Moral development is the aspect of learning and understanding the right from wrong. In infants, they are not mature enough to understand what type of action is acceptable and which is not, but as they progress into early childhood, they will have had some sort of idea or an image of what they can do and cant, for example, SF cant draw on the table; but can do on a paper. Thinking skills SF thinking skills would have involved remembering – shape concepts, colour concepts and number concepts, all three of these can or is developed from watching baby song or parents or relatives slowly helping name some of the objects SF played with. SF thinking skills was mainly obtained from watching baby song as, the beat would stay with her intellectually but it would also help as it would show number song, naming shapes, the different aspect of colour.
An example of a fun but educational song is ‘ ABC, 123’s, Shape Rhymes ‘. Emotional Development From when infants are new-born, they start to express simplest kind of emotions ( crying). They learnt how to express both positive and negative emotions, without the right understanding of when to show them at a certain point.
SF would have shown emotions of hunger and attention by displaying her self by crying. To help infants – such as SF, she would have needed daily exercise now this might not be the case for every infant as some parent don’t feel the need to do this since they will experience the meaning when they reach Early childhood. When talking about emotional development, it mainly links back to an infants bonding and attachment.
Different kind of emotions can be indicated through the age range, they go through up to 2 years of age and above. This will show how infants developed their emotions; for example, SF. Infants from age of 7 months up to 9 months, they mainly look for security in the parents or other, infants become particularly sensitive to stranger and up to a time where they fear them this is called stranger anxiety At 0-3 months, SF showed these sign of emotion: Comfortable when picked up Takes more notice of people voices Smiling to entertaining action Feels safe and comfortable with regular voice – e.g. – (mum, dad, sister, brother) At 6-9 months, SF could: Express sad emotion in result of crying Playful and enjoys surrounded by other babies Shows happiness and excitement with gesture, expression and action identify and recognise her name and others Senses different emotions of other people especially the mother Attachment with parents ( 7months – 1 year ) At 10-12 months, SF developed more concentrated emotions: Attachment with parents Show expressed and developed emption – ( Anger, sadness, happiness ) Understand parent type of temper, and how to make them express it Sad or has anxiety when separated with parent or sibling At 2 years of age, infants such as SF would commonly have tantrum without the carelessness of where they express, this usually happens when they don’t get what pleased them, or they don’t like a certain food/ drinks or just expressed to grab parents – ( mum ) attention to make them lose there patency. But as get older, e.
g. go to nursery or playgroup which will be explained in Early Childhood, will be able to control their tantrum and know when and where to release the emotions and will understand the right from wrongSocial Development From the age of 0- 2 years, infants such as SF, would have formed solid relationships with her mother, father and sibling. Infants become more social when they pay more attention to someone voice or feeling of someone’s touch. This result in SF, understanding how to connect with other people and beginning to understand how to enjoy herself with the company. The amount of support a child receives can result in a stable or unstable social relationship with others. from the being a newborn and all the way up to age of 2-3, SF would have definitely had an equal attachment to her mum, dad and twin sister, so SF would gradually be feared of separation mainly known as separation anxiety.
From 1 – 3 months Milestone, SF developed: From the beginning, SF will mainly enjoy being touched, be picked up, communicated to, and entertained. As SF advances in age – she would have started to experiment with her facial expression ( happy, sad, an angry face ) vocal words, gestures. SF would have repeated her gesture or actions towards her parent mainly, she would have tried to entertain them with her new skills. Therefore this also may lead to SF and her parents bond better as they are getting to know each other interest. As SF, went past her 1st and 2nd month, she started to notice her surrounding. SF would have tried to bring in those that pleased her rather than a stranger, so she would have known a way to attract them whether it was by eye contact, gesture, tone. At 4 –6 months, SF progression was: By 4-6 months, Infants like SF, become more used to cuddles, kisses, being picked up, basically all kind of thing that would make them laugh. At this stage Infants in this case SF would have full control of when she used her facial expression depending on what kind of environment she is for example if they are with there grandparent, which SF had already been through she would feel more comfortable and relaxed knowing that her mother feels the same and the fact that they both know each other.
SF will have got used to being independent for example – playing on her own, Physical Development Physical development is the involvement of how the body has control over itself, mainly appearance, inside organs and their growth spurts. In early childhood, a toddler begins to understand what going around and in there body. They will also begin to understand what gender role they are – e.g.
Female or Male, and what suits them best. Not only do toddler understand what is happening to them but they start to take more notice of there growth spurts such as there heights, weight, Physical development of a child between 3 – 8, will include the gross motor skills and fine motor skills. When zooming into these specific events you will notice changes in appearance, strength and weakness and what new thing they have learned to adapt.
SF had experienced all of these first hand. Language Development Language development is really important as it is the most advanced way to interact and understand children’s. Language and speech development mainly includes verifying different group objects – Toys, food, objects, apparel and relatives. These verifications of the group can be recalled from watching cartoons, baby/ toddlers book and parents. Language development includes the progression of using small word vocal bury to impersonating large word vocally which lead to speaking more complex sentences Every child defers from one another as some of their language and speech development may be visible at an early stage or later stage. In early childhood, for toddlers, it may be a difficult stage as some toddlers may have a two language development e.g. – home language and school.
Some say children’s attending playgroups and nursery has to real positive impact on them, but in fact, it helps them Interact and socialize with there peers but at the same time pick up verbal words from them at this stage carers could pick out some of the learning difficulties and what could be progressed or corrected from it. SF Milestones: 3 – 8 yrs Cognitive Skills Cognitive skills are mainly based on how an individual learns, react, understand and adapts to the different situation whether it is a simple case or a complex case. Cognitive skills are known as brain-based abilities, in early childhood, toddlers are that stage where they always are looked upon, such as seeing if they are progressing as the other kids or interacting with them.
By parents looking at how their cognitive skills are progressing whether it a little effect or big, it will show what they are missing and what needs to be done in order for them to be on the right track. From birth, their cognitive skill is slowly advancing, leading to advancing more in early childhood by challenging there brain and themselves. The cognitive skills involve different varieties of skills but all are useful for present life stage and onwards-such as problem solving, vocabulary, language. In early childhood, toddlers will think moreEmotional development Emotional development is the process of understanding your feeling which is linked in with what type of environment you are in, or what type of mental state you are in. Emotional development is also about the acknowledgement of knowing why or when you are expressing your emotions.
Through all the life stages the emotions state whether it is physically or mentally shown will gradually Increase throughout. From the age of 3 – 8, toddler start to have control of there basic emotions such as; being happy, sad, angry. Most common of emotions in Early Childhood ( 3 – 8 ) Temper Tantrum; All the way through early childhood, a temper tantrum is mainly common in toddlers. This more common in Early Childhood as at this stage, toddler such as SF, was just developing her language skills and found it hard to express what she felt or what she wanted as such. in some case, as toddler become older they might have experience of being jealous or in need of love and attention, SF showed this as she went to nursery on to receptions. At this stage, she had slightly figured out what type of friends she wanted to hang out with and what role, is more acceptable for. A temper tantrum is mainly specified as an outburst of emotions, whether it is – crying, screaming, a release of anger, etc. This can result in appearance wise but can be physical at times for instance – kicking the wall, aggressively throwing objects.
The main solution for a temper tantrum is to distract them, a solution to this is not giving them what they want as it will be giving in to your child. This could lead toddler having a tantrum because they know you will give in. Self-esteem Self – esteem is the concept of liking yourself which reflects on their amount of confidence, whether they have lack of confidence or having lots of confidence. At this stage, SF developed confidence and the ability to believe in her self, which can or did lead to her understanding her values ( like & dislike ). At the age of 5 – when starting year 1 SF started to put more effort into what she wore, into making her friends, this is because when she will go out with her parents she will mostly look at what other people wore and what they did. Self – esteem varies around all life stage but only at the start of early childhood, a toddler will find out and experience what they like and dislike about themselves and other which later makes SF more independent and more reliable on her self rather than her parent to dress and have more power on what she wears.
Example of high self – esteem Positive thinking High self-confidence Unemotional about people thinking Acceptance of there appearance, religion, culture Example of low self – esteem Low confidence Self – confidence Self-confidence is ideas of liking yourself and being able to trust yourself, your abilities and qualities. Self-confidence mainly start to become more common in adolescence but start at early childhood. Before the age of 8 and onward from age of 5, SFs confidence increased based on liking herself, her culture and religion such as sticking with religious belief dress code, and being traditionally involved in her culture ( Pakistan ) and her appearance. SF had a lot of self-confidence as she didn’t care what anyone thought of her or how anyone viewed her whether it was a relative, outsiders or classmates. SF confidence increased as she was supported by her twin sister ‘ Alisha ‘ she didn’t really have thought being left alone and the need of stepping up for herself. At the age of 8, SF confidence had more of an impact on her life than in the past few years. This was because she started to have more interest in what people thought of her whether it was based on her looks, intelligent, culture, etc.
SF had more concern with, what type of friends she wanted, how they wanted to view her and what personality she liked and what type she fell into. This may have lead to SF feeling the need to have friends as it would make her feel better about herself. Self – concept Self-concept is identified from birth depending on how parents treat the child or the type of attention is given to the child. in this life stage, is the main stage where, toddlers like SF, start to develop their self-concept. A child can either have a positive or negative self-concept.
Self-concept generally revolves around the behaviour and attitude towards themselves and others and their abilities, unique feature. At the age of 3, SF managed to understand what was right from wrong, how she thought of herself. For example, SF would understand that she could only eat halal food, not haram such as; pork which is forbidden as part of her religion ( Islam ). By the age of 5, SF was able to separate herself, such; her age group, gender role, skills which were best suitable for her.
This is known as ‘ categorical self ‘ which refers to how an individual such as SF portrays her self with her classmates and siblings. It is also about how a child ( SF ) separates them self into different sections for example – specific age, hobbies/likes, personality wise. Self-concept also has different characteristics involved in it which link back to SF growing up. an example of one is; Personality, Skills and abilities. Natural abilities Natural abilities are something that comes across when you’re born, which later on progress’s.
Natural abilities are known to be simple skills that link back to the physical and intellectual development of an SF. Simple skills involve, effective communication, this link in with SF intellectual language and cognitive development starting from infancy. Effective communication allows SF to confidently talk to her teacher, as she is in an educational phase. SF might not have such confident two sentences speaking at the age of 5, but had the understanding of what she was saying and what she heard from others