Malaria the human body, it slowly attacks the

Malaria has been huge problem to many individuals in different parts of the world over several years. It is an infectious disease caused by a protozoan parasite or a mosquito. Plasmodium falciparum is a parasite which is the most dangerous form of malaria. Malaria is transmitted by one bite of the female Anopheles mosquito that is infected by the parasite. One does not contract the disease by simply standing next to them, but by having close contact with them such as blood. More than half the population lives in areas that are affected and at risk of malaria transmission in 106 countries (“Impact of Malaria”). Malaria occurs in poor tropical and subtropical areas such as Africa, Asia, South and Central America (“Facts Sheets of Malaria”). The people who are mostly affected by this disease are the ones who do not have immunity against the disease. They are young African children, pregnant women, and travelers who travel to such countries. “In 2012, malaria caused an estimated 207 million clinical episodes, and 627,000 deaths. An estimated 91% of deaths in 2010 were in the African Region” (“Impact of Malaria”). Malaria parasites are part of the genus Plasmodium. There are 100 species of Plasmodium which affects many animals,mammals and humans. Out of the 100 species, there are four main ones that infect humans (“Malaria Parasites”). The two most common are the Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Plasmodium falciparum is found mostly in the Africa region. This parasite is the most severe one of the four discussed because it attacks the red blood cells of human hosts. When the parasites enter the human body, it slowly attacks the body’s red blood cells which will kill the host almost instantaneously is treatment is not sought (Stanmeyer, 2007). It can cause the person to be anemic, which means that there would be loss of healthy red blood cells. This causes the depletion of oxygen since the red blood cells cannot carry it throughout the body. In addition, because so many blood cells are being attacked the blood vessels clog important organs such as kidneys causing the spleen of the host to become big. Not only the organs, but this disease can cause the brain many complications. Plasmodium vivax is also found in some parts of Africa, but also in Asia and Latin America. The parasite stays in the liver for few months or years and can invade the blood after an infected mosquito bites its host. Since the host can be infected for a more extended amount of time complications can accrue causing lower treatment succession if left untreated. “It has been estimated that 2.5 billion people are at risk of infection with this organism” (“Plasmodium vivax”). Another parasite that affects the human body is called Plasmodium ovale. It is similar to the previous parasite mentioned. This parasite is mostly found in Africa just like the other two, specifically West Africa and islands of the western Pacific. It can affect the individuals who are negative to the Duffy Blood groups. The Duffy Blood groups are “a patient with hemophilia who had received multiple blood transfusions” (Dean,2). Plasmodium malariae is the last parasite that infect humans. Unlike the other three, this parasite could be found everywhere in the world. This is the only parasite that occurs in a three day cycle; the other parasites discussed occurs in a two day cycle. This means the parasitic organisms take longer to reproduce within a host. The symptoms for Plasmodium malariae could last for a very long time or for the rest of an individual’s life (“Malaria Parasites”). In addition, this parasite could cause many complications and lead to having life long syndromes.  There are multiple studies conducted to find drugs that combat parasites which cause malaria. In the “A Systematic Review of the Clinical Presentation, Treatment and Relapse Characteristics of Human Plasmodium Ovale Malaria.” by Mirjam Groger, the study was about one of the parasite mentioned which is Plasmodium ovale.  In this study, the following drugs: “Artesunate, atovaquone, chloroquine, mefloquine and pyronaridine”, were administered to the clinical study participants and monitored to see if they were beneficial in combating symptoms of malaria. (Groger, pg 40). “In the Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used for the Treatment of Malaria in the Plateau Region, Togo” by Kodjovi Agbodeka,, the study was about using antimalarial drugs from indigenous medicinal plants found in Plateau region in Tongo which is located in West Africa. In this study, traditional healers were interviewed to see if the plants species cured those who were infected by malaria and use it as a malaria therapy. Both of the articles I chose to use to educate myself on this topic intrigued me since they not only spoke about what malaria was and how it existed in the part and exists today, but also about two different kinds of treatment methods society is taking to try and eradicate this disease’s existence. The first article delves into the more natural world and how individuals believe that a botanical cure for malaria exists in indigenous areas. DIfferent healers within the indigenous societies ¨submitted¨ their remedies and the surveyors organized all their information to better track those they were treating. Personally the way in which the study with specific drugs being administered was organized better than the natural remedy study and gave me more statistical value and insight into how to properly deduce success rates of both studies. Since both methods sought after the same goal in different manners, both deserve praise and recognition, I just believe the study on Plasmodium ovale was run and executed better.