Ja’Naya HortonProfessor KramerAnth 104December 11, 2017Final EssayLanguage is a system that helps people express thoughts, feelings, and meaning through symbols and sounds. Language presents us with two functions to consider: one being an instrument of communication and the other as a way of asserting a person’s or nations identity or distinctiveness from another, accepting the argument that language is intrinsic to the expression of culture. Language is the primary tool for communication purposes, for establishing peace and order in our society, for showing authority and power, and for attaining goals and objectives. But, it can also destruct the society if it is used inappropriately. It must follow the conformity governing the society to avoid conflicts and to meet the boundary of individual differences. Society however controls our language by giving us preferences as what are acceptable and not, because each one of us has our own perception or point of view. A group of people may accept our language, but for others, it could be kind of offence or insult. We must know how, when and where to say it and for what purpose. Throughout history, language has played important roles in social and cultural functions. In the 1960s during the Sexual Revolution, in order to bring about sexual liberation women changed the way they talked about sex in hopes of changing the negative connotation put in place by society.Most of us probably remember history lessons about the American Revolution, French Revolution, and even the English Revolution. These were pretty influential events in history and affected how governments would operate for centuries. Thus, the word ”revolution” carries with it some serious significance. The word ”revolution” is usually reserved for transformations not only in the structure and leadership of a government but also to its citizens. When we think of the word ”revolution,” we may also think of things like war and fighting. However, there are other revolutions that have happened in history that didn’t include war but still transformed the actions of the government and its citizens. One such revolution was the sexual revolution of the 1960s and 1970s in American history. The sexual revolution was a specific period during the 1960s and ’70s in which attitudes towards sexual behavior became more tolerant and liberal in the United States. This revolution did not just happen spontaneously, but rather was influenced by a number of other factors that were happening in American society at the time.During this time in America, society had heavy limitations in place on women freedom to express themselves. There were strict gender roles that were being followed at this time, and as a female you were expected to maintain the role of a mother and a wife. Many of the advertisements in the magazines and T.V. shows somewhat defined the role of motherhood. They were constantly aimed at feminine concerns because women were normally the ones that were buying the products for the house. T.V. shows such as “The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet” set an example of how normal “American” life should be. These advertisements often times showed smiling women with their arms loaded with cooked food, or a women cleaning house and looking happy and content to be doing that and nothing else. These were dedicated housewives whose only goal in life was to meet the pleasures of their husband and children. Society believed women fit this role and it should be the goal for women. In addition, in these post war years, sexuality was defined in a sacred, marital context. There was no room left for single sexual culture, homosexuality, or any other type of sexuality not considered mainstream. Although this was the common ideology of the time, few women assumed this role completely. Women used language to sexually liberate themselves by not making the conversation about sex. They instead made the conversation about women being able to gain the right to do as they please with their body. At the core of the sexual revolution was the concept, radical at the time; that women, just like men, enjoyed sex and had sexual needs. Feminists asserted that single women had the same sexual desires and should have the same sexual freedoms as everyone else in society. For feminists, the sexual revolution was about female sexual empowerment. For social conservatives, the sexual revolution was an invitation for promiscuity and an attack on the very foundation of American society, the family. Knowing that society would not be susceptible to them just outright protesting for the right to have sex with whoever they want. Again it was a smart choice for them to take advantage of the idea of euphemisms because by them changing the language of their movement’s agenda to being about women’s right to make their own decisions it made it an easier message to be received to such a conservative population at the time. Fortunately, by the conversation being about rights it definitely helped women achieve their social goal. In the 1960s the Sexual Revolution helped foster increased access to contraceptives with the introduction of, Enovid, the first hormonal birth control pill. This was a huge step in liberating thmeselves sexuakky because birth control gave women the option having sex without procreation. An even huger step the language of this movement helped facilitate was the decision of Roe v. Wade. Thanks to the consistency of these women fighting for their rights, it helped influence the Supreme Court’s decision to rule in favor of Jane Roe which legalized abortions. This ruling finally acknowledged that the constitutional right to privacy extends to a woman’s right to make her own personal medical decisions; including the decision to have an abortion without interference from politicians. There are still so many places in the world where women do not have the right to make decisions pertaining to their reproductive health. Instead, the authorities decide when a woman should or should not have children. She has no control over the path her life will take. Everyone except the woman herself is able to decide what is in her best interest. She either is too young, too irresponsible, too incompetent, too lazy, or too poor to decide whether to end a pregnancy or have a child. This could easily still be the United States today, however, because the women changed the language of their agenda to be about women’s reproductive rights. It allowed their message to be a lot more receptive to such a conservative society and this decision helped women gain steps towards their sexual liberation. Women controlling their reproductive destiny helped dismantle the idea that their gender exists only to care for others. Women are given the prerogative to lead their lives as they wish: To go to school. To pursue a career. To stay at home. To raise a family. To not have children or to have a number of their choosing. This was only possible when reproductive rights were acknowledged as human rights.