679. He was a son of a disgraced village vicar; however, his uncle saw potential in him and paid for his schooling. After attending Oxford, he went on to tutor several children of noble families. He even tutored Prince Charles III in math. Thomas Hobbes is best known for his political thoughts. However, Hobbes was also known as a scientist, mathematician, translator of the classics, writer of laws, disputant in metaphysics and epistemology, and disputes on religious questions. Thomas Hobbes wrote many books during his lifetime, some of the books include The Elements of Law, De Clue, and Leviathan. Hobbes was most known for De Clue and Leviathan. His main concern was the problem of social and political order. He thought about how humans can live together in peace and avoid conflict. Hobbes became a conservative after the English Civil War that lasted almost a decade. During this civil war, almost 200,000 people died.  Hobbes’s most popular book is the Leviathan. Hobbes wrote that we should give our obedience to the government, even in the darkest of situations, so there is a less chance of civil war. The Divine Right of Kings stated that monarchs are from God and that the people should follow the Kings because God said so. Unlike the Divine Right of Kings, the social contract theory argues that the right to rule should be with ordinary people, who gave Kings power. The people would be happy to listen to Kings as long as the Kings made the people happy and did whatever the people wanted. Hobbes saw that both theories had flaws. Hobbes was driven to write the Leviathan out of fear, that another civil war would break out. Hobbes wrote about the social contract theory, and how it goes hand in hand with obedience. He did this by, asking people to think about the history of man. They ran around in bear skins, wreaking havoc until people were so scared the looked up to people of higher power. People wanted to form the government out of fear of war. Hobbes wrote that the people had the duty to keep obeying the ruler with only one right to complain or revolt against the ruler. The people were allowed to revolt if the ruler threatened to kill them. Otherwise, it was fine if the ruler increased taxes or ruined the economy. Hobbes believed that even if the ruler had wicked plans, it would be the duty of the people to follow the orders. Hobbes’s philosophy was based upon fear, however time and time again his philosophy is proven true. From Leviathan Hobbes wrote, “The doctrine of Right and Wrong, is perpetually disputed, both by Pen and the Sword: Whereas the doctrine of Lines, and Figures, is not so; because men care not, in that subject what be truth, as a thing that crosses no mans ambition, profit, or lust.” (1651) 


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