Man’s occupies one day, and takes place in

 Man’s fate is tied with that of society but it
is no absolute entity, being susceptible to change in various ways. The
relationship between man, society, fate and change can be observed only in the
historical perspective. Anand is not concerned with Untouchability in the
abstract as some sociological problem but with the torments, physical, mental
and spiritual and all real, experienced by Bakha, a young sweeper in the course
of a day. The use of the sweeper’s consciousness as the medium through which to
comprehend a sociological problem is both realistic and convincing. A detailed
analysis of this problem with a number of characters and a large picture would
have destroyed the effect and hazy the focus this choice of a day in the life
of Bakha gives to the novel its unity, the unity of classical antiquity. The
action occupies one day, and takes place in “a small area” This simplicity of
form is the result of Anand’s acute awareness of an untouchable’s plight and
has helped him. In almost all his writings Anand show his virtuous and human
indignation and “disgust for the cruelty and hypocrisy of Indian feudal life,
with its castes, creeds, dead habits and customs and its religious rites and
practices.”

 

Mulk Raj Anand
has a social vision. He has a kind regard for the poor. It is perhaps most
striking. The novel Untouchable is based on his personal experience in a
north Indian State. He had written in this novel what he saw in his childhood
and what he learned about caste system in his later years. Many people are
moved by their memories of the inhuman treatment given to the low caste slaves.
As the time passed they came to admit it. Low castes were essential and
inevitable part of Indian social life then Mulk Raj Anand believes that
caste-based exploitation can be stopped. In order to do that, one has to change
one’s point of view. Mulk Raj Anand’s description of the misery of the lower
caste people must be critically examined for a social change.

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The caste system in India is probably the main factor responsible for
creating the enormous differences between people. It separates them in
different groups or sections like ‘Touchable’ and ‘Untouchables’. It is widely
considered as a source of down gradation of the poor. It can also generate some
social problems. The subordinate status is accorded to such disadvantaged
people. In Untouchable we see these minorities living without respect
and peace. The difference between the dominants and subordinates automatically
increases social unrest in the village. 
The village Bullashah has India’s ugly face with tension, injustice,
exploitation, deprivation