M.Lehman & M.
Thornwall (2009),conducted study on attitude regarding homosexuality among college students. A crosssectional study and non random purposive sample design was used. Results demonstratedthat an independent samples t test was run to compare mean scores for males andfemales. There were noteworthy mean contrasts between the sexes regardingvariables SPA, FAM, PER, SPF, SPR, RTM, and CWH.
A reliability analysis was run to show if thefactors were a reliable list to quantify the significant ideas, factors thatimpact students’ attitudes regarding homosexuality. Cronbach’s Alpha is ameasure of reliability or reliability was 0.581.
This value showed that reviewthings were a reliable measure of the major concepts; in any cases if the variableSPR were to be removed, the reliability would ascend to 0.717. Bojana Dunjic,et al (2011), conducted study onknowledge and attitudes regarding homosexuality among medical professionals atBelgrade, Serbia. The suitable convenient sampling and socio-demographic questionnaire, knowledgeabout homosexual questionnaire and attitude toward homosexual questionnairewere used. Results showed that male members showed a low knowledge regardinghomosexuality t(175)=-2.81, p=0.005,and higher propensity to vilify homosexuallyoriented peoples t(175)= 3.38, p=0.
001. The participants who pronounced themselvesas “non-religious” indicated more knowledge about homosexuality than thoseproclaiming themselves as ” religious” t(175)=4.36, p=0.000. The physician &students did not contrast in knowledge t(175) = 1.00,p= 0.
318, and attitudes t(175)= 0.68, p= 0.500 and 2nd year studentsshowed less knowledge comparison with the 6th year students(M=-2.93, SD= 1.01, P=0.004) and the trainees (M= -3.28, SD= 1.
09, P= 0.003).Meanwhile the 2nd students and specialists showed a same level ofknowledge, with the specialists scoring higher on the questionnaire (M= 1.71,SD= 1.
12, P= 0.129).The specialist did not essentially vary in their knowledgefrom the sixth year students (M= -1.22, SD= 1.01, P= 0.
233) and the trainees (M= -1.57, SD= 1.09, P= 0.153) spite ofthe fact that they scored bring down on survey. The demeanors didn’t concedeamong the groups (F(3,173) = 1.02, P= 0.384, which were separated by theacademic level. By the help of attitude questionnaire find out, the participantshad more negative attitude regarding the many statement (M= 4.
00; SD= 1.20). Rose Chapman, TZappia, P Nicol, L Shields (2011), conductedstudy on attitude, knowledge and beliefs towards LGBT guardian seeking healthcare for their children among nursing and medical students in Australia.Descriptive, comparative study with convenience sampling was used. Resultsdepict that the mean age of nursing students’ (23.
8 years, range 19-50 years)was significantly different to the mean age of medical students(24.7 years,extend 21-46 years, U=3860,p<0.001). student group was significantlyconnected with sexes (x2 =30.9, df=1, p<0.
001), Caucasian race (x2=30.9,df=1, p<0.001) and highest qualification(x2=30.9, df=1, p<0.
001).Theoverall noteworthy contrast in attitudes indicated by to sexual orientationreflected just a significant difference in attitude regarding gay men (U=3272,p=0.001) and not attitudes regarding lesbians (U=4478, p=0.10). Males had morenegative attitudes gay men (mean subscale score 19.1) compared with females(mean subscale score 15.
9). NurtenSargin & Osman Circir (2014), conducted study on attitudes toward homosexuality among prospectiveteachers in Konya, Turkey. Quantitativemethodology survey with simple random sampling was used. 319 females and 169 male were participating. Theage participants were between 19 – 22. The (ATLG-R) scale and individual datafrom gender, age, domain were used as information gathering instruments.
Theconsequences of one way ANOVA test showed that there was a significant contrastin the members’ attitudes regarding homosexuality according to age variable(p<.05).Female members had more inspirational attitudes than the male regarding homosexuals;it was also finding out that 21-22 year old were more positive attitude thanthe other age groups. G Banwari, K Mistry,and H Gandhi (2015) conducted study on knowledge and attitudes regardinghomosexuality among medical students and interns in Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India.A cross-sectional survey design with a expediency sampling was used.
All undergraduate medical students andinterns considering in one Indian medical college. The participants filled the(SEKHQ) and AHQ. The results found that aggregate of 339 medical student andinterns in all were drawn closer and invited to take on interest and participate,out of which 273(80.5%) agreed to participate and returned the filledquestionnaires. The mean age of the respondents was 20.
04 (SD=1.62) years,range17-25.The mean total score of the respondents on SEKHQ was 10.59(SD=4.19),range 1-21.The mean total aggregate score of the respondents on the AHQwas50.52 (SD=8.
63), range 25-85. Medical student and interns had lackingknowledge about homosexuality, female had more uplofting attitudes towardshomosexuals. ReddySrikanth, Reddy Pooja, Quadi Meraj, Ohri Nishant, Desai Samir(2016), conducted study on attitudes towards homosexuality among psychiatrists in India. Ascross-sectional online-based examination completed a time of 1 month. Results depict that study 190 psychiatrists assented to the study and submitfinished form. The mean age of the respondents was 42.9 ±11.
8 and the male or femaleratio was 3.8. Most therapist (n=105) revealed that they see vicinity 1 and 10gay patients per year and 95.26% reported that they were happy and comfortabledoing as such. Most (83.15%) were happyreferring a patient to a homosexual colleague. The mean HATH score was 59.
3±4.6and there was no significant contrasts across gender, age, work zone andpractice profile.